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Translingual[edit]

Traditional
Shinjitai
Simplified

Han character[edit]

(radical 197 +13, 24 strokes, cangjie input 尸田月廿 (SWBT), four-corner 78107, composition ⿱⿰𠂉)

Derived characters[edit]

References[edit]

  • KangXi: page 1508, character 7
  • Dai Kanwa Jiten: character 47579
  • Dae Jaweon: page 2036, character 8
  • Hanyu Da Zidian: volume 4, page 2574, character 1
  • Unihan data for U+9E7D

Chinese[edit]

trad.
simp.

Alternative forms[edit]

Glyph origin[edit]

Historical forms of the character
Large seal script Small seal script
鹽-bigseal.svg 鹽-seal.svg

Phono-semantic compound (形聲): phonetic  + semantic  ‎(salt).

Etymology[edit]

From Proto-Sino-Tibetan *g-rjum.

Pronunciation[edit]


Dialectal pronunciations ()
Variety Location
Mandarin Beijing /ian³⁵/
Harbin /ian²⁴/
Tianjin /ian⁴⁵/
Jinan /iã⁴²/
Qingdao /iã⁴²/
Zhengzhou /ian⁴²/
Xi'an /iã²⁴/
Xining /iã²⁴/
Yinchuan /ian⁵³/
Lanzhou /iɛ̃n⁵³/
Ürümqi /ian⁵¹/
Wuhan /iɛn²¹³/
Chengdu /ian³¹/
Guiyang /ian²¹/
Kunming /iɛ̃³¹/
Nanjing /ien²⁴/
Hefei /iĩ⁵⁵/
Jin Taiyuan /ie¹¹/
Pingyao /ie̞¹³/
Hohhot /ie³¹/
Wu Shanghai /ɦi¹³/
Suzhou /ɦiɪ¹³/
Hangzhou /ɦiẽ̞²¹³/
Wenzhou /ji³¹/
Hui Shexian /ie⁴⁴/
Tunxi /iɛ⁴⁴/
Xiang Changsha /iẽ¹³/
Xiangtan /iẽ¹²/
Gan Nanchang /iɛn⁴⁵/
Hakka Meixian /iam¹¹/
Taoyuan /ʒɑm¹¹/
Cantonese Guangzhou /jim²¹/
Nanning /jim²¹/
Hong Kong /jim²¹/
Min Xiamen (Min Nan) /iam³⁵/
/sĩ³⁵/
Fuzhou (Min Dong) /sieŋ⁵³/
Jian'ou (Min Bei) /iŋ³³/
Shantou (Min Nan) /iam⁵⁵/
Haikou (Min Nan) /iam³¹/
Middle Chinese pronunciation (, reconstructed)
Character (), Pronunciation 1/2

Initial: (36)
Final:
Division: III

Openness: Open
Tone: Level (Ø)

Fanqie:
Zhengzhang
Shangfang
Bernard
Karlgren
Li
Rong
Pan
Wuyun
Edwin
Pulleyblank
Wang
Li
Shao
Rongfen
/jiᴇm/ /i̯ɛm/ /iɛm/ /jiɛm/ /jiam/ /jĭɛm/ /jæm/
Character (), Pronunciation 2/2

Initial: (36)
Final:
Division: III

Openness: Open
Tone: Departing (H)

Fanqie:
Zhengzhang
Shangfang
Bernard
Karlgren
Li
Rong
Pan
Wuyun
Edwin
Pulleyblank
Wang
Li
Shao
Rongfen
/jiᴇmH/ /i̯ɛmH/ /iɛmH/ /jiɛmH/ /jiamH/ /jĭɛmH/ /jæmH/
Old Chinese pronunciation (, reconstructed)
Baxter-Sagart system 1.1 (2014)
Character Modern Beijing
(Pinyin)
Middle Chinese Old Chinese English
yán ‹ yem › /*[ɢr][o]m/ salt (n.)
yàn ‹ yemH › /*[ɢr][o]m-s/ salt (v.)

Notes for Old Chinese notations in the Baxter-Sagart system:

  • Parentheses "()" indicate uncertain presence;
  • Square brackets "[]" indicate uncertain identity, e.g. *[t] as coda may in fact be *-t or *-p;
  • Angle brackets "<>" indicate infix;
  • Hyphen "-" indicates morpheme boundary;
  • Period "." indicates syllable boundary.
Zhengzhang system (2003)
Character No. Phonetic
component
Rime
group
Rime
subdivision
Corresponding
MC rime
Old Chinese Notes
6116 1 /*ɡ·lam/
6117 1 /*ɡ·lams/

Noun[edit]

  1. salt

Japanese[edit]

Kanji[edit]

(uncommon “Hyōgai” kanjikyūjitai kanji, shinjitai form )

  1. This entry needs a definition. Please add one, then remove {{defn}}.

Readings[edit]

Noun[edit]

‎(kyūjitai kanji, shinjitai kanji , hiragana しお, romaji shio, historical hiragana しほ)

  1. salt

Korean[edit]

Hanja[edit]

‎(yeom)
Eumhun:

  • Sound (hangeul):  (McCune-Reischauer: yŏm, Yale: yem)
  1. This entry needs a definition. Please add one, then remove {{defn}}.

Vietnamese[edit]

Han character[edit]

(diêm)

  1. This entry needs a definition. Please add one, then remove {{defn}}.