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Translingual[edit]

Alternative forms[edit]

Etymology[edit]

Phono-semantic compound (形聲): semantic  ‎(rain) + phonetic  ‎(abbreviation of ); see .

Han character[edit]

(radical 173 +5, 13 strokes, cangjie input 一月田 (MBW), four-corner 10603, composition)

References[edit]

  • KangXi: page 1372, character 14
  • Dai Kanwa Jiten: character 42245
  • Dae Jaweon: page 1881, character 3
  • Hanyu Da Zidian: volume 6, page 4060, character 2
  • Unihan data for U+96F7

Chinese[edit]

-
simp. and trad.

Pronunciation[edit]


Middle Chinese pronunciation (, reconstructed)
Character (雷), Pronunciation 1/1

Initial: 來 (37)
Final: 灰
Division: I

Openness: Closed
Tone: Level (Ø)

Fanqie: 魯回切
Zhengzhang
Shangfang
Bernard
Karlgren
Li
Rong
Pan
Wuyun
Edwin
Pulleyblank
Wang
Li
Shao
Rongfen
/luʌi/ /luɑ̆i/ /luᴀi/ /luoi/ /lwəj/ /luɒi/ /luɒi/
Old Chinese pronunciation (, reconstructed)
Baxter-Sagart system 1.1 (2014)
Character Modern Beijing
(Pinyin)
Middle Chinese Old Chinese English
léi ‹ lwoj › /*C.rˤuj/ thunder

Notes for Old Chinese notations in the Baxter-Sagart system:

  • Parentheses "()" indicate uncertain presence;
  • Square brackets "[]" indicate uncertain identity, e.g. *[t] as coda may in fact be *-t or *-p;
  • Angle brackets "<>" indicate infix;
  • Hyphen "-" indicates morpheme boundary;
  • Period "." indicates syllable boundary.
Zhengzhang system (2003)
Character No. Phonetic
component
Rime
group
Rime
subdivision
Corresponding
MC rime
Old Chinese Notes
7707 2 /*ruːl/

Definitions[edit]

  1. thunder
  2. (military) mine
  3. A surname​.

Compounds[edit]


Japanese[edit]

Kanji[edit]

(common “Jōyō” kanji)

Readings[edit]

Compounds[edit]

Etymology 1[edit]

Japanese Wikipedia has an article on:
Wikipedia ja
Wikipedia has an article on:
Wikipedia
Wikipedia has an article on:
Wikipedia
(kaminari, kannari, ikazuchi, narukami, rai): thunder and lightning.
Kanji in this term
かみなり
Grade: S
kun'yomi

Compound of ‎(kami, god, spirit) +‎ 鳴り ‎(nari, the 連用形 ‎(ren'yōkei, continuative or stem form) of verb 鳴る naru, “to cry out, to call”).[1][2]

Pronunciation[edit]

Noun[edit]

‎(hiragana かみなり, romaji kaminari)

  1. thunder (the sound)
  2. lightning, a thunderbolt
Usage notes[edit]

This kaminari reading is the most common reading when used as a standalone noun.

Synonyms[edit]
Idioms[edit]

Etymology 2[edit]

Kanji in this term
かんなり
Grade: S
kun'yomi

/kaminari//kannari/

Shift in pronunciation from kaminari above.[1][2]

Pronunciation[edit]

Alternative forms[edit]

Noun[edit]

‎(hiragana かんなり, romaji kannari)

  1. (rare, archaic) thunder (the sound)
  2. (rare, archaic) lightning, a thunderbolt

Proper noun[edit]

‎(hiragana かんなり, romaji Kannari)

  1. (rare, archaic) short for 雷の壺 ‎(Kaminari no Tsubo, literally thunder pot), one of the five buildings in the imperial palace in ancient 平安京 ‎(Heian Kyō, Heian-kyō, modern-day Kyōto)

Etymology 3[edit]

Kanji in this term
いかずち
Grade: S
kun'yomi

/ika t͡su t͡ɕi//ikad͡ʑut͡ɕi//ikazut͡ɕi/

From Old Japanese. Originally a compound of ‎(ika, sternness, terribleness, imposingness) +‎ ‎(tsu, Old Japanese possessive particle) +‎ ‎(chi, spirit, force, essence).[1][2]

Pronunciation[edit]

Noun[edit]

‎(hiragana いかずち, romaji ikazuchi, historical hiragana いかづち)

  1. (rare, archaic) something ferocious and imposing, a demon or devil
  2. (rare, archaic) thunder (the sound)
  3. (rare, archaic) lightning, a thunderbolt

Etymology 4[edit]

Kanji in this term
なるかみ
Grade: S
kun'yomi

Compound of 鳴る ‎(naru, to cry out, to call) +‎ ‎(kami, god, spirit).[1][2]

Pronunciation[edit]

Alternative forms[edit]

Noun[edit]

‎(hiragana なるかみ, romaji narukami)

  1. (rare) thunder (the sound)
  2. (rare) lightning, a thunderbolt

Proper noun[edit]

‎(hiragana なるかみ, romaji Narukami)

  1. one of the eighteen styles of kabuki
    This sense is more commonly spelled as 鳴神.

Etymology 5[edit]

Kanji in this term
らい
Grade: S
on'yomi

From Middle Chinese ‎(luəi, thunder). Compare modern Mandarin reading lèi, Cantonese leoi4.

Pronunciation[edit]

Noun[edit]

‎(hiragana らい, romaji rai)

  1. (rare) thunder (the sound)
  2. (rare) lightning, a thunderbolt
Usage notes[edit]

Used more in compounds than on its own. As a standalone noun, the kaminari reading is the most common.

References[edit]

  1. 1.0 1.1 1.2 1.3 1988, 国語大辞典(新装版) (Kokugo Dai Jiten, Revised Edition) (in Japanese), Tōkyō: Shogakukan
  2. 2.0 2.1 2.2 2.3 2.4 2.5 2.6 2006, 大辞林 (Daijirin), Third Edition (in Japanese), Tōkyō: Sanseidō, ISBN 4-385-13905-9
  3. 3.0 3.1 1998, NHK日本語発音アクセント辞典 (NHK Japanese Pronunciation Accent Dictionary) (in Japanese), Tōkyō: NHK, ISBN 978-4-14-011112-3

Korean[edit]

Hanja[edit]

‎(roe, noe) (hangeul , , revised roe, noe, McCune-Reischauer roe, noe, Yale loy, noy)

  1. This entry needs a definition. Please add one, then remove {{defn}}.

Vietnamese[edit]

Han character[edit]

(lôi)

  1. This entry needs a definition. Please add one, then remove {{defn}}.