band

Definition from Wiktionary, the free dictionary
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See also: Band, bånd, and *band

Contents

English[edit]

Pronunciation[edit]

Etymology 1[edit]

From Middle English band (also bond), from Old English beand, bænd, bend (bond, chain, fetter, band, ribbon, ornament, chaplet, crown), from Proto-Germanic *bandą, *bandiz (band, fetter), from Proto-Indo-European *bʰendʰ- (to tie, bind). Middle English band reinforced by Old French bande. Cognate with Dutch band, German Band, Danish bånd, Swedish band, Icelandic bandur (band). Related to bond, bind, bend.

Noun[edit]

band (plural bands)

  1. A strip of material used for strengthening or coupling.
    1. A strip of material wrapped around things to hold them together.
      • 1913, Joseph C. Lincoln, chapter 10, in Mr. Pratt's Patients:
        The Jones man was looking at her hard. Now he reached into the hatch of his vest and fetched out a couple of cigars, everlasting big ones, with gilt bands on them.
    2. A narrow strip of cloth or other material on clothing, to bind, strengthen, or ornament it.
    3. A strip along the spine of a book where the pages are attached.
    4. A belt or strap that is part of a machine.
  2. (architecture) A strip of decoration.
    1. A continuous tablet, stripe, or series of ornaments, as of carved foliage, of colour, or of brickwork.
    2. In Gothic architecture, the moulding, or suite of mouldings, which encircles the pillars and small shafts.
  3. That which serves as the means of union or connection between persons; a tie.
  4. A linen collar or ruff worn in the 16th and 17th centuries.
  5. (in the plural) Two strips of linen hanging from the neck in front as part of a clerical, legal, or academic dress.
  6. (physics) A part of the radio spectrum.
  7. (physics) A group of energy levels in a solid state material.
    valence band;  conduction band
  8. (obsolete) A bond.
  9. (obsolete) Pledge; security.
    (Can we find and add a quotation of Spenser to this entry?)
  10. (especially US) A ring, such as a wedding ring (wedding band), or a ring put on a bird's leg to identify it.
  11. (sciences) Any distinguishing line formed by chromatography, electrophoresis etc
  12. (medicine) Short for band cell.
  13. (slang, hiphop, often in the plural) A wad of money totaling $10K, held together by a band; (by extension) money
Hyponyms[edit]
Derived terms[edit]
Translations[edit]

Verb[edit]

band (third-person singular simple present bands, present participle banding, simple past and past participle banded)

  1. (transitive) To fasten with a band.
  2. (transitive, ornithology) To fasten an identifying band around the leg of (a bird).
Translations[edit]
The translations below need to be checked and inserted above into the appropriate translation tables, removing any numbers. Numbers do not necessarily match those in definitions. See instructions at Wiktionary:Entry layout#Translations.

Etymology 2[edit]

From Middle English band, from Old French bande, from Old Occitan banda (regiment of troops), perhaps from Frankish *bend, from Proto-Germanic *bandiz, from Proto-Indo-European *bʰendʰ- (to tie; bond, band).

Noun[edit]

A music band

band (plural bands)

  1. A group of musicians who perform together as an ensemble, usually for a professional recording artist.
  2. A type of orchestra originally playing janissary music.
  3. A marching band.
  4. A group of people loosely united for a common purpose (a band of thieves).
    • 1883, Howard Pyle, The Merry Adventures of Robin Hood Chapter V
      But in the meantime Robin Hood and his band lived quietly in Sherwood Forest, without showing their faces abroad, for Robin knew that it would not be wise for him to be seen in the neighborhood of Nottingham, those in authority being very wroth with him.
    • 1900, L. Frank Baum, The Wonderful Wizard of Oz Chapter 23
      "My third command to the Winged Monkeys," said Glinda, "shall be to carry you to your forest. Then, having used up the powers of the Golden Cap, I shall give it to the King of the Monkeys, that he and his band may thereafter be free for evermore."
  5. (anthropology) A small group of people living in a simple society.
  6. (Canada) A group of aboriginals that has official recognition as an organized unit by the federal government of Canada.
Derived terms[edit]
Descendants[edit]
  • Cantonese: band (Chinglish)
  • German: Band (colloquial)
Translations[edit]

Verb[edit]

band (third-person singular simple present bands, present participle banding, simple past and past participle banded)

  1. (intransitive) To group together for a common purpose; to confederate.
    • Bible, Acts xxiii. 12
      Certain of the Jews banded together.
Derived terms[edit]
Translations[edit]
The translations below need to be checked and inserted above into the appropriate translation tables, removing any numbers. Numbers do not necessarily match those in definitions. See instructions at Wiktionary:Entry layout#Translations.

Etymology 3[edit]

Verb[edit]

band

  1. (obsolete) simple past tense and past participle of bind

See also[edit]

Anagrams[edit]


Chinese[edit]

Etymology[edit]

Borrowed from English band.

Pronunciation[edit]

Noun[edit]

band

  1. (Cantonese) band (group of musicians) (Classifier: )

Synonyms[edit]

References[edit]


Danish[edit]

Etymology 1[edit]

From English band.

Pronunciation[edit]

  • IPA(key): /baːnd/, [b̥æːnd̥]

Noun[edit]

band n (singular definite bandet, plural indefinite band or bands)

  1. band
Inflection[edit]
Derived terms[edit]

Etymology 2[edit]

From Old Norse bann (ban, curse).

Pronunciation[edit]

Noun[edit]

band n (singular definite bandet, not used in plural form)

  1. (rare) excommunication

Etymology 3[edit]

From bande (swear, curse), from Old Norse banna (ban, curse).

Pronunciation[edit]

Noun[edit]

band c, n

  1. (rare) swear word

Verb[edit]

band

  1. imperative of bande

References[edit]


Dutch[edit]

Etymology 1[edit]

From Middle Dutch bant. This etymology is incomplete. You can help Wiktionary by elaborating on the origins of this term.

Pronunciation[edit]

Noun[edit]

band m (plural banden, diminutive bandje n)

  1. connection, liaison, bond (attachment, as in a relation)
  2. band (all English senses, above, except for group of musicians) (clarification of this definition is needed)
  3. tire/tyre (e.g. a car tyre)
  4. tape (magnetic tape, video tape)
  5. bank (the bank of a pool table)
  6. belt (martial arts belt)
  7. belt (conveyor belt)
  8. (physics) interval relating to frequency or wavelength in electromagnetic phenomena
    1. interval in the light spectrum
    2. range of energy levels in a solid state material
  9. ribbon
  10. bond, tie
Derived terms[edit]
Related terms[edit]

Noun[edit]

band n (plural banden, diminutive bandje n)

  1. ribbon

Etymology 2[edit]

Borrowed from English band.

Pronunciation[edit]

Noun[edit]

band m (plural bands, diminutive bandje n)

  1. (music) band

Faroese[edit]

Etymology[edit]

From Old Norse band.

Noun[edit]

band n (genitive singular bands, plural bond)

  1. (a piece of) rope, string
  2. (figuratively, in the plural) ties, connection, relations

Declension[edit]

n8 Singular Plural
Indefinite Definite Indefinite Definite
Nominative band bandið bond bondini
Accusative band bandið bond bondini
Dative bandi bandinum bondum bondunum
Genitive bands bandsins banda bandanna

German[edit]

Pronunciation[edit]

Verb[edit]

band

  1. Past tense of binden.

Icelandic[edit]

Etymology[edit]

From Old Norse band.

Pronunciation[edit]

Noun[edit]

band n (genitive singular bands, nominative plural bönd)

  1. (a piece of) string
  2. yarn
  3. (figuratively, in the plural) ties, connection, relations
  4. binding (of a book)
  5. (music) tie
  6. (music, slang) a musical band

Declension[edit]

Synonyms[edit]

Derived terms[edit]

Related terms[edit]


Middle English[edit]

Alternative forms[edit]

Etymology[edit]

From Old English bend, from Proto-Germanic *bandiz; vocalism is influenced by Old Norse band and Old French bande.

Pronunciation[edit]

  • IPA(key): /bɔːnd/, /baːnd/, /bɔnd/, /band/

Noun[edit]

band (plural bandes)

  1. That which obstructs one's free will and free action; a restraint.
    1. A chain or other object used to restrain a captive.
    2. Captivity; the condition of being jailed.
    3. A compact, directive or binding pact (either reciprocal or from one unto another)
  2. A strip of a material used to to tie or bind; a band:
    1. A rope or piece of twine used to tie or bind.
    2. A headband (a band that surrounds the head)
    3. A metal band that surrounds an object in order to strengthen it.
    4. (anatomy, rare) A joint or sinew.
    5. (heraldry, rare) A diagonal stripe or band.
  3. (rare) A strip of a material not used to tie or bind.
  4. Something used to join or connect; a link.
    1. (figuratively) A metaphorical connection or linkage.
  5. A collection or group of bound items.

Descendants[edit]

References[edit]


Norwegian Bokmål[edit]

Alternative forms[edit]

  • bånd (see this word for common usage)

Etymology[edit]

From English band (in this sense)

Noun[edit]

band n (definite singular bandet, indefinite plural band, definite plural banda or bandene)

  1. (music) a band; group of (rock) musicians

Derived terms[edit]

References[edit]


Norwegian Nynorsk[edit]

Etymology 1[edit]

From Old Norse band, akin to English bond.

Pronunciation[edit]

Noun[edit]

band n (definite singular bandet, indefinite plural band, definite plural banda)

  1. a tape
  2. a ribbon
  3. a band
  4. a bond
  5. a leash (for a dog)

Derived terms[edit]

Etymology 2[edit]

From English band (music)

Pronunciation[edit]

Noun[edit]

band n (definite singular bandet, indefinite plural band, definite plural banda)

  1. (music) a band

References[edit]


Old Norse[edit]

Etymology[edit]

From Proto-Germanic *bandą.

Noun[edit]

band n (genitive bands, plural bǫnd)

  1. the act of binding or settling
    Antonym: lausn
    • lausn ok band allra vandamál
      the decision in all difficult cases
  2. band, cord
  3. (plural only) bonds, fetters
  4. (plural only) bond, confederacy
  5. (plural only, poetic) the gods
    • blóta bǫnd
      to worship the gods
    • at mun banda
      at the will of the gods

Declension[edit]

Derived terms[edit]

Related terms[edit]

Descendants[edit]

References[edit]

  • band in A Concise Dictionary of Old Icelandic, G. T. Zoëga, Clarendon Press, 1910, at Internet Archive.

Swedish[edit]

Etymology[edit]

From Old Norse band.

Pronunciation[edit]

Noun[edit]

band n

  1. a band, a ribbon, a tape; a strip of material
  2. a band, an ensemble, an orchestra; group of musicians
  3. a band, a gang; band of robbers
  4. (physics) a band; a part of radio spectrum
  5. (physics) a band; a group of energy levels
  6. an audio tape or a video tape
  7. a cassette of audio or video tape
  8. a tie, a connection, a relation; from a person to another person or to a place

Declension[edit]

Declension of band 
Singular Plural
Indefinite Definite Indefinite Definite
Nominative band bandet band banden
Genitive bands bandets bands bandens

Derived terms[edit]

Related terms[edit]

Verb[edit]

band

  1. past tense of binda.