arch

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See also: ARCH, ärch, arch-, -arch, and arch.

English[edit]

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arch (3).

Pronunciation[edit]

Etymology 1[edit]

From Middle English arch, arche, from Old French arche (an arch) (French arche), a feminine form of arc, from Latin arcus (a bow, arc, arch).

Noun[edit]

arch (plural arches)

  1. An inverted U shape.
  2. An arch-shaped arrangement of trapezoidal stones, designed to redistribute downward force outward.
  3. (architecture) An architectural element having the shape of an arch
  4. Any place covered by an arch; an archway.
    to pass into the arch of a bridge
  5. (archaic, geometry) An arc; a part of a curve.
  6. A natural arch-shaped opening in a rock mass.
  7. (anatomy) Curved part of the bottom of a foot.
Derived terms[edit]
Terms derived from arch
Translations[edit]
The translations below need to be checked and inserted above into the appropriate translation tables, removing any numbers. Numbers do not necessarily match those in definitions. See instructions at Wiktionary:Entry layout § Translations.
References[edit]

Verb[edit]

arch (third-person singular simple present arches, present participle arching, simple past and past participle arched)

  1. To form into an arch shape
    The cat arched its back
  2. To cover with an arch or arches.
Translations[edit]

Etymology 2[edit]

From the prefix arch-. "Principal" is the original sense; "mischievous" is via onetime frequent collocation with rogue, knave, etc.

Adjective[edit]

arch (comparative archer, superlative archest)

  1. Knowing, clever, mischievous.
    I attempted to hide my emotions, but an arch remark escaped my lips.
  2. Principal; primary.
    They were arch enemies.
Derived terms[edit]
Translations[edit]

Noun[edit]

arch (plural arches)

  1. (obsolete) A chief.

Related terms[edit]

Further reading[edit]

Anagrams[edit]


Czech[edit]

Noun[edit]

arch m inan

  1. sheet (in printing)

Declension[edit]


Middle Dutch[edit]

Etymology 1[edit]

From Old Dutch *arg, from Proto-Germanic *argaz.

Adjective[edit]

arch

  1. bad, depraved
  2. wrong, evil
  3. shameful
  4. bad, worthless, of low quality
Inflection[edit]

This adjective needs an inflection-table template.

Alternative forms[edit]
Derived terms[edit]
Descendants[edit]
  • Dutch: arg, erg

Etymology 2[edit]

Substantive form of the adjective arch.

Noun[edit]

arch n

  1. evil
  2. disaster, misfortune
Inflection[edit]

This noun needs an inflection-table template.

Further reading[edit]


Middle English[edit]

Alternative forms[edit]

Etymology[edit]

From Old French arche.

Noun[edit]

arch (plural arches)

  1. arch
  2. arc

Descendants[edit]

References[edit]


Middle Welsh[edit]

Etymology[edit]

From the root of erchi (to request), from Proto-Celtic *ɸarsketi, from Proto-Indo-European *preḱ-.

Pronunciation[edit]

Noun[edit]

arch f

  1. request

Verb[edit]

arch

  1. second-person singular imperative of erchi

Mutation[edit]

Middle Welsh mutation
Radical Soft Nasal H-prothesis
arch unchanged unchanged harch
Note: Some of these forms may be hypothetical. Not every
possible mutated form of every word actually occurs.

Welsh[edit]

Pronunciation[edit]

Etymology 1[edit]

From Middle Welsh arch, from Proto-Brythonic *arx, from Latin arca.

Noun[edit]

arch f (plural eirch)

  1. (obsolete) chest, coffer
  2. coffin (box for the dead)
    • 2020 February 28, BBC Cymru Fyw[2]:
      Mae’r arddangosfa yn ymchwilio i’r modd y caiff y corff dynol ei gadw wedi marwolaeth. Penllanw deng mlynedd o waith yw’r casgliad o jariau claddu ac eirch carreg maint llawn.
      The exhibition explores the way in which the human body is preserved after daeth. The collection of burial jars full-size stone coffins is the culmination of ten years' work.
  3. ark (large boat with a flat bottom)
    • 1588, Y Beibl cyssegr-lan, Genesis 6:13, 14:
      A Duw a ddywedodd wrth Noa, Diwedd pob cnawd a ddaeth ger fy mron: oblegid llanwyd y ddaear â thrawsedd trwyddynt hwy: ac wele myfi a’u difethaf hwynt gyda’r ddaear. Gwna i ti arch o goed Goffer; yn gellau y gwnei yr arch, a phyga hi oddi mewn ac oddi allan â phyg.
      And God said unto Noah, The end of all flesh is come before me; for the earth is filled with violence through them; and, behold, I will destroy them with the earth. Make thee an ark of gopher wood; rooms shalt thou make in the ark, and shalt pitch it within and without with pitch.
Derived terms[edit]

Etymology 2[edit]

Back-formation from erchi (to seek, to ask for).

Noun[edit]

arch f (plural eirchion)

  1. request, command
Derived terms[edit]

Etymology 3[edit]

Inflected form of erchi (to seek, to ask for).

Verb[edit]

arch

  1. second-person singular imperative of erchi

Mutation[edit]

Welsh mutation
radical soft nasal h-prothesis
arch unchanged unchanged harch
Note: Some of these forms may be hypothetical. Not every
possible mutated form of every word actually occurs.

Further reading[edit]

  • R. J. Thomas, G. A. Bevan, P. J. Donovan, A. Hawke et al., editors (1950–present) , “arch”, in Geiriadur Prifysgol Cymru Online (in Welsh), University of Wales Centre for Advanced Welsh & Celtic Studies