cushion

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English[edit]

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Etymology[edit]

From later Old French coissin (modern coussin), ultimately from Latin coxa via a Vulgar Latin root *coxinum ‘hip, thigh’ or alternatively from Latin culcita (mattress).

Pronunciation[edit]

Noun[edit]

cushion (plural cushions)

Cushion.jpg
  1. A soft mass of material stuffed into a cloth bag, used for comfort or support; for sitting on, kneeling on, resting one's head on etc.
    • 1905, Baroness Emmuska Orczy, chapter 1, The Tremarn Case[1]:
      “There the cause of death was soon ascertained ; the victim of this daring outrage had been stabbed to death from ear to ear with a long, sharp instrument, in shape like an antique stiletto, which […] was subsequently found under the cushions of the hansom. […]”
    • 1918, W. B. Maxwell, chapter 12, The Mirror and the Lamp:
      There were many wooden chairs for the bulk of his visitors, and two wicker armchairs with red cloth cushions for superior people. From the packing-cases had emerged some Indian clubs, […], and all these articles […] made a scattered and untidy decoration that Mrs. Clough assiduously dusted and greatly cherished.
  2. Something acting as a cushion, especially to absorb a shock or impact.
    1. A pad on which gilders cut gold leaf.
    2. A mass of steam in the end of the cylinder of a steam engine to receive the impact of the piston.
    3. (sports, billiards, snooker, pool) The lip around a table in cue sports which absorbs some of the impact of the billiard balls and bounces them back.
  3. (figuratively) a sufficient quantity of an intangible object (like points or minutes) to allow for some of those points, for example, to be lost without hurting one's chances for successfully completing an objective.
    • 2011 November 3, Arindam Rej, “Fulham 4-1 Wisla Krakow”, BBC Sport:
      Wisla made a bright start to the second half and Fulham keeper Mark Schwarzer was twice called into action, first saving Gervasio Nunez's deflected 20-yard effort and then smothering Gargula's free-kick.
      But Fulham soon had the cushion of a third goal after more outstanding build-up play.
  4. (obsolete) A riotous dance, formerly common at weddings.
    (Can we find and add a quotation of Halliwell to this entry?)

Translations[edit]

The translations below need to be checked and inserted above into the appropriate translation tables, removing any numbers. Numbers do not necessarily match those in definitions. See instructions at Help:How to check translations.

See also[edit]

Verb[edit]

cushion (third-person singular simple present cushions, present participle cushioning, simple past and past participle cushioned)

  1. To furnish with cushions.
    to cushion a sofa
  2. To seat or place on, or as on a cushion.
    • Bolingbroke
      Many who are cushioned on thrones would have remained in obscurity.
  3. To absorb or deaden the impact of.
    to cushion a blow
  4. To conceal or cover up, as under a cushion.

Translations[edit]

The translations below need to be checked and inserted above into the appropriate translation tables, removing any numbers. Numbers do not necessarily match those in definitions. See instructions at Help:How to check translations.