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U+843D, 落
CJK UNIFIED IDEOGRAPH-843D

[U+843C]
CJK Unified Ideographs
[U+843E]

Translingual[edit]

Han character[edit]

(radical 140 +9, 12 strokes, cangjie input 廿水竹口 (TEHR), four-corner 44164, composition)

References[edit]

  • KangXi: page 1043, character 11
  • Dai Kanwa Jiten: character 31362
  • Dae Jaweon: page 1503, character 20
  • Hanyu Da Zidian: volume 5, page 3255, character 8
  • Unihan data for U+843D

Chinese[edit]

simp. and trad.

Glyph origin[edit]

Characters in the same phonetic series () (Zhengzhang, 2003) 
Old Chinese
*kʰraːɡs
*ɡ·raːɡs
*ɡ·raːɡs
*ɡ·raːɡs
*ɡ·raːɡs
*ɡ·raːɡs
*raːɡs
*raːɡs
*raːɡs
*raːɡs
*ɡ·raːɡs
*ɡ·raːɡ
*ɡ·raːɡ
*ɡ·raːɡ
*ɡ·raːɡ
*ɡ·raːɡ
*ɡ·raːɡ
*ɡ·raːɡ
*ɡ·raːɡ
*ɡ·raːɡ, *klaːɡ
笿 *ɡ·raːɡ
*ɡ·raːɡ, *kraːɡ
*ɡ·raːɡ
*ɡ·raːɡ, *kraːɡ
*ɡ·raːɡ, *kraːɡ
*ɡ·raːɡ
*klaːɡ
*klaːɡ
*klaːɡ
*klaːɡ, *kraːɡ
*klaːɡ
*kʰlaːɡ
*kʰaːɡ
*ɡlaːɡ, *mɡraːɡ
*ɡlaːɡ
*ɡlaːɡ
*ɡ·raɡ
*kraːɡ
*kraːɡ
*kraːɡ
*kraːɡ
*kraːɡ
*kʰraːɡ
*kʰraːɡ
*kʰraːɡ
*ŋɡraːɡ
*ŋɡraːɡ
*ŋɡraːɡ
*ŋɡraːɡ
*ɡraːɡ
*ɡraːɡ

Phono-semantic compound (形聲, OC *ɡ·raːɡ): semantic  + phonetic  (OC *ɡ·raːɡ).

Pronunciation[edit]


Note:
  • luò - "drop, fall, settle";
  • là - "leave behind";
  • lào - "go down";
  • luō - only used in 落落 (luòluò) (Mainland standard).
  • Cantonese
  • Hakka
  • Min Dong
  • Min Nan
  • Note:
    • lo̍k - literary;
    • lak/lo̍h/lauh/lō͘/làu/lo̍h - vernacular;
    • la̍uh - possibly unrelated.

    Rime
    Character
    Reading # 1/1
    Initial () (37)
    Final () (103)
    Tone (調) Checked (Ø)
    Openness (開合) Open
    Division () I
    Fanqie
    Reconstructions
    Zhengzhang
    Shangfang
    /lɑk̚/
    Pan
    Wuyun
    /lɑk̚/
    Shao
    Rongfen
    /lɑk̚/
    Edwin
    Pulleyblank
    /lak̚/
    Li
    Rong
    /lɑk̚/
    Wang
    Li
    /lɑk̚/
    Bernard
    Karlgren
    /lɑk̚/
    Expected
    Mandarin
    Reflex
    luò
    Baxter-Sagart system 1.1 (2014)
    Character
    Reading # 1/1
    Modern
    Beijing
    (Pinyin)
    luò
    Middle
    Chinese
    ‹ lak ›
    Old
    Chinese
    /*kə.rˤak/
    English fall (v.)

    Notes for Old Chinese notations in the Baxter-Sagart system:

    * Parentheses "()" indicate uncertain presence;
    * Square brackets "[]" indicate uncertain identity, e.g. *[t] as coda may in fact be *-t or *-p;
    * Angle brackets "<>" indicate infix;
    * Hyphen "-" indicates morpheme boundary;

    * Period "." indicates syllable boundary.
    Zhengzhang system (2003)
    Character
    Reading # 1/1
    No. 3880
    Phonetic
    component
    Rime
    group
    Rime
    subdivision
    0
    Corresponding
    MC rime
    Old
    Chinese
    /*ɡ·raːɡ/

    Definitions[edit]

    1. to fall; to drop
        ―  luò  ―  sunset; sundown
    2. to lag; to fall behind
    3. to be on the wane; to write down; to settle
    4. net income; surplus
    5. (Cantonese) to go down; to get out of
      [Guangzhou Cantonese]  ―  lok6 syun4 [Jyutping]  ―  to disembark from a boat
      / [Guangzhou Cantonese]  ―  lok6 ce1 [Jyutping]  ―  to exit a car
    6. (Cantonese) to fall down; to rain or snow
      Di1 jyu5 jat1 dik1 dou1 mei6 lok6 keoi5 ji5 ging1 hai2 dou6 lo2 zyu6 baa2 ze1 haang4. [Jyutping]
      He had already started to carry an umbrella before the rain even began to fall.
    7. (Cantonese) to put in
      味精 [Cantonese]  ―  lok6 mei6 zing1 [Jyutping]  ―  to add MSG
    8. (Cantonese) down [onto; to]
    9. to leave out; to leave behind
    10. to come down
    11. to fall down
    12. into
    13. (Min Dong) a classifier for residences

    See also[edit]

    • (xià)
    • (jiā, “to add”)
    • (diào)

    Descendants[edit]

    Compounds[edit]


    Japanese[edit]

    Kanji[edit]

    (grade 3 “Kyōiku” kanji)

    1. to fall
    2. to leave behind
    3. to drop
    4. to come down

    Readings[edit]

    Compounds[edit]

    See also[edit]


    Korean[edit]

    Hanja[edit]

    (rak>nak) (hangeul >, revised rak>nak, McCune-Reischauer rak>nak, Yale lak>nak)

    1. This term needs a translation to English. Please help out and add a translation, then remove the text {{rfdef}}.

    Vietnamese[edit]

    Han character[edit]

    (lạc, lác, lát, nhác, rác, rạc, xạc)

    1. This term needs a translation to English. Please help out and add a translation, then remove the text {{rfdef}}.