tono

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See also: tonò, tönö, tono-, and to'no

Ama

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Pronunciation

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Noun

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tono

  1. skin

Cebuano

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Etymology

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Borrowed from Spanish tono, learned borrowing from Latin tonus, from Ancient Greek τόνος (tónos).

Pronunciation

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  • Hyphenation: to‧no
  • IPA(key): /ˈtono/ [ˈt̪o.n̪o]

Noun

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tono

  1. tune
  2. tone; pitch

Derived terms

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Esperanto

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Etymology

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Borrowed from German Ton, Russian тон (ton), French ton, Polish ton, English tone and Italian tono.

Pronunciation

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  • Audio:(file)
  • IPA(key): [ˈtono]
  • Rhymes: -ono
  • Hyphenation: to‧no

Noun

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tono (accusative singular tonon, plural tonoj, accusative plural tonojn)

  1. tone

Italian

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Etymology

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Borrowed from Latin tonus, from Ancient Greek τόνος (tónos). Doublet of tuono.

Pronunciation

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  • IPA(key): /ˈtɔ.no/
  • Rhymes: -ɔno
  • Hyphenation: tò‧no

Noun

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tono m (plural toni)

  1. tone (all senses)
  2. shade (of colour/color)

See also

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Anagrams

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Japanese

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Romanization

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tono

  1. Rōmaji transcription of との

Latin

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Etymology

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From Proto-Italic *tonaō, from Proto-Indo-European *(s)tenh₂- (to thunder), replacing the likely earlier form tonere (thunder). One of few Latin verbs (as domō) only classed in the 1st conj. by the action of sound laws. Cognate with Old Norse Þórr (Thor), English thunder.

PIE root likely related to Proto-Indo-European *(s)ten- (to sigh, groan), Ancient Greek στένω (sténō, to moan, sigh, groan), German stöhnen (to groan, moan), Russian стена́ть (stenátʹ, to moan, groan).

Different root and not demonstrably related to Proto-Indo-European *ten- (stretch), whence Ancient Greek τείνω (teínō, to stretch), τόνος (tónos, chord, tone, tension) and (with an extension) Latin tendere (to stretch). Unrelated to Latin tonus (stretching, tone), a borrowing from Ancient Greek.

Pronunciation

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Verb

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tonō (present infinitive tonāre, perfect active tonuī, supine tonitum); first conjugation

  1. to thunder
  2. to speak thunderously, make a loud, thundering noise
    Synonyms: conclāmō, clāmō, vōcificō, vōciferor, clāmitō, inclāmō
  3. to resound like thunder

Conjugation

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   Conjugation of tonō (first conjugation)
indicative singular plural
first second third first second third
active present tonō tonās tonat tonāmus tonātis tonant
imperfect tonābam tonābās tonābat tonābāmus tonābātis tonābant
future tonābō tonābis tonābit tonābimus tonābitis tonābunt
perfect tonuī tonuistī tonuit tonuimus tonuistis tonuērunt,
tonuēre
pluperfect tonueram tonuerās tonuerat tonuerāmus tonuerātis tonuerant
future perfect tonuerō tonueris tonuerit tonuerimus tonueritis tonuerint
passive present tonor tonāris,
tonāre
tonātur tonāmur tonāminī tonantur
imperfect tonābar tonābāris,
tonābāre
tonābātur tonābāmur tonābāminī tonābantur
future tonābor tonāberis,
tonābere
tonābitur tonābimur tonābiminī tonābuntur
perfect tonitus + present active indicative of sum
pluperfect tonitus + imperfect active indicative of sum
future perfect tonitus + future active indicative of sum
subjunctive singular plural
first second third first second third
active present tonem tonēs tonet tonēmus tonētis tonent
imperfect tonārem tonārēs tonāret tonārēmus tonārētis tonārent
perfect tonuerim tonuerīs tonuerit tonuerīmus tonuerītis tonuerint
pluperfect tonuissem tonuissēs tonuisset tonuissēmus tonuissētis tonuissent
passive present toner tonēris,
tonēre
tonētur tonēmur tonēminī tonentur
imperfect tonārer tonārēris,
tonārēre
tonārētur tonārēmur tonārēminī tonārentur
perfect tonitus + present active subjunctive of sum
pluperfect tonitus + imperfect active subjunctive of sum
imperative singular plural
first second third first second third
active present tonā tonāte
future tonātō tonātō tonātōte tonantō
passive present tonāre tonāminī
future tonātor tonātor tonantor
non-finite forms active passive
present perfect future present perfect future
infinitives tonāre tonuisse tonitūrum esse tonārī tonitum esse tonitum īrī
participles tonāns tonitūrus tonitus tonandus
verbal nouns gerund supine
genitive dative accusative ablative accusative ablative
tonandī tonandō tonandum tonandō tonitum tonitū

Derived terms

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Descendants

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See also

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References

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  • tono”, in Charlton T. Lewis and Charles Short (1879) A Latin Dictionary, Oxford: Clarendon Press
  • tono”, in Charlton T. Lewis (1891) An Elementary Latin Dictionary, New York: Harper & Brothers
  • tono in Gaffiot, Félix (1934) Dictionnaire illustré latin-français, Hachette.
  • De Vaan, Michiel (2008) “tonō”, in Etymological Dictionary of Latin and the other Italic Languages (Leiden Indo-European Etymological Dictionary Series; 7), Leiden, Boston: Brill, →ISBN, page 623
  • Walde, Alois, Hofmann, Johann Baptist (1954) “tono”, in Lateinisches etymologisches Wörterbuch (in German), 3rd edition, volume 2, Heidelberg: Carl Winter, page 690

Madurese

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Etymology

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From Proto-Malayo-Polynesian *tunu, from Proto-Austronesian *CuNuh.

Verb

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tono

  1. to roast; to grill

Derived terms

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References

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  • Muhri, S.Pd., M.A (2016) Kamus Madura–Indonesia Kontemporer [Contemporary Madurese-Indonesian Dictionary] (in Indonesian), 6th edition, Bangkalan: Yayasan Ar-Raudlah Bangkalan, →ISBN, page 229

Malagasy

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Etymology

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From Proto-Malayo-Polynesian *tunu, from Proto-Austronesian *CuNuh.

Noun

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tono

  1. the act of broiling

Derived terms

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References

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  • tono in Malagasy dictionaries at malagasyword.org

Spanish

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Alternative forms

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  • ton (apocopic variant, probably influenced by son)

Etymology

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Borrowed from Latin tonus; compare Portuguese tom. Cognate with English tone and tune.

Pronunciation

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  • IPA(key): /ˈtono/ [ˈt̪o.no]
  • Rhymes: -ono
  • Syllabification: to‧no

Noun

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tono m (plural tonos)

  1. tone

Derived terms

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Descendants

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See also

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Further reading

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Tagalog

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Etymology

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Borrowed from Spanish tono.

Pronunciation

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Noun

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tono (Baybayin spelling ᜆᜓᜈᜓ)

  1. (music) tone (specific pitch)
    Synonym: tunog
  2. (music) tune; melody
    Synonyms: tugtugin, himig
  3. accent; tone (in one's speech or dialect)
    Synonyms: punto, estilo
  4. (literature) tone (manner in which speech or writing is expressed)
  5. (linguistics) tone (pitch of a word that distinguishes meaning)
  6. (photography) tone (favorable combination of lights in a picture)
  7. (phsiology) tone (definition and firmness of a muscle)
  8. (colloquial) act of making an effort to be compatible with someone
    Synonym: pakikibagay

Derived terms

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Ternate

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Pronunciation

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Verb

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tono (Jawi تونو)

  1. (transitive) to soak

Conjugation

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Conjugation of tono
Singular Plural
Inclusive Exclusive
1st totono fotono mitono
2nd notono nitono
3rd Masculine otono itono, yotono
Feminine motono
Neuter itono
- archaic

References

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  • Frederik Sigismund Alexander de Clercq (1890) Bijdragen tot de kennis der Residentie Ternate, E.J. Brill
  • Rika Hayami-Allen (2001) A descriptive study of the language of Ternate, the northern Moluccas, Indonesia, University of Pittsburgh