thunder

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See also: thundër

English[edit]

Etymology[edit]

From Middle English thunder, thonder, thundre, thonre, thunnere, þunre, from Old English þunor (thunder), from Proto-Germanic *þunraz, from Proto-Indo-European *(s)ten-, *(s)tenh₂- (to thunder). Compare astound, astonish, stun. Germanic cognates include West Frisian tonger, Dutch donder, German Donner, Old Norse Þórr (English Thor), Danish torden. Other cognates include Persian تندر (tondar), Latin tonō, detonō, Ancient Greek στένω (sténō), στενάζω (stenázō), στόνος (stónos), Στέντωρ (Sténtōr), Irish torann, Welsh taran, Gaulish Taranis.

Pronunciation[edit]

Noun[edit]

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thunder (countable and uncountable, plural thunders)

  1. The sound caused by the discharge of atmospheric electrical charge.
    Thunder is preceded by lightning.
  2. A sound resembling thunder; especially, one produced by a jet airplane in flight.
  3. A deep, rumbling noise.
    Off in the distance, he heard the thunder of hoofbeats, signalling a stampede.
  4. An alarming or startling threat or denunciation.
    • Prescott
      The thunders of the Vatican could no longer strike into the heart of princes.
  5. (obsolete) The discharge of electricity; a thunderbolt.
    • Shakespeare
      The revenging gods / 'Gainst parricides did all their thunders bend.
  6. (figuratively) The spotlight.
    Shortly after I announced my pregnancy, he stole my thunder with his news of landing his dream job.

Usage notes[edit]

  • roll, clap, peal are some of the words used to count thunder.

Derived terms[edit]

Translations[edit]

The translations below need to be checked and inserted above into the appropriate translation tables, removing any numbers. Numbers do not necessarily match those in definitions. See instructions at Wiktionary:Entry layout#Translations.

See also[edit]

Verb[edit]

thunder (third-person singular simple present thunders, present participle thundering, simple past and past participle thundered)

  1. To produce thunder; to sound, rattle, or roar, as a discharge of atmospheric electricity; often used impersonally.
    It thundered continuously.
  2. (intransitive) To make a noise like thunder.
    The train thundered along the tracks.
  3. (intransitive) To talk with a loud, threatening voice.
  4. (transitive) To say (something) with a loud, threatening voice.
    "Get back to work at once!", he thundered.
  5. To produce something with incredible power
    • 2011 January 19, Jonathan Stevenson, “Leeds 1 - 3 Arsenal”, in BBC[1]:
      Just as it appeared Arsenal had taken the sting out of the tie, Johnson produced a moment of outrageous quality, thundering a bullet of a left foot shot out of the blue and into the top left-hand corner of Wojciech Szczesny's net with the Pole grasping at thin air.

Derived terms[edit]

  • (to say something with a loud, threatening voice): thunderer

Translations[edit]

The translations below need to be checked and inserted above into the appropriate translation tables, removing any numbers. Numbers do not necessarily match those in definitions. See instructions at Wiktionary:Entry layout#Translations.

See also[edit]