wanton

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English[edit]

Etymology[edit]

From Middle English wantoun, wantowen, wantoȝen, wantowe (uneducated; unrestrained; licentious; sportive; playful), from wan- (not", "un-", "mis-) + towen, i-towen (educated, literally towed; led; drawn), from Old English togen, ġetogen, past participle of tēon (to train, discipline), equivalent to wan- +‎ towed.

Pronunciation[edit]

  • (UK) IPA(key): /ˈwɒntən/
  • (US) enPR: wän'tən, IPA(key): /ˈwɑntən/
  • (AUS) IPA(key): /ˈwɒntɒn/
  • (file)
  • Rhymes: -ɒntən
  • Homophone: wonton (some accents)

Adjective[edit]

wanton (comparative wantoner, superlative wantonest)

  1. (archaic) Undisciplined, unruly; not able to be controlled.
  2. (obsolete) Playful, sportive; merry or carefree.
    • 1776, Edward Gibbon, Decline and Fall of the Roman Empire, vol. 1:
      The grave simplicity of the philosopher was ill calculated to engage her wanton levity, or to fix that unbounded passion for variety, which often discovered personal merit in the meanest of mankind.
  3. Lewd, immoral; sexually open, unchaste.
    • 1749, Henry Fielding, Tom Jones:
      if wenches will hang out lures for fellows, it is no matter what they suffer: I detest such creatures; and it would be much better for them that their faces had been seamed with the smallpox: but I must confess I never saw any of this wanton behaviour in poor Jenny [...].
    • 1874, Thomas Hardy, Far From the Madding Crowd:
      I know I ought never to have dreamt of sending that valentine—forgive me, sir—it was a wanton thing which no woman with any self-respect should have done.
    • 1946, Bertrand Russell, History of Western Philosophy, I.21:
      People should not marry too young, because, if they do, the children will be weak and female, the wives will become wanton, and the husbands stunted in their growth.
  4. Capricious, reckless of morality, justice etc.; acting without regard for the law or the well-being of others; gratuitous.
    • 1811, Jane Austen, Sense and Sensibility:
      Edward himself, now thoroughly enlightened on her character, had no scruple in believing her capable of the utmost meanness of wanton ill-nature.
    • 2009, Ben White, The Guardian, 10 Aug 2009:
      these developments in Gaza are a consequence of the state of siege that the tiny territory has been under – a society that has been fenced-in, starved, and seen its very fabric torn apart by unemployment and wanton military destruction.
  5. (archaic) Extravagant, unrestrained, excessive.
    • 1776, Adam Smith, The Wealth of Nations, Book I:
      the market price will rise more or less above the natural price, according as either the greatness of the deficiency, or the wealth and wanton luxury of the competitors, happen to animate more or less the eagerness of the competition.
    • 1876, John Ruskin, Letters, 19 Jan 1876:
      But do not think it argues change of temper since I wrote the Frère review, or a wanton praise of one man and blame of another.

Synonyms[edit]

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Translations[edit]

The translations below need to be checked and inserted above into the appropriate translation tables, removing any numbers. Numbers do not necessarily match those in definitions. See instructions at Wiktionary:Entry layout#Translations.

Noun[edit]

wanton (plural wantons)

  1. A pampered or coddled person.
    • Shakespeare, Romeo and Juliet
      I would have thee gone — / And yet no farther than a wanton's bird, / That lets it hop a little from her hand, / Like a poor prisoner in his twisted gyves, / And with a silken thread plucks it back again []
  2. An overly playful person; a trifler.
    • Shakespeare
      I am afeard you make a wanton of me.
    • Ben Jonson
      Peace, my wantons; he will do / More than you can aim unto.
    • 1898: Charles Dickens: A Critical Study by George Gissing
      This quiet remark serves to remind one, among other things that, Dickens was not without his reasons for a spirit of distrust towards religion by law established, as well as towards sundry other forms of religion--the spirit which, especially in his early career, was often misunderstood as hostility to religion in itself, a wanton mocking at sacred things.
  3. A self-indulgent person, fond of excess.
  4. (archaic) A lewd or immoral person, especially a prostitute.
    • 1891: Jerusalem: Its History and Hope by Mrs. Oliphant
      ...paints with tremendous force the adulteries of the two wantons Aholah and Aholibah, Israel and Judah, and their love of strangers...
    • 1936: Like the Phoenix by Anthony Bertram
      However, terrible as it may seem to the tall maiden sisters of J.P.'s in Queen Anne houses with walled vegetable gardens, this courtesan, strumpet, harlot, whore, punk, fille de joie, street-walker, this trollop, this trull, this baggage, this hussy, this drab, skit, rig, quean, mopsy, demirep, demimondaine, this wanton, this fornicatress, this doxy, this concubine, this frail sister, this poor Queenie--did actually solicit me, did actually say 'coming home to-night, dearie' and my soul was not blasted enough to call a policeman.

Translations[edit]

Verb[edit]

wanton (third-person singular simple present wantons, present participle wantoning, simple past and past participle wantoned)

  1. (intransitive) To rove and ramble without restraint, rule, or limit; to revel; to play loosely; to frolic.
    • c. 1593, William Shakespeare, The Taming of the Shrew, Prologue,[1]
      [] We will fetch thee straight
      Adonis painted by a running brook,
      And Cytherea all in sedges hid,
      Which seem to move and wanton with her breath
      Even as the waving sedges play wi’ th’ wind.
    • 1667, John Milton, Paradise Lost, Book 5, lines 294-296,[2]
      [] Nature here
      Wantond as in her prime, and plaid at will
      Her Virgin Fancies []
    • c. 1820, Charles Lamb, “Christ’s Hospital, Five and Thirty Years Ago” in Essays of Elia, Paris: Baudry’s European Library, 1835, p. 15,[3]
      How merrily we would sally into the fields; and strip under the first warmth of the sun; and wanton like young dace in the streams []
    • 1835, William Gilmore Simms, The Partisan, Harper, Chapter XI, page 139:
      As for her soft brown hair, it was free to wanton in the winds, save where a strip of velvet restrained it around her brows.
    • 1927, Virginia Woolf, To the Lighthouse, London: Hogarth Press, 1930, Part 2, 9, p. 217,[4]
      It might well be, said Mrs. McNab, wantoning on with her memories []
  2. (transitive) To waste or squander, especially in pleasure (most often with away).
    The young man wantoned away his inheritance.
    • 1660, Samuel Pepys, diary entry for 28 April, 1660, in Henry B. Wheatley (ed.), The Diary of Samuel Pepys, London: George Bell, 1905, Volume 8, p.290,[5]
      [] with this money the King shall wanton away his time in pleasures []
    • 1881, Christina Rossetti, Called to Be Saints, London: Society for Promoting Christian Knowledge, “St. Matthias, Apostle,” p. 153,[6]
      [] Samson, having wantoned away his strength and paying the penalty []
    • 1929, Witter Bynner and Jiang Kanghu (translators), “A Song of an Old General” in The Jade Mountain, New York: Vintage, 1972, p. 203,[7]
      And never would he wanton his cause away with wine.
    • 1948, Digby George Gerahty (as Robert Standish), Elephant Walk, New York: Macmillan, 1949, Chapter 15, p. 214,[8]
      If either of us felt the respect for George that you imply by your manner, you know perfectly well that we wouldn’t have wantoned away the day as we have.
  3. (intransitive) To act wantonly; to be lewd or lascivious.
    • 1677, Hannah Woolley, The Compleat Servant-Maid, London: T. Passinger, p. 62,,[9]
      Be loving and courteous to your fellow Servants, not gigling or idling out your time, or wantoning in the society of men []
    • 1749, Henry Fielding, The History of Tom Jones, a Foundling. In Six Volumes, volume (please specify |volume=I to VI), London: Printed by A[ndrew] Millar, [], OCLC 928184292:
      [] whole herds or flocks of other women securely, and scarce regarded, traverse the park, the play, the opera, and the assembly; and though, for the most part at least, they are at last devoured, yet for a long time do they wanton in liberty, without disturbance or controul.

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