tympanum

Definition from Wiktionary, the free dictionary
Jump to navigation Jump to search

English[edit]

English Wikipedia has an article on:
Wikipedia

Etymology[edit]

Borrowed from Latin tympanum (a drum, timbrel, tambourine; the eardrum). Doublet of timbre and timpani.

Pronunciation[edit]

Noun[edit]

tympanum (plural tympanums or tympana)

  1. (archaic) a drum
  2. (anatomy, zootomy) Any of various anatomic structures in various animals with analogy to a drum head:
    1. (anatomy, zootomy) the eardrum (tympanic membrane, membrana tympanica).
    2. (anatomy, zootomy) the main portion of the middle ear: the tympanic cavity (cavitas tympani).
    3. (zootomy, entomology) a thin tense membrane covering the hearing organ on the leg or body of some insects, sometimes adapted (as in cicadas) for producing sound.
    4. (zootomy) a membranous resonator in a sound-producing organ in frogs and toads.
    5. (zootomy) (in certain birds) the labyrinth at the bottom of the windpipe.
  3. (architecture) a vertical recessed triangular space between the sides of a pediment, typically decorated
    1. the recessed triangular space within an arch, and above a lintel or a subordinate arch, spanning the opening below the arch
  4. (engineering) a drum-shaped wheel with spirally curved partitions by which water is raised to the axis when the wheel revolves with the lower part of the circumference submerged; used for raising water, as for irrigation

Derived terms[edit]

Translations[edit]

References[edit]


Latin[edit]

Etymology[edit]

Borrowed from Ancient Greek τῠ́μπᾰνον (túmpanon, a kettledrum, drum), from τῠ́πτω (túptō, to strike, beat, smite).

Pronunciation[edit]

Noun[edit]

tympanum n (genitive tympanī); second declension

  1. (literally, music) drum, timbrel, tambour, tambourine
    1. (figuratively) timbrel as a figure of something effeminate or enervating
  2. (transferred sense) (of things of a like shape):
    1. drum or wheel in machines for raising weights, in water organs, etc.
    2. (architecture):
      1. triangular area of a pediment
      2. panel of a door
      3. part of the clepsydra
        Synonym: phellos
Quote-alpha.png This entry needs quotations to illustrate usage. If you come across any interesting, durably archived quotes then please add them!

Inflection[edit]

Second-declension noun (neuter).

Case Singular Plural
Nominative tympanum tympana
Genitive tympanī tympanōrum
Dative tympanō tympanīs
Accusative tympanum tympana
Ablative tympanō tympanīs
Vocative tympanum tympana

Derived terms[edit]

Related terms[edit]

Descendants[edit]

Note: see τῠ́μπᾰνον (túmpanon) for later re-borrowings from Byzantine.

References[edit]


Norwegian Bokmål[edit]

Noun[edit]

tympanum n

  1. form removed with the spelling reform of 2005; superseded by tympanon