tire

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See also: tiré, tirë, tíre, tìre, and тире

English[edit]

Pronunciation[edit]

Etymology 1[edit]

From Middle English tiren, tirien, teorien, from Old English tȳrian, tēorian (to fail, cease, become weary, be tired, exhausted; tire, weary, exhaust), of uncertain origin. Possibly from Proto-Germanic *tiuzōną (to cease), which is possibly from Proto-Indo-European *dews-, *dēwH- (to fail, be behind, lag). Compare Ancient Greek δεύομαι (deúomai, to lack), Sanskrit दोष (doṣa, crime, fault, vice, deficiency).[1]

Alternative forms[edit]

Verb[edit]

tire (third-person singular simple present tires, present participle tiring, simple past and past participle tired) (of)

  1. (intransitive) To become sleepy or weary.
    • 2012 September 7, Phil McNulty, “Moldova 0-5 England”, in BBC Sport[1]:
      As Moldova understandably tired after a night of ball chasing, Everton left-back Baines scored his first international goal as his deflected free-kick totally wrong-footed Namasco.
  2. (transitive) To make sleepy or weary.
  3. (intransitive) To become bored or impatient (with)
    I tire of this book.
  4. (transitive) To bore
Synonyms[edit]
Related terms[edit]
Translations[edit]
The translations below need to be checked and inserted above into the appropriate translation tables, removing any numbers. Numbers do not necessarily match those in definitions. See instructions at Wiktionary:Entry layout#Translations.

References[edit]

  1. ^ J.P. Mallory & D.Q. Adams, Encyclopedia of Indo-European Culture, s.v. "lack: deu(s)-" (London: Fitzroy-Dearborn, 1997), 343.

Etymology 2[edit]

From Middle English tire (equipment) aphetic form of attire

Alternative forms[edit]

  • (rubber covering on a wheel): tyre

Noun[edit]

tire (plural tires)

  1. (obsolete) Accoutrements, accessories.
    • Philips
      the tire of war
  2. (obsolete) Dress, clothes, attire.
    • 1590, Edmund Spenser, The Faerie Queene, I.vii:
      Ne spared they to strip her naked all. / Then when they had despoild her tire and call, / Such as she was, their eyes might her behold.
    • 1621, Democritus Junior [pseudonym; Robert Burton], The Anatomy of Melancholy, Oxford: Printed by Iohn Lichfield and Iames Short, for Henry Cripps, OCLC 216894069; The Anatomy of Melancholy: What It Is. With All the Kindes, Cavses, Symptomes, Prognosticks, and Seuerall Cvres of It. In Three Maine Partitions, with Their Seuerall Sections, Members, and Svbsections. Philosophically, Medicinally, Historically Opened and Cut Up, by Democritvs Iunior, with a Satyricall Preface, Conducing to the Following Discourse, 2nd corrected and augmented edition, Oxford: Printed by John Lichfield and James Short, for Henry Cripps, 1624, OCLC 54573970, (please specify |partition=1, 2, or 3):
      , New York Review of Books 2001, p.66:
      men like apes follow the fashions in tires, gestures, actions: if the king laugh, all laugh […].
  3. A covering for the head; a headdress.
    • Spenser
      On her head she wore a tire of gold.
  4. Metal rim of a wheel, especially that of a railroad locomotive.
  5. (Canada, US) The rubber covering on a wheel; a tyre.
  6. A child's apron covering the upper part of the body, and tied with tape or cord; a pinafore. Also tier.
Usage notes[edit]
  • Tire is one of the few words where Canadian usage prefers the US spelling over the British spelling.
Derived terms[edit]
Translations[edit]

Verb[edit]

tire (third-person singular simple present tires, present participle tiring, simple past and past participle tired)

  1. (transitive, obsolete) To dress or adorn.
    • Bible, 2 Kings ix. 30
      [Jezebel] painted her face, and tired her head.
Related terms[edit]
Translations[edit]

Etymology 3[edit]

From Middle English tire, from Old French tirer (to draw or pull), akin to English tear (to rend).

Alternative forms[edit]

Verb[edit]

tire (third-person singular simple present tires, present participle tiring, simple past and past participle tired)

  1. (obsolete) To seize, pull, and tear prey, as a hawk does.
    • Shakespeare
      Even as an empty eagle, sharp by fast, / Tires with her beak on feathers, flesh, and bone.
    • Ben Jonson
      Ye dregs of baseness, vultures among men, / That tire upon the hearts of generous spirits.
  2. (obsolete) To seize, rend, or tear something as prey; to be fixed upon, or engaged with, anything.
    • Chapman
      Thus made she her remove, / And left wrath tiring on her son.
    • Shakespeare
      Upon that were my thoughts tiring.

Etymology 4[edit]

Noun[edit]

tire (plural tires)

  1. A tier, row, or rank.
    • Milton
      In posture to displode their second tire / Of thunder.

Further reading[edit]

Anagrams[edit]


Asturian[edit]

Verb[edit]

tire

  1. first-person singular present subjunctive of tirar
  2. third-person singular present subjunctive of tirar

French[edit]

Etymology 1[edit]

Pronunciation[edit]

Verb[edit]

tire

  1. first-person singular present indicative of tirer
  2. third-person singular present indicative of tirer
  3. first-person singular present subjunctive of tirer
  4. third-person singular present subjunctive of tirer
  5. second-person singular imperative of tirer

Etymology 2[edit]

From English.

Noun[edit]

tire m (plural tires)

  1. (Canada, Louisiana) tire, tyre (of a car, truck, etc)

Anagrams[edit]


Haitian Creole[edit]

Etymology[edit]

From French tirer (shoot).

Verb[edit]

tire

  1. To shoot (hit with a bullet or arrow)

Hausa[edit]

Etymology[edit]

Borrowing from English tray.

Noun[edit]

tìr̃ê m (possessed form tìr̃ên)

  1. tray

Portuguese[edit]

Verb[edit]

tire

  1. first-person singular present subjunctive of tirar
  2. third-person singular present subjunctive of tirar
  3. first-person singular imperative of tirar
  4. third-person singular imperative of tirar

Scots[edit]

Pronunciation[edit]

Verb[edit]

tire (third-person singular present tires, present participle tirin, past tiret, past participle tiret)

  1. to tire

Spanish[edit]

Pronunciation[edit]

  • IPA(key): /ˈtiɾe/, [ˈt̪iɾe]

Verb[edit]

tire

  1. First-person singular (yo) present subjunctive form of tirar.
  2. Formal second-person singular (usted) present subjunctive form of tirar.
  3. Third-person singular (él, ella, also used with usted?) present subjunctive form of tirar.
  4. Formal second-person singular (usted) imperative form of tirar.

Turkish[edit]

Noun[edit]

tire (definite accusative tireyi, plural tireler)

  1. "-" Hyphen-minus symbol, used as a hyphen, minus sign, and a dash.

Declension[edit]

Inflection
Nominative tire
Definite accusative tireyi
Singular Plural
Nominative tire tireler
Definite accusative tireyi tireleri
Dative tireye tirelere
Locative tirede tirelerde
Ablative tireden tirelerden
Genitive tirenin tirelerin