English [ edit ]
Etymology [ edit ]
Middle English , commanden , commaunden , comaunden , from comanden Old French (modern French comander ), from commander Vulgar Latin , from *commandare Latin , from commendare + com- , from mandare mandō ( “ I order, command ” ). Compare (a doublet), and commend .
Pronunciation [ edit ]
command ( , countable and uncountable plural )
order to do something.
I was given a command to cease shooting. The
right or authority to order, control or dispose of; the right to be obeyed or to compel obedience.
to have command of an army
1822, Alden Bradford, History of Massachusetts ..., Richardson and Lord, page 41: GAGE, at that time, had command of troops near the lakes; and fearing an attack from the Indians, had called for some new recruits from Massachusetts; but the Assembly judged them not necessary. 2013, Barry Strauss, Masters of Command: Alexander, Hannibal, Caesar, and the Genius of ..., Simon and Schuster, , →ISBN page 68: It wasn't a decisive operation, and Carthage still had command of Spain. power of control, direction or disposal;
he had command of the situation
England has long held command of the sea a good command of language 1985, Peter Iverson, The Plains Indians of the Twentieth Century, University of Oklahoma Press, , →ISBN page 93: The Indians had command of the lands and the waters — command of all their beneficial use, whether kept for hunting, 'and grazing roving herds of stock,' or turned to agriculture and the arts of civilization. A position of chief authority; a position involving the right or power to order or control.
General Smith was placed in command. The act of
commanding; exercise or authority of influence.
(Can we , date this quote by H. Spencer and provide title, author’s full name, and other details?) Social Statics, p. 180
Command cannot be otherwise than savage, for it implies an appeal to force, should force be needful.
( military ) A body or troops, or any naval or military force, under the control of a particular officer; by extension, any object or body in someone's charge.
1899 February, Joseph Conrad, “ The Heart of Darkness”, in , volume CLXV, number M, New York, N.Y.: The Leonard Scott Publishing Company, Blackwood’s Edinburgh Magazine [ … ] , , part I: OCLC 1042815524 I asked myself what I was to do there, now my boat was lost. As a matter of fact, I had plenty to do in fishing my command out of the river. Dominating situation; range or control or oversight; extent of view or outlook.
( computing ) A directive to a computer program acting as an interpreter of some kind, in order to perform a specific task. ( baseball ) The degree of control a pitcher has over his pitches.
He's got good command tonight.
Translations [ edit ]
, bevel , opdrag gebod Arabic:
أَمْر (ar) m ( ʾamr )
Egyptian Arabic: امر m ( amr ) Armenian:
հրաման (hy) ( hraman ) Aromanian:
dimãndari , f dimãndare f Basque:
, agindu men Belarusian:
зага́д m ( zahád ), кама́нда f ( kamánda ) Bulgarian:
заповед (bg) f ( zapoved ), нареждане (bg) n ( nareždane ) Burmese:
please add this translation if you can Catalan:
ordre (ca) , f manat (ca) m Chinese:
Mandarin: 命令 (zh) ( mìnglìng ) Czech:
příkaz (cs) , m rozkaz (cs) , m povel m Dutch:
opdracht (nl) , c bevel (nl) n Egyptian: (
) wḏ Esperanto:
käsky , (fi) komento (fi) French:
m Old French: comandement m Galician:
orde f Georgian:
ბრძანება ( brʒaneba ), განკარგულება ( ganḳarguleba ) German:
Befehl (de) , m Kommando (de) n Greek:
εντολή (el) f ( entolí )
Ancient: ἐντολή f ( entolḗ ), κέλευσμα n ( kéleusma ) Hebrew:
פְּקֻדּה (he) f ( pquda ), מִצְוָה (he) f Hungarian:
parancs (hu) Irish:
tiomnú m Italian:
comando (it) , m ordine (it) m Japanese: 命令 (ja) ( めいれい, meirei )
please add this translation if you can Korean:
명령 (ko) ( myeongnyeong ) ( 命令 ) (ko) Kurdish:
Sorani: فەرمان ( ferman ) Latin:
ēdictum , n iussus (la) , m mandātum n Latvian:
pavēle f Lithuanian:
please add this translation if you can Macedonian:
наредба f ( naredba ), заповед m ( zapoved ), команда f ( komanda ) Mongolian:
please add this translation if you can Old English:
bebod , n hǣs f Old French:
comandement m Persian:
فرمان (fa) ( farmân ), اُرد (fa) ( ord ), دستور (fa) ( dastur ) Polish:
rozkaz (pl) , m komenda (pl) f Portuguese:
comando (pt) , m ordem (pt) f Russian:
прика́з (ru) m ( prikáz ), кома́нда (ru) f ( kománda ) Scottish Gaelic:
òrdugh m Serbo-Croatian:
Roman: zȁpovijēd (sh) , f zȁpovēd , f komanda , (sh) naredba (sh) Spanish:
orden (es) , f mandato (es) m Swedish:
order (sv) , c kommando (sv) n Tagalog:
utos , (tl) kautusan Telugu:
ఆజ్ఞ (te) ( ājña ), ఉత్తరువు (te) ( uttaruvu ), ఆనతి (te) ( ānati ) Thai:
สั่ง (th) ( sàng ) Turkish:
emir , (tr) komut (tr) Ukrainian:
нака́з m ( nakáz ), кома́нда f ( kománda ) Vietnamese: mệnh lệnh (vi)
power of control, direction or disposal; mastery
unit of military personnel
computing: directive to a computer program
References [ edit ]
command ( third-person singular simple present , commands present participle , commanding simple past and past participle )
( transitive, intransitive ) To order, give orders; to compel or direct with authority.
The soldier was commanded to cease firing. The king commanded his servant to bring him dinner.
1625, Francis Bacon,
Of Revenge We are commanded to forgive our enemies, but you never read that we are commanded to forgive our friends. c. 1590–1592, William Shakespeare, “ The Taming of the Shrew”, in Mr. William Shakespeares Comedies, Histories, & Tragedies: Published According to the True Originall Copies ( First Folio), London: Printed by Isaac Iaggard, and Ed[ward] Blount, published 1623, , [Act V, scene ii]: OCLC 606515358 Go to your mistress: / Say, I command her come to me.
( transitive, intransitive ) To have or exercise supreme power, control or authority over, especially military; to have under direction or control.
to command an army or a ship
1849–1861, Thomas Babington Macaulay, chapter 2, in , volume The History of England from the Accession of James the Second (please specify |volume=I, II, III, IV, or V), London: Longman, Brown, Green, and Longmans, : OCLC 1069526323 Monmouth commanded the English auxiliaries. 1591, William Shakespeare, “ The Second Part of Henry the Sixt,”, in [ … ] Mr. William Shakespeares Comedies, Histories, & Tragedies: Published According to the True Originall Copies ( First Folio), London: Printed by Isaac Iaggard, and Ed[ward] Blount, published 1623, , [Act IV, scene v]: OCLC 606515358 Such aid as I can spare you shall command.
( transitive ) To require with authority; to demand, order, enjoin.
he commanded silence
2013, Louise Taylor, English talent gets left behind as Premier League keeps importing (in The Guardian, 20 August 2013) 
The reasons for this growing disconnect are myriad and complex but the situation is exacerbated by the reality that those English players who do smash through our game's "glass ceiling" command radically inflated transfer fees.
( transitive ) to dominate through ability, resources, position etc.; to overlook.
Bridges (Motley.) commanded by a fortified house.
( transitive ) To exact, compel or secure by influence; to deserve, claim.
A good magistrate commands the respect and affections of the people.
Justice commands the respect and affections of the people.
The best goods command the best price. This job commands a salary of £30,000.
( transitive ) To hold, to control the use of.
The fort commanded the bay.
date this quote by Motley and provide title, author’s full name, and other details?) bridges commanded by a fortified house
c. 1602, William Shakespeare, “ The Tragedie of Troylus and Cressida”, in Mr. William Shakespeares Comedies, Histories, & Tragedies: Published According to the True Originall Copies ( First Folio), London: Printed by Isaac Iaggard, and Ed[ward] Blount, published 1623, , [Act I, scene ii]: OCLC 606515358 Up to the eastern tower, / Whose height commands as subject all the vale.
December 1699, Joseph Addison, letter to William Congreve
One [side] commands a view of the finest garden. 1834, The Hobart Town Magazine (volume 2, page 323)
[… ] they made considerable progress in the art of embalming the wild fruits of their native land, so that they might command cranberries and hindberries at all times and seasons.
( intransitive , archaic ) To have a view, as from a superior position.
1667, John Milton, “Book 3”, in , London: Printed [by Paradise Lost. A Poem Written in Ten Books Samuel Simmons], and are to be sold by Peter Parker [ … ] [a]nd by Robert Boulter [ … ] [a]nd Matthias Walker, [ … ] , ; republished as OCLC 228722708 Paradise Lost in Ten Books: The Text Exactly Reproduced from the First Edition of 1667:, London: Basil Montagu Pickering [ … ] [ … ] , 1873, : OCLC 230729554 Farr and wide his eye commands. ( obsolete ) To direct to come; to bestow.
Synonyms [ edit ]
Translations [ edit ]
أَمَرَ (ar) ( ʾamara ) Armenian:
հրամայել (hy) ( hramayel ) Bulgarian:
заповядвам (bg) ( zapovjadvam ), командвам (bg) ( komandvam ) Catalan:
ordenar , (ca) manar (ca) Chinese:
Min Nan: 发令 ( [[huat 4-ling 7]] ) Czech:
, přikázat , nařídit rozkázat Dutch:
bevelen , (nl) commanderen (nl) Esperanto:
komandi (eo) Estonian:
käskeä , (fi) komentaa (fi) French:
commander , (fr) ordonner
(fr) Old French: comander Friulian:
, comandâ ordenâ German:
befehlen , (de) kommandieren , (de) gebieten (de) ( archaic ) Greek:
διατάζω (el) ( diatázo )
Ancient: ἐντέλλομαι ( entéllomai ), ἐπιτέλλω ( epitéllō ), κελεύω ( keleúō ), ἐπιτάσσω ( epitássō ), ( Epic ) ἄνωγα ( ánōga ) Italian: ordinare , (it) comandare (it)
Derived terms [ edit ]
Terms derived from the noun or verb
References [ edit ]