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U+843D, 落
CJK UNIFIED IDEOGRAPH-843D

[U+843C]
CJK Unified Ideographs
[U+843E]

Translingual[edit]

Han character[edit]

(radical 140 +9, 12 strokes, cangjie input 廿水竹口 (TEHR), four-corner 44164, composition)

References[edit]

  • KangXi: page 1043, character 11
  • Dai Kanwa Jiten: character 31362
  • Dae Jaweon: page 1503, character 20
  • Hanyu Da Zidian: volume 5, page 3255, character 8
  • Unihan data for U+843D

Chinese[edit]

simp. and trad.

Glyph origin[edit]

Characters in the same phonetic series () (Zhengzhang, 2003) 
Old Chinese
kʰraːɡs
ɡ·raːɡs
ɡ·raːɡs
ɡ·raːɡs
ɡ·raːɡs
ɡ·raːɡs
raːɡs
raːɡs
raːɡs
raːɡs
ɡ·raːɡs
ɡ·raːɡ
ɡ·raːɡ
ɡ·raːɡ
ɡ·raːɡ
ɡ·raːɡ
ɡ·raːɡ
ɡ·raːɡ
ɡ·raːɡ
ɡ·raːɡ, *klaːɡ
笿 ɡ·raːɡ
ɡ·raːɡ, *kraːɡ
ɡ·raːɡ
ɡ·raːɡ, *kraːɡ
ɡ·raːɡ, *kraːɡ
ɡ·raːɡ
klaːɡ
klaːɡ
klaːɡ
klaːɡ, *kraːɡ
klaːɡ
kʰlaːɡ
kʰaːɡ
ɡlaːɡ, *mɡraːɡ
ɡlaːɡ
ɡlaːɡ
ɡ·raɡ
kraːɡ
kraːɡ
kraːɡ
kraːɡ
kraːɡ
kʰraːɡ
kʰraːɡ
kʰraːɡ
ŋɡraːɡ
ŋɡraːɡ
ŋɡraːɡ
ŋɡraːɡ
ɡraːɡ
ɡraːɡ

Phono-semantic compound (形聲, OC *ɡ·raːɡ): semantic  + phonetic  (OC *ɡ·raːɡ).

Pronunciation[edit]


Note:
  • luò - "drop, fall, settle";
  • là - "leave behind";
  • lào - "go down";
  • luō - only used in 落落 (luòluò) (Mainland standard).
Note:
  • lo̍k - literary;
  • lak/lo̍h/lauh/lō͘/làu/lo̍h - vernacular;
  • la̍uh - possibly unrelated.

Rime
Character
Reading # 1/1
Initial () (37)
Final () (103)
Tone (調) Checked (Ø)
Openness (開合) Open
Division () I
Fanqie
Reconstructions
Zhengzhang
Shangfang
/lɑk̚/
Pan
Wuyun
/lɑk̚/
Shao
Rongfen
/lɑk̚/
Edwin
Pulleyblank
/lak̚/
Li
Rong
/lɑk̚/
Wang
Li
/lɑk̚/
Bernard
Karlgren
/lɑk̚/
Expected
Mandarin
Reflex
luò
Baxter-Sagart system 1.1 (2014)
Character
Reading # 1/1
Modern
Beijing
(Pinyin)
luò
Middle
Chinese
‹ lak ›
Old
Chinese
/*kə.rˤak/
English fall (v.)

Notes for Old Chinese notations in the Baxter-Sagart system:

* Parentheses "()" indicate uncertain presence;
* Square brackets "[]" indicate uncertain identity, e.g. *[t] as coda may in fact be *-t or *-p;
* Angle brackets "<>" indicate infix;
* Hyphen "-" indicates morpheme boundary;

* Period "." indicates syllable boundary.
Zhengzhang system (2003)
Character
Reading # 1/1
No. 3880
Phonetic
component
Rime
group
Rime
subdivision
0
Corresponding
MC rime
Old
Chinese
/*ɡ·raːɡ/

Definitions[edit]

  1. to fall; to drop
      ―  luò  ―  sunset; sundown
  2. to lag; to fall behind
  3. to be on the wane; to write down; to settle
  4. net income; surplus
  5. (Cantonese) to go down; to get out of
    [Guangzhou Cantonese]  ―  lok6 syun4 [Jyutping]  ―  to disembark from a boat
    / [Guangzhou Cantonese]  ―  lok6 ce1 [Jyutping]  ―  to exit a car
  6. (Cantonese) to fall down; to rain or snow
    已經喺度 [Cantonese, trad.]
    已经喺度 [Cantonese, simp.]
    Di1 jyu5 jat1 dik1 dou1 mei6 lok6 keoi5 ji5 ging1 hai2 dou6 lo2 zyu6 baa2 ze1 haang4. [Jyutping]
    He had already started to carry an umbrella before the rain even began to fall.
  7. (Cantonese) to put in
    味精 [Cantonese]  ―  lok6 mei6 zing1 [Jyutping]  ―  to add MSG
  8. (Cantonese) down [onto; to]
  9. to leave out; to leave behind
  10. to come down
  11. to fall down
  12. into

See also[edit]

  • (xià)
  • (jiā, “to add”)
  • (diào)

Descendants[edit]

Compounds[edit]


Japanese[edit]

Kanji[edit]

(grade 3 “Kyōiku” kanji)

  1. to fall
  2. to leave behind
  3. to drop
  4. to come down

Readings[edit]

Compounds[edit]

See also[edit]


Korean[edit]

Hanja[edit]

(rak>nak) (hangeul >, revised rak>nak, McCune-Reischauer rak>nak, Yale lak>nak)

  1. This term needs a translation to English. Please help out and add a translation, then remove the text {{rfdef}}.

Vietnamese[edit]

Han character[edit]

(lạc, lác, lát, nhác, rác, rạc, xạc)

  1. This term needs a translation to English. Please help out and add a translation, then remove the text {{rfdef}}.