گروه

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Persian[edit]

Etymology[edit]

From Middle Persian [script needed] (glwh’ /⁠grōh⁠/, group, crowd), possibly from Proto-Indo-European *ger- (to twist, wind (into a mass)) and cognate with گره (gereh, knot, tie), as well as Sanskrit ग्रन्थ् (granth, to tie, string together) and English group.[1]

Pronunciation[edit]

  • (file)
 

Readings
Classical reading? gurōh
Dari reading? gurōh
Iranian reading? goruh
Tajik reading? gurüh

Noun[edit]

Dari گروه
Iranian Persian
Tajik гурӯҳ

گروه (goruh) (plural گروه‌ها (goruh-hâ) or گروهان (goruhân))

  1. group (of countries, people, etc.)
    گروه ۱+۵goruh-e panj be alâve-ye yekP5+1
    • c. 1260s, Jalāl ad-Dīn Mohammad Rūmī, translated by Reynold A. Nicholson, مثنوی معنوی [Masnavi-ye-Ma'navi], volume III, verse 2752:
      ما نه زان پیلان گولیم ای گروه / که اضطراب ماه آردمان شکوه
      mā na z-ān pīlān-i gōl-ēm ay gurōh / ki iztirāb-i māh āradmān šikōh (Classical reading)
      O company [of prophets], we are not [to be reckoned] among those stupid elephants who are terrified by the disturbance of the Moon.

Derived terms[edit]

Descendants[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ Nourai, Ali (2011) An Etymological Dictionary of Persian, English and other Indo-European Languages, page 143