ruff

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English[edit]

A ruff (bird)
A 1724 mezzotint of Sir John Coke (1563–1644) wearing a ruff around his neck
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 Ruff (disambiguation) on Wikipedia

Pronunciation[edit]

Etymology 1[edit]

Short for ruffle.

Noun[edit]

ruff ‎(plural ruffs)

  1. A gregarious, medium-sized wading bird of Eurasia, Philomachus pugnax.
    1. A male of the species. (The female is a reeve).
  2. Alternative spelling of ruffe a small freshwater fish; a pope.
  3. A circular frill or ruffle on a garment, especially a starched, fluted frill at the neck in Elizabethan and Jacobean England.
  4. Anything formed with plaits or flutings, like the frill.
    • (Can we date this quote?) Alexander Pope
      I reared this flower; [] / Soft on the paper ruff its leaves I spread.
  5. (obsolete) An exhibition of pride or haughtiness.
    • (Can we date this quote?) L'Estrange
      How many princes [] in the ruff of all their glory, have been taken down from the head of a conquering army to the wheel of the victor's chariot!
  6. (obsolete) Wanton or tumultuous procedure or conduct.
    • (Can we date this quote?) Latimer
      to ruffle it out in a riotous ruff
  7. (military) A low, vibrating beat of a drum, quieter than a roll; a ruffle.
  8. (engineering) A collar on a shaft or other piece to prevent endwise motion.
  9. A set of lengthened or otherwise modified feathers on or around the neck of a bird.
Translations[edit]

Verb[edit]

ruff ‎(third-person singular simple present ruffs, present participle ruffing, simple past and past participle ruffed)

  1. To ruffle; to disorder.
    (Can we find and add a quotation of Spenser to this entry?)
  2. (military) To beat with the ruff or ruffle, as a drum.
  3. (hawking) To hit (the prey) without fixing it.

Etymology 2[edit]

EB1911 - Volume 01 - Page 001 - 1.svg This entry lacks etymological information. If you are familiar with the origin of this term, please add it to the page per etymology instructions. You can also discuss it at the Etymology scriptorium.

Noun[edit]

ruff ‎(plural ruffs)

  1. A card game similar to whist, and the predecessor of it.
Translations[edit]

Verb[edit]

ruff ‎(third-person singular simple present ruffs, present participle ruffing, simple past and past participle ruffed)

  1. (card games) To play a trump card to a trick, other than when trumps were led
Synonyms[edit]
Translations[edit]

Derived terms[edit]

See also[edit]

Etymology 3[edit]

Adjective[edit]

ruff ‎(comparative ruffer, superlative ruffest)

  1. (colloquial) Alternative spelling of rough

Etymology 4[edit]

Onomatopoeic.

Interjection[edit]

ruff

  1. The bark of a dog; woof.