drum

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See also: Drum

English[edit]

A drum (instrument).
A scanning machine including a large drum (cylindrical object).
Cable drums
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Pronunciation[edit]

  • IPA(key): /ˈdɹʌm/
  • (file)
  • (file)
  • Rhymes: -ʌm

Etymology 1[edit]

Perhaps back-formation from drumslade (drummer), from Middle Dutch trommelslach (drumbeat), from trommel (drum) + slach (beat) (Dutch slag).

Or perhaps borrowed directly from a continental Germanic language; compare Middle Dutch tromme (drum), Middle Low German trumme (drum) et al. Compare also Middle High German trumme, trumbe (drum), Old High German trumba (trumpet).

Noun[edit]

drum (plural drums)

  1. A percussive musical instrument spanned with a thin covering on at least one end for striking, forming an acoustic chamber; a membranophone.
    Hypernym: percussion instrument
  2. Any similar hollow, cylindrical object.
    Replace the drum unit of your printer.
  3. A barrel or large cylindrical container for liquid transport and storage.
    The restaurant ordered ketchup in 50-gallon drums.
  4. (architecture) The encircling wall that supports a dome or cupola.
  5. (architecture) Any of the cylindrical blocks that make up the shaft of a pillar.
  6. A drumfish (family Sciaenidae).
  7. (Australia slang) A tip; a piece of information.
    • 1985, Peter Carey, Illywhacker, Faber and Faber 2003, page 258:
      ‘he is the darndest little speaker we got, so better sit there and listen to him while he gives you the drum and if you clean out your earholes you might get a bit of sense into your heads.’
Usage notes[edit]

When used in the plural, "drums" or "the drums" often specifically means a drum kit as used for contemporary styles such as rock or jazz; a classical percussionist would be very unlikely to say that they "play the drums" on a piece, even if the only parts they play are, indeed, drums (as opposed to marimba or xylophone or similar.)

Derived terms[edit]
Translations[edit]
See also[edit]

Verb[edit]

drum (third-person singular simple present drums, present participle drumming, simple past and past participle drummed)

  1. (intransitive) To beat a drum.
  2. (transitive, intransitive) To beat with a rapid succession of strokes.
    The ruffed grouse drums with his wings.
  3. (transitive) To drill or review in an attempt to establish memorization.
    He’s still trying to drum Spanish verb conjugations into my head.
  4. To throb, as the heart.
    (Can we find and add a quotation of Dryden to this entry?)
  5. To go about, as a drummer does, to gather recruits, to draw or secure partisans, customers, etc.; used with for.
  6. Of various animals, to make a vocalisation or mechanical sound that resembles drumming.
    • 1886, Peter Christen Asbjørnsen, H.L. Brækstad, transl., Folk and Fairy Tales, page 85:
      "There is the snipe drumming also. We shall have it fine!" he added, with an air of conviction.
Derived terms[edit]
Translations[edit]

Etymology 2[edit]

From Irish druim, Scottish Gaelic druim (back, ridge).

Noun[edit]

drum (plural drums)

  1. (now rare) A small hill or ridge of hills.
Usage notes[edit]
  • Mainly encountered in place names, such as Drumglass and Drumsheugh.

Etymology 3[edit]

Origin unknown.

Noun[edit]

drum (plural drums)

  1. (now historical) A social gathering or assembly held in the evening. [from 18th c.]
    • 1749, Henry Fielding, Tom Jones, Folio Society 1973, page 631:
      Another misfortune which befel poor Sophia, was the company of Lord Fellamar, whom she met at the opera, and who attended her to the drum.
    • 1751, Tobias Smollett, The Adventures of Peregrine Pickle, vol. IV, ch. 105:
      [H]e was engaged in a partie of cards, at a drum in the house of a certain lady of quality [] .
  2. (slang, chiefly Britain) A person's home; a house or other building, especially when insalubrious; a tavern, a brothel. [from 19th c.]
Derived terms[edit]
  • drummer (housebreaker; travelling salesman)

Etymology 4[edit]

Shortening.

Noun[edit]

drum (plural drums)

  1. (informal) A drumstick (of chicken, turkey, etc).
    • 2006, Helene Andreu, Dance, movemet, and nutrition, AuthorHouse (→ISBN), page 138:
      Add, thinly sliced, 1/2 to 1 onion and 2 cloves of garlic also sliced, your choice of protein – chicken or turkey breast, or low fat beef, veal, lamb or pork, cut in pieces, or skinless chicken drums, and probably a little water. Then add 1/2 a cup of ...
    • 2010, Nadejda Reilly, Ukrainian Cuisine with an American Touch and Ingredients (→ISBN), page 253:
      In a large frying pan, add some canola oil and half of the chicken drums and brown them on both sides. Repeat the procedure until all drums are browned. Place them in a medium baking pan. To the browned chicken drums, add sliced onion, ...
    • 2010, Lisa Lamme, The Gypsy Kitchen: Transform Almost Nothing into Something Delicious with Not-So-Secret Ingredients, Simon and Schuster (→ISBN):
      3–5 pounds chicken drums and thighs, with skin
      Hot sauce to taste
      1. In a gallon resealable plastic bag, add flour, pepper, and salt. Shake to mix. []
    • 2016, Melanie Mah, The Sweetest One, Cormorant Books (→ISBN)
      Up top, a pained expression, her eating face. My mom doesn't eat for taste, she does it to stay alive. Probably wouldn't eat if she didn't have to. I grab a new chopstick and when I get back there's a chicken drum on my plate. “Thanks, Ba,” I say.
    • 2016, Astroglo DeCerveau, A Book of Good and Bad Things, Xlibris Corporation (→ISBN)
      To stir the whole, he used a chicken drum.
    • 2017, Daniel Young, Stuart Barnes, Tincture Journal Issue Eighteen (Winter 2017), Tincture Journal (→ISBN):
      When noon came the next day, the two guards came in with a plate of [] chicken drums and pork braised in soy sauce, plus some vegetables.

References[edit]

  • drum at OneLook Dictionary Search

Aromanian[edit]

Alternative forms[edit]

Etymology[edit]

Borrowed from Greek δρόμος (drómos, road, track). Compare Romanian drum.

Noun[edit]

drum n (plural drumuri)

  1. road

Synonyms[edit]

See also[edit]


Dutch[edit]

Etymology[edit]

Borrowed from English drum.

Pronunciation[edit]

Noun[edit]

drum m (plural drums, diminutive drummetje n)

  1. (music) drum, usually one belonging to a drum kit

Synonyms[edit]

Derived terms[edit]


German[edit]

Pronunciation[edit]

Adverb[edit]

drum

  1. Contraction of darum.

Further reading[edit]

  • drum” in Duden online

Romanian[edit]

Etymology[edit]

Borrowed from Greek δρόμος (drómos, road, track).

Noun[edit]

drum n (plural drumuri)

  1. road

Declension[edit]

Related terms[edit]

See also[edit]

References[edit]

Language in Danger Andrew Dalby, 2003

References[edit]


Serbo-Croatian[edit]

Etymology[edit]

Borrowed from Greek δρόμος (drómos, road, track).

Noun[edit]

drȕm m (Cyrillic spelling дру̏м)

  1. road

Declension[edit]