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U+843D, 落
CJK UNIFIED IDEOGRAPH-843D

[U+843C]
CJK Unified Ideographs
[U+843E]

Translingual[edit]

Han character[edit]

(radical 140 +9, 15 strokes, cangjie input 廿水竹口 (TEHR), four-corner 44164, composition)

References[edit]

  • KangXi: page 1043, character 11
  • Dai Kanwa Jiten: character 31362
  • Dae Jaweon: page 1503, character 20
  • Hanyu Da Zidian: volume 5, page 3255, character 8
  • Unihan data for U+843D

Chinese[edit]

simp. and trad.

Glyph origin[edit]

Characters in the same phonetic series () (Zhengzhang, 2003) 
Old Chinese
*kʰraːɡs
*ɡ·raːɡs
*ɡ·raːɡs
*ɡ·raːɡs
*ɡ·raːɡs
*ɡ·raːɡs
*raːɡs
*raːɡs
*raːɡs
*raːɡs
*ɡ·raːɡs
*ɡ·raːɡ
*ɡ·raːɡ
*ɡ·raːɡ
*ɡ·raːɡ
*ɡ·raːɡ
*ɡ·raːɡ
*ɡ·raːɡ
*ɡ·raːɡ
*ɡ·raːɡ, *klaːɡ
笿 *ɡ·raːɡ
*ɡ·raːɡ, *kraːɡ
*ɡ·raːɡ
*ɡ·raːɡ, *kraːɡ
*ɡ·raːɡ, *kraːɡ
*ɡ·raːɡ
*klaːɡ
*klaːɡ
*klaːɡ
*klaːɡ, *kraːɡ
*klaːɡ
*kʰlaːɡ
*kʰaːɡ
*ɡlaːɡ, *mɡraːɡ
*ɡlaːɡ
*ɡlaːɡ
*ɡ·raɡ
*kraːɡ
*kraːɡ
*kraːɡ
*kraːɡ
*kraːɡ
*kʰraːɡ
*kʰraːɡ
*kʰraːɡ
*ŋɡraːɡ
*ŋɡraːɡ
*ŋɡraːɡ
*ŋɡraːɡ
*ɡraːɡ
*ɡraːɡ

Phono-semantic compound (形聲, OC *ɡ·raːɡ): semantic  + phonetic (OC *ɡ·raːɡ).

Pronunciation[edit]


Note:
  • lo̍h - vernacular;
  • lo̍k - literary;
  • la̍uh - possibly unrelated.

Rime
Character
Reading # 1/1
Initial () (37)
Final () (103)
Tone (調) Checked (Ø)
Openness (開合) Open
Division () I
Fanqie
Reconstructions
Zhengzhang
Shangfang
/lɑk̚/
Pan
Wuyun
/lɑk̚/
Shao
Rongfen
/lɑk̚/
Edwin
Pulleyblank
/lak̚/
Li
Rong
/lɑk̚/
Wang
Li
/lɑk̚/
Bernard
Karlgren
/lɑk̚/
Expected
Mandarin
Reflex
luò
Baxter-Sagart system 1.1 (2014)
Character
Reading # 1/1
Modern
Beijing
(Pinyin)
luò
Middle
Chinese
‹ lak ›
Old
Chinese
/*kə.rˤak/
English fall (v.)

Notes for Old Chinese notations in the Baxter-Sagart system:

* Parentheses "()" indicate uncertain presence;
* Square brackets "[]" indicate uncertain identity, e.g. *[t] as coda may in fact be *-t or *-p;
* Angle brackets "<>" indicate infix;
* Hyphen "-" indicates morpheme boundary;

* Period "." indicates syllable boundary.
Zhengzhang system (2003)
Character
Reading # 1/1
No. 3880
Phonetic
component
Rime
group
Rime
subdivision
0
Corresponding
MC rime
Old
Chinese
/*ɡ·raːɡ/

Definitions[edit]

  1. to fall; to drop
      ―  luò  ―  sunset; sundown
  2. net income; surplus
  3. (Cantonese) to go down; to get out of
    [Guangzhou Cantonese]  ―  lok6 syun4 [Jyutping]  ―  to disembark from a boat
    / [Guangzhou Cantonese]  ―  lok6 ce1 [Jyutping]  ―  to exit a car
  4. (Cantonese) to fall down; to rain or snow
    已經喺度 [Cantonese, trad.]
    已经喺度 [Cantonese, simp.]
    Di1 jyu5 jat1 dik1 dou1 mei6 lok6 keoi5 ji5 ging1 hai2 dou6 lo2 zyu6 baa2 ze1 haang4. [Jyutping]
    He had already started to carry an umbrella before the rain even began to fall.
  5. (Cantonese) to put in
    味精 [Cantonese]  ―  lok6 mei6 zing1 [Jyutping]  ―  to add MSG
  6. (Cantonese) down [onto; to]
  7. to come down
  8. to fall down
  9. into

See also[edit]

  • (xià)
  • (jiā, “to add”)
  • (diào)

Compounds[edit]


Japanese[edit]

Kanji[edit]

(grade 3 “Kyōiku” kanji)

  1. to fall
  2. to leave behind
  3. to drop
  4. to come down

Readings[edit]

Compounds[edit]

See also[edit]


Korean[edit]

Hanja[edit]

‎(rak>nak) (hangeul >, revised rak>nak, McCune-Reischauer rak>nak, Yale lak>nak)

  1. This term needs a translation to English. Please help out and add a translation, then remove the text {{rfdef}}.

Vietnamese[edit]

Han character[edit]

(lạc, lác, lát, nhác, rác, rạc, xạc)

  1. This term needs a translation to English. Please help out and add a translation, then remove the text {{rfdef}}.