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Translingual[edit]

Han character[edit]

(radical 142 +11, 17 strokes, cangjie input 中戈田女火 (LIWVF), four-corner 56193, composition)

  1. spiral shell
  2. conch
  3. spiral

References[edit]


Chinese[edit]

simp. and trad.

Pronunciation[edit]


Rime
Character
Reading # 1/1
Initial () (37)
Final () (95)
Tone (調) Level (Ø)
Openness (開合) Closed
Division () I
Fanqie
Reconstructions
Zhengzhang
Shangfang
/luɑ/
Pan
Wuyun
/luɑ/
Shao
Rongfen
/luɑ/
Edwin
Pulleyblank
/lwa/
Li
Rong
/luɑ/
Wang
Li
/luɑ/
Bernard
Karlgren
/luɑ/
Expected
Mandarin
Reflex
luó
Baxter-Sagart system 1.1 (2014)
Character
Reading # 1/1
Modern
Beijing
(Pinyin)
luó
Middle
Chinese
‹ lwa ›
Old
Chinese
/*k.rˤoj/
English spiral, snail

Notes for Old Chinese notations in the Baxter-Sagart system:

* Parentheses "()" indicate uncertain presence;
* Square brackets "[]" indicate uncertain identity, e.g. *[t] as coda may in fact be *-t or *-p;
* Angle brackets "<>" indicate infix;
* Hyphen "-" indicates morpheme boundary;

* Period "." indicates syllable boundary.
Zhengzhang system (2003)
Character
Reading # 1/1
No. 7701
Phonetic
component
Rime
group
Rime
subdivision
3
Corresponding
MC rime
𩼊
Old
Chinese
/*roːl/
Notes

Definitions[edit]

  1. aquatic snail (as opposed to a terrestrial snail, )



Japanese[edit]

Kanji[edit]

(“Jinmeiyō” kanji used for names)

  1. spiral-shaped shellfish

Readings[edit]

Etymology 1[edit]

Kanji in this term

Jinmeiyō
on'yomi

From Middle Chinese ‎(lwa, conch; spiral).

Pronunciation[edit]

Noun[edit]

‎(hiragana , romaji ra)

  1. any shellfish with a spiral shell
Usage notes[edit]

In compounds, may lend meanings of either shell or spiral.

Derived terms[edit]

Etymology 2[edit]

Kanji in this term
つび
Jinmeiyō
kun'yomi

From Old Japanese. Cognate with ‎(tsubu, grain; granule, little roundish bit of something).[2] May have originally been the standalone form; compare ‎(kamu, bound form, only used in compounds) and ‎(kami, standalone form).

Pronunciation[edit]

Noun[edit]

‎(hiragana つび, romaji tsubi)

  1. (obsolete) spiral shellfish, especially smaller ones
  2. (obsolete) alternate name for ‎(hamaguri, clam)

Etymology 3[edit]

Japanese Wikipedia has an article on:
Wikipedia ja
Wikipedia has an article on:
Wikipedia
(tsubu, tsubi, tsumi): a variety of whelks for sale.
Kanji in this term
つぶ
Jinmeiyō
kun'yomi

From Old Japanese. Cognate with ‎(tsubu, grain; granule, little roundish bit of something).[2] May have originally been the combining form; compare ‎(kamu, bound form, only used in compounds) and ‎(kami, standalone form).

Pronunciation[edit]

Noun[edit]

‎(hiragana つぶ, romaji tsubu)

  1. spiral shellfish, especially smaller ones
  2. edible marine whelks of family Buccinidae
  3. alternate name for 田螺 ‎(tanishi): river snails of family Viviparidae
Derived terms[edit]

Etymology 4[edit]

Kanji in this term
つみ
Jinmeiyō
kun'yomi

/t͡subi//t͡sumi/

Shift in pronunciation from tsubi above.

Pronunciation[edit]

Noun[edit]

‎(hiragana つみ, romaji tsumi)

  1. (obsolete) spiral shellfish, especially smaller ones

Etymology 5[edit]

Kanji in this term
にし
Jinmeiyō
kun'yomi

From Old Japanese. Previously referred to any shellfish with a spiral shell (see ra above). Now refers more specifically to certain spiral shellfish. More common in compounds.

Pronunciation[edit]

Alternative forms[edit]

Noun[edit]

‎(hiragana にし, romaji nishi)

  1. (rare) certain shellfish with a spiral shell
Derived terms[edit]
Synonyms[edit]

Etymology 6[edit]

Kanji in this term
にな
Jinmeiyō
kun'yomi

From Old Japanese.

Less common spelling in modern Japanese. When written in kanji, more commonly spelled .

Pronunciation[edit]

Alternative forms[edit]

Noun[edit]

‎(hiragana にな, romaji nina)

  1. shellfish with a spiral shell
  2. Abbreviation of 川蜷. (kawanina): Semisulcospira libertina, a kind of freshwater snail
Derived terms[edit]

References[edit]

  1. 1.0 1.1 1.2 1.3 2006, 大辞林 (Daijirin), Third Edition (in Japanese), Tōkyō: Sanseidō, ISBN 4-385-13905-9
  2. 2.0 2.1 1988, 国語大辞典(新装版) (Kokugo Dai Jiten, Revised Edition) (in Japanese), Tōkyō: Shogakukan

Korean[edit]

Hanja[edit]

‎(ra>na, re>ne) (hangeul >, >, revised ra>na, re>ne, McCune-Reischauer ra>na, re>ne, Yale la>na, ley>ney)

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Vietnamese[edit]

Han character[edit]

(loa, loe)

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