tumultuous

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English[edit]

Etymology[edit]

From Old French tumultuous (modern French tumultueux), from Latin tumultuōsus (restless, turbulent), from tumultus (disturbance, uproar, violent commotion, tumult; agitation, disturbance, excitement)[1] (probably from tumeō (to swell; to be swollen or turgid; to be ready to burst forth, to be excited or violent), ultimately from Proto-Indo-European *tewh₂- (to swell)) + -ōsus (suffix meaning ‘full of, prone to’ forming adjectives from nouns).

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Adjective[edit]

tumultuous (comparative more tumultuous, superlative most tumultuous)

  1. Characterized by loud, confused noise. [from mid 16th c.]
    Synonyms: noisy, uproarious; see also Thesaurus:noisy
  2. Causing or characerized by tumult; chaotic, disorderly, turbulent. [from mid 16th c.]
    Synonyms: riotous, tempestuous, tumultuary; see also Thesaurus:disorderly
    • 2017 March 1, Anthony Zurcher, “Trump Addresses Congress: A Kinder, Gentler President”, in BBC News[1], archived from the original on 2 February 2018:
      In his first address to a joint session of Congress, after a tumultuous first month in office, Mr [Donald] Trump delivered a conventional speech in a conventional manner.

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