ajak

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See also: Ajak

English[edit]

Alternative forms[edit]

Etymology[edit]

ajak

From Indonesian ajak, from Malay ajak.

Noun[edit]

ajak (plural ajaks)

  1. (Indonesia) The dhole (Cuon alpinus).
    • 1991, Bill Dalton, Indonesia Handbook, p. 374:
      Indonesia where the ajak, the handsome, rufous, bushy-tailed wild dog (a subspecies of the Indian dhole) still thrives.
    • 2015, Labodalih Sembiring, translating Eka Kurniawan, Man Tiger, Verso 2015, p. 7:
      They didn't want the hogs to die, because they would later throw them into battle with the ajaks, in a public spectacle at the end of the hunting season.

Greenlandic[edit]

Noun[edit]

ajak (plural ajaat)

  1. Alternative form of aja

Declension[edit]

References[edit]


Hungarian[edit]

Alternative forms[edit]

  • ajk (archaic, literary)

Etymology[edit]

From the obsolete aj (valley; opening) +‎ -k (diminutive suffix), from Proto-Uralic *aŋe (opening, incision, deepening).[1][2][3] Alternatively, possible cognate of Yakut айах (ayax, mouth).[4]

Pronunciation[edit]

  • IPA(key): [ˈɒjɒk]
  • (file)
  • Hyphenation: ajak
  • Rhymes: -ɒk

Noun[edit]

ajak (plural ajkak)

  1. (anatomy) lip (either of the two fleshy protrusions around the opening of the mouth)
    • 1825, Mihály Vörösmarty, Zalán futása,[1] canto 1, lines 5–6, translation by Watson Kirkconnell and Adam Makkai:
      Hol vagyon, aki merész ajakát hadi dalnak eresztvén, / A riadó vak mélységet fölverje szavával, []
      Where is the one who, with lips all bold, could thunder a war-song / rousing the gloom of the deep and unsighty abysses, []
  2. (anatomy) labium (one of the two pairs of folds of skin either side of the vulva)

Declension[edit]

Inflection (stem in -a-, back harmony)
singular plural
nominative ajak ajkak
accusative ajkat ajkakat
dative ajaknak ajkaknak
instrumental ajakkal ajkakkal
causal-final ajakért ajkakért
translative ajakká ajkakká
terminative ajakig ajkakig
essive-formal ajakként ajkakként
essive-modal
inessive ajakban ajkakban
superessive ajkon ajkakon
adessive ajaknál ajkaknál
illative ajakba ajkakba
sublative ajakra ajkakra
allative ajakhoz ajkakhoz
elative ajakból ajkakból
delative ajakról ajkakról
ablative ajaktól ajkaktól
non-attributive
possessive - singular
ajaké ajkaké
non-attributive
possessive - plural
ajakéi ajkakéi
Possessive forms of ajak
possessor single possession multiple possessions
1st person sing. ajkam ajkaim
2nd person sing. ajkad ajkaid
3rd person sing. ajka ajkai
1st person plural ajkunk ajkaink
2nd person plural ajkatok ajkaitok
3rd person plural ajkuk ajkaik

Derived terms[edit]

(Compound words):

References[edit]

  1. ^ Entry #17 in Uralonet, online Uralic etymological database of the Research Institute for Linguistics, Hungary.
  2. ^ ajak in Tótfalusi, István. Magyar etimológiai nagyszótár (’Hungarian Comprehensive Dictionary of Etymology’). Budapest: Arcanum Adatbázis, 2001; Arcanum DVD Könyvtár →ISBN
  3. ^ ajak in Zaicz, Gábor (ed.). Etimológiai szótár: Magyar szavak és toldalékok eredete (’Dictionary of Etymology: The origin of Hungarian words and affixes’). Budapest: Tinta Könyvkiadó, 2006, →ISBN.  (See also its 2nd edition.)
  4. ^ Martti Räsänen (1969) Versuch Eines Etymologischen Wörterbuch der Türksprachen, page 11

Further reading[edit]

  • ajak in Bárczi, Géza and László Országh. A magyar nyelv értelmező szótára (’The Explanatory Dictionary of the Hungarian Language’). Budapest: Akadémiai Kiadó, 1959–1962. Fifth ed., 1992: →ISBN
  • ajak in Ittzés, Nóra (ed.). A magyar nyelv nagyszótára (’A Comprehensive Dictionary of the Hungarian Language’). Budapest: Akadémiai Kiadó, 2006–2031 (work in progress; published A–ez as of 2022)

Indonesian[edit]

Pronunciation[edit]

  • IPA(key): [ˈad͡ʒak̚]
  • Hyphenation: ajak

Etymology 1[edit]

From Malay ajak, from Classical Malay اجق(ajak), from Proto-Malayic *ajak, from Proto-Malayo-Chamic *ajak, from Proto-Malayo-Sumbawan *ajak, from (Western) Proto-Malayo-Polynesian *azak.

Verb[edit]

ajak (base-imperative ajak, active mengajak, passive diajak)

  1. to invite (ask for the presence or participation of someone)

Noun[edit]

ajak (first-person possessive ajakku, second-person possessive ajakmu, third-person possessive ajaknya)

  1. (colloquial) alternative form of ajakan (invitation).

Conjugation[edit]

Conjugation of ajak (meng-, intransitive)
Root ajak
Active Involuntary Passive Imperative Jussive
Active mengajak terajak diajak ajak ajaklah
Locative mengajaki terajaki diajaki ajaki ajakilah
Causative / Applicative1 mengajakkan terajakkan diajakkan ajakkan ajakkanlah
Causative
Active memperajak terperajak diperajak perajak perajaklah
Locative memperajaki terperajaki diperajaki perajaki perajakilah
Causative / Applicative1 memperajakkan terperajakkan diperajakkan perajakkan perajakkanlah
1The -kan row is either causative or applicative, with transitive roots it mostly has applicative meaning.
Note: Some of these forms do normally not exist or are seldom used in standard Indonesian. Some also change meaning.

Etymology 2[edit]

Indonesian Wikipedia has an article on:
Wikipedia id
ajak

From Malay ajak, from Classical Malay اجق(ajak).

Noun[edit]

ajak (first-person possessive ajakku, second-person possessive ajakmu, third-person possessive ajaknya)

  1. dhole (Cuon alpinus)
Derived terms[edit]
Descendants[edit]
  • English: ajak

Etymology 3[edit]

From Minangkabau [Term?].

Adjective[edit]

ajak

  1. (dialect) similar
    Synonyms: serupa, seperti
Derived terms[edit]

Etymology 4[edit]

From Banjarese [Term?].

Adjective[edit]

ajak

  1. (dialect) defeated
    Synonym: kalah

Further reading[edit]


Kott[edit]

Etymology[edit]

From Proto-Yeniseian *ʔaj(a)k (˜x-,-g).

Noun[edit]

ajak

  1. thunder

Malay[edit]

Alternative forms[edit]

Etymology[edit]

From Proto-Malayic *ajak, from Proto-Malayo-Chamic *ajak, from Proto-Malayo-Sumbawan *ajak, from (Western) Proto-Malayo-Polynesian *azak.

Pronunciation[edit]

Noun[edit]

ajak (Jawi spelling اجق‎, plural ajak-ajak, informal 1st possessive ajakku, 2nd possessive ajakmu, 3rd possessive ajaknya)

  1. invitation
  2. the dhole

Verb[edit]

ajak (Jawi spelling اجق‎)

  1. to invite (ask for the presence or participation of someone)

Sundanese[edit]

Romanization[edit]

ajak

  1. Romanization of ᮃᮏᮊ᮪