ajak

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English[edit]

Noun[edit]

ajak (plural ajaks)

  1. (Indonesia) The dhole, (Cuon alpinus).
    • 1991, Bill Dalton, Indonesia Handbook, p. 374:
      Indonesia where the ajak, the handsome, rufous, bushy-tailed wild dog (a subspecies of the Indian dhole) still thrives.
    • 2015, Labodalih Sembiring, translating Eka Kurniawan, Man Tiger, Verso 2015, p. 7:
      They didn't want the hogs to die, because they would later throw them into battle with the ajaks, in a public spectacle at the end of the hunting season.

Greenlandic[edit]

Noun[edit]

ajak (plural ajaat)

  1. Alternative form of aja

References[edit]


Hungarian[edit]

Alternative forms[edit]

  • ajk (archaic, literary)

Etymology[edit]

From the obsolete aj (valley; opening) +‎ -k (diminutive suffix), from Proto-Uralic *aŋe (opening, incision, deepening).[1][2][3] Alternatively, possible cognate of Yakut айах (ayax, mouth).[4]

Pronunciation[edit]

  • IPA(key): [ˈɒjɒk]
  • (file)
  • Hyphenation: ajak
  • Rhymes: -ɒk

Noun[edit]

ajak (plural ajkak)

  1. (anatomy) lip (either of the two fleshy protrusions around the opening of the mouth)
    • 1825, Mihály Vörösmarty, Zalán futása,[1] canto 1, lines 5–6, translation by Watson Kirkconnell and Adam Makkai:
      Hol vagyon, aki merész ajakát hadi dalnak eresztvén, / A riadó vak mélységet fölverje szavával, []
      Where is the one who, with lips all bold, could thunder a war-song / rousing the gloom of the deep and unsighty abysses, []
  2. (anatomy) labium (one of the two pairs of folds of skin either side of the vulva)

Declension[edit]

Inflection (stem in -a-, back harmony)
singular plural
nominative ajak ajkak
accusative ajkat ajkakat
dative ajaknak ajkaknak
instrumental ajakkal ajkakkal
causal-final ajakért ajkakért
translative ajakká ajkakká
terminative ajakig ajkakig
essive-formal ajakként ajkakként
essive-modal
inessive ajakban ajkakban
superessive ajkon ajkakon
adessive ajaknál ajkaknál
illative ajakba ajkakba
sublative ajakra ajkakra
allative ajakhoz ajkakhoz
elative ajakból ajkakból
delative ajakról ajkakról
ablative ajaktól ajkaktól
non-attributive
possessive - singular
ajaké ajkaké
non-attributive
possessive - plural
ajakéi ajkakéi
Possessive forms of ajak
possessor single possession multiple possessions
1st person sing. ajkam ajkaim
2nd person sing. ajkad ajkaid
3rd person sing. ajka ajkai
1st person plural ajkunk ajkaink
2nd person plural ajkatok ajkaitok
3rd person plural ajkuk ajkaik

Derived terms[edit]

(Compound words):

References[edit]

  1. ^ Entry #17 in Uralonet, online Uralic etymological database of the Research Institute for Linguistics, Hungary. Internet Archive
  2. ^ ajak in Tótfalusi, István: Magyar etimológiai nagyszótár (’Hungarian Comprehensive Dictionary of Etymology’). Budapest: Arcanum Adatbázis, 2001; Arcanum DVD Könyvtár →ISBN
  3. ^ Zaicz, Gábor. Etimológiai szótár: Magyar szavak és toldalékok eredete (’Dictionary of Etymology: The origin of Hungarian words and affixes’). Budapest: Tinta Könyvkiadó, 2006, →ISBN   (See also its second, revised, expanded edition published in 2021: →ISBN)
  4. ^ Martti Räsänen (1969) Versuch Eines Etymologischen Wörterbuch der Türksprachen, page 11

Further reading[edit]

  • ajak in Bárczi, Géza and László Országh: A magyar nyelv értelmező szótára (’The Explanatory Dictionary of the Hungarian Language’). Budapest: Akadémiai Kiadó, 1959–1962. Fifth ed., 1992: →ISBN
  • ajak in Ittzés, Nóra (ed.). A magyar nyelv nagyszótára (’A Comprehensive Dictionary of the Hungarian Language’). Budapest: Akadémiai Kiadó, 2006–2031 (work in progress; published A–ez as of 2021)

Indonesian[edit]

Indonesian Wikipedia has an article on:
Wikipedia id

Etymology 1[edit]

From Malay ajak, from Proto-Malayic *ajak, from Proto-Malayo-Chamic *ajak, from Proto-Malayo-Sumbawan *ajak, from (Western) Proto-Malayo-Polynesian *azak.

Verb[edit]

ajak (used in the form mengajak)

  1. to invite (ask for the presence or participation of someone)

Conjugation[edit]

Conjugation of ajak (meng-, intransitive)
Root ajak
Habitual Accidental Patient focus Root imperative Jussive
Actor mengajak terajak diajak ajak ajaklah
Causative memperajak terperajak diperajak perajak perajaklah
Locative mengajaki terajaki diajaki ajaki ajakilah
Benefactive mengajakkan terajakkan diajakkan ajakkan ajakkanlah
Compound voices
Causative + Locative memperajaki terperajaki diperajaki perajaki perajakilah
Causative + Benefactive memperajakkan terperajakkan diperajakkan perajakkan perajakkanlah
Note: Some of them are normally not exist in standard Indonesian. Some also change meaning.

Etymology 2[edit]

Noun[edit]

ajak (first-person possessive ajakku, second-person possessive ajakmu, third-person possessive ajaknya)

  1. dhole (Asian Wild Dog)
  2. invitation

Kott[edit]

Etymology[edit]

From Proto-Yeniseian *ʔaj(a)k (˜x-,-g).

Noun[edit]

ajak

  1. thunder

Malay[edit]

Alternative forms[edit]

Etymology[edit]

From Proto-Malayic *ajak, from Proto-Malayo-Chamic *ajak, from Proto-Malayo-Sumbawan *ajak, from (Western) Proto-Malayo-Polynesian *azak.

Pronunciation[edit]

Noun[edit]

ajak (Jawi spelling اجق‎, plural ajak-ajak, informal 1st possessive ajakku, impolite 2nd possessive ajakmu, 3rd possessive ajaknya)

  1. invitation
  2. the dhole

Verb[edit]

ajak (Jawi spelling اجق‎)

  1. to invite (ask for the presence or participation of someone)

Derived terms[edit]


Sundanese[edit]

Romanization[edit]

ajak

  1. Romanization of ᮃᮏᮊ᮪