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U+87BA, 螺
CJK UNIFIED IDEOGRAPH-87BA

[U+87B9]
CJK Unified Ideographs
[U+87BB]

Translingual[edit]

Han character[edit]

(radical 142 +11, 17 strokes, cangjie input 中戈田女火 (LIWVF), four-corner 56193, composition)

References[edit]


Chinese[edit]

simp. and trad.
alt. forms

Glyph origin[edit]

Characters in the same phonetic series () (Zhengzhang, 2003) 
Old Chinese
*roːl, *roːls
*roːl
*roːl
*roːl, *rul
*roːl, *rul
*roːlʔ
*ruːl, *ruːls
*ruːl
*ruːl, *ruːls
*ruːl, *ruːls
*ruːll, *ruːlʔ, *ruːls
*ruːl, *ruːlʔ, *ruːls
*ruːl, *rul, *ruls
*ruːl, *ruːlʔ
*ruːl, *ruːlʔ
*ruːl
*ruːl
*ruːl, *rulʔ
*ruːl
*ruːlʔ
*ruːlʔ
*ruːlʔ
*ruːls, *rolʔ, *rols
*ruːls, *rul
*rolʔ, *rul
*rul, *rulʔ
*rul
*rul, *ruls
*rul
*rul
*rulʔ
*rulʔ
*rulʔ
*rulʔ
*rulʔ

Phono-semantic compound (形聲, OC *roːl): semantic  + phonetic  (OC *ruːls, *rolʔ, *rols).

Etymology[edit]

From Proto-Sino-Tibetan *kroj (shellfish, shell). From the same root derives (OC *kroːl, *kʷroːl, “terrestrial snail”).

Pronunciation[edit]


Note:
  • lê/lêr - vernacular;
  • lô/lô͘ - literary.
  • Wu

  • Rime
    Character
    Reading # 1/1
    Initial () (37)
    Final () (95)
    Tone (調) Level (Ø)
    Openness (開合) Closed
    Division () I
    Fanqie
    Reconstructions
    Zhengzhang
    Shangfang
    /luɑ/
    Pan
    Wuyun
    /luɑ/
    Shao
    Rongfen
    /luɑ/
    Edwin
    Pulleyblank
    /lwa/
    Li
    Rong
    /luɑ/
    Wang
    Li
    /luɑ/
    Bernard
    Karlgren
    /luɑ/
    Expected
    Mandarin
    Reflex
    luó
    Baxter-Sagart system 1.1 (2014)
    Character
    Reading # 1/1
    Modern
    Beijing
    (Pinyin)
    luó
    Middle
    Chinese
    ‹ lwa ›
    Old
    Chinese
    /*k.rˤoj/
    English spiral, snail

    Notes for Old Chinese notations in the Baxter-Sagart system:

    * Parentheses "()" indicate uncertain presence;
    * Square brackets "[]" indicate uncertain identity, e.g. *[t] as coda may in fact be *-t or *-p;
    * Angle brackets "<>" indicate infix;
    * Hyphen "-" indicates morpheme boundary;

    * Period "." indicates syllable boundary.
    Zhengzhang system (2003)
    Character
    Reading # 1/1
    No. 7701
    Phonetic
    component
    Rime
    group
    Rime
    subdivision
    3
    Corresponding
    MC rime
    𩼊
    Old
    Chinese
    /*roːl/
    Notes

    Definitions[edit]

    1. aquatic snail (as opposed to a terrestrial snail, )
    2. whorl; swirl; spiral

    Compounds[edit]


    Japanese[edit]

    Kanji[edit]

    (“Jinmeiyō” kanji used for names)

    1. spiral-shaped shellfish

    Readings[edit]

    Etymology 1[edit]

    Kanji in this term

    Jinmeiyō
    on’yomi

    From Middle Chinese (lwa, conch; spiral).

    Pronunciation[edit]

    Noun[edit]

    (hiragana , rōmaji ra)

    1. any shellfish with a spiral shell
    Usage notes[edit]

    In compounds, may lend meanings of either shell or spiral.

    Derived terms[edit]

    Etymology 2[edit]

    Kanji in this term
    つび
    Jinmeiyō
    kun’yomi

    From Old Japanese. Cognate with (tsubu, grain; granule, little roundish bit of something).[2] May have originally been the standalone form; compare (kamu, bound form, only used in compounds) and (kami, standalone form).

    Pronunciation[edit]

    Noun[edit]

    (hiragana つび, rōmaji tsubi)

    1. (obsolete) spiral shellfish, especially smaller ones
    2. (obsolete) alternate name for (hamaguri, clam)

    Etymology 3[edit]

    Japanese Wikipedia has an article on:
    Wikipedia ja
    Wikipedia has an article on:
    Wikipedia
    (tsubu, tsubi, tsumi): a variety of whelks for sale.
    Kanji in this term
    つぶ
    Jinmeiyō
    kun’yomi

    From Old Japanese. Cognate with (tsubu, grain; granule, little roundish bit of something).[2] May have originally been the combining form; compare (kamu, bound form, only used in compounds) and (kami, standalone form).

    Pronunciation[edit]

    Noun[edit]

    (hiragana つぶ, rōmaji tsubu)

    1. spiral shellfish, especially smaller ones
    2. edible marine whelks of family Buccinidae
    3. alternate name for 田螺 (tanishi): river snails of family Viviparidae
    Derived terms[edit]

    Etymology 4[edit]

    Kanji in this term
    つみ
    Jinmeiyō
    kun’yomi

    /t͡subi//t͡sumi/

    Shift in pronunciation from tsubi above.

    Pronunciation[edit]

    Noun[edit]

    (hiragana つみ, rōmaji tsumi)

    1. (obsolete) spiral shellfish, especially smaller ones

    Etymology 5[edit]

    Kanji in this term
    にし
    Jinmeiyō
    kun’yomi

    From Old Japanese. Previously referred to any shellfish with a spiral shell (see ra above). Now refers more specifically to certain spiral shellfish. More common in compounds.

    Pronunciation[edit]

    Alternative forms[edit]

    Noun[edit]

    (hiragana にし, rōmaji nishi)

    1. (rare) certain shellfish with a spiral shell
    Derived terms[edit]
    Synonyms[edit]

    Etymology 6[edit]

    Kanji in this term
    にな
    Jinmeiyō
    kun’yomi

    From Old Japanese.

    Less common spelling in modern Japanese. When written in kanji, more commonly spelled .

    Pronunciation[edit]

    Alternative forms[edit]

    Noun[edit]

    (hiragana にな, rōmaji nina)

    1. shellfish with a spiral shell
    2. Short for 川蜷. (kawanina): Semisulcospira libertina, a kind of freshwater snail
    Derived terms[edit]

    References[edit]

    1. 1.0 1.1 1.2 1.3 2006, 大辞林 (Daijirin), Third Edition (in Japanese), Tōkyō: Sanseidō, →ISBN
    2. 2.0 2.1 1988, 国語大辞典(新装版) (Kokugo Dai Jiten, Revised Edition) (in Japanese), Tōkyō: Shogakukan

    Korean[edit]

    Hanja[edit]

    (ra>na, re>ne) (hangeul >, >)

    1. This term needs a translation to English. Please help out and add a translation, then remove the text {{rfdef}}.

    Vietnamese[edit]

    Han character[edit]

    (loa, loe)

    1. This term needs a translation to English. Please help out and add a translation, then remove the text {{rfdef}}.