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From Middle English materas, from Old French, from Arabic مَطْرَح (maṭraḥ, “place where something is thrown”), from طَرَحَ (ṭaraḥa, “to throw”). Compare divan, from Persian via Turkish (both of Middle Eastern origin, due to the local custom of lying on padding on floor being foreign to Europeans).
- (Received Pronunciation) IPA(key): /ˈmætɹɪs/
Audio (US) (file)
- Rhymes: -ætɹɪs
mattress (plural mattresses)
- A pad on which a person can recline and sleep, usually having an inner section of coiled springs covered with foam or other cushioning material then enclosed with cloth fabric.
- A form of retaining wall used to support foundations or an embankment
a pad on which a person can recline and sleep
engineering: a flat structure of brushwood or similar material used to provide a foundation for a structure including embankments
mattress (third-person singular simple present mattresses, present participle mattressing, simple past and past participle mattressed)
- (transitive) To cover with a thick layer, like a mattress; to blanket.
- 1997, Andrew R. M. Patterson, A planet through a field of stars, page 123:
- A comfortable litter of pine needles had mattressed the ground and spreading branches had been a canopy overhead.
- English terms derived from Middle English
- English terms derived from Old French
- English terms derived from Arabic
- English terms derived from the Arabic root ط ر ح
- English 2-syllable words
- English terms with IPA pronunciation
- English terms with audio links
- Rhymes:English/ætɹɪs/2 syllables
- English lemmas
- English nouns
- English countable nouns
- English verbs
- English transitive verbs
- English terms with quotations