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Translingual[edit]

Etymology[edit]

Phono-semantic compound (形聲): semantic  + phonetic  – a type of plant.

Han character[edit]

(radical 75 +6, 10 strokes, cangjie input 木土土 (DGG), four-corner 44914, composition)

References[edit]

  • KangXi: page 525, character 2
  • Dai Kanwa Jiten: character 14755
  • Dae Jaweon: page 913, character 5
  • Hanyu Da Zidian: volume 2, page 1193, character 5
  • Unihan data for U+6842

Chinese[edit]

simp. and trad.

Pronunciation[edit]


Dialectal pronunciations ()
Variety Location
Mandarin Beijing /kuei⁵¹/
Harbin /kuei⁵³/
Tianjin /kuei⁵³/
Jinan /kuei²¹/
Qingdao /kue⁴²/
Zhengzhou /kuei³¹²/
Xi'an /kuei⁴⁴/
Xining /kuɨ²¹³/
Yinchuan /kuei¹³/
Lanzhou /kuei¹³/
Ürümqi /kuei²¹³/
Wuhan /kuei³⁵/
Chengdu /kuei¹³/
Guiyang /kuei²¹³/
Kunming /kuei²¹²/
Nanjing /kuəi⁴⁴/
Hefei /kue⁵³/
Jin Taiyuan /kuei⁴⁵/
Pingyao /kuei³⁵/
Hohhot /kuei⁵⁵/
Wu Shanghai /kue³⁵/
Suzhou /kue̞⁵¹³/
Hangzhou /kui⁴⁴⁵/
Wenzhou /t͡ɕy⁴²/
Hui Shexian /kue³²⁴/
Tunxi /t͡ɕye⁴²/
Xiang Changsha /kuei⁵⁵/
Xiangtan /kuəi⁵⁵/
Gan Nanchang /kui⁴⁵/
Hakka Meixian /kui⁵³/
Taoyuan /kui⁵⁵/
Cantonese Guangzhou /kwɐi³³/
Nanning /kʷɐi³³/
Hong Kong /kwɐi³³/
Min Xiamen (Min Nan) /kui²¹/
Fuzhou (Min Dong) /kiɛ²¹²/
Jian'ou (Min Bei) /ky³³/
Shantou (Min Nan) /kui²¹³/
Haikou (Min Nan) /kui³⁵/
Middle Chinese pronunciation (, reconstructed)
Character (), Pronunciation 1/1

Initial: (28)
Final:
Division: IV

Openness: Closed
Tone: Departing (H)

Fanqie:
Zhengzhang
Shangfang
Bernard
Karlgren
Li
Rong
Pan
Wuyun
Edwin
Pulleyblank
Wang
Li
Shao
Rongfen
/kweiH/ /kiweiH/ /kueiH/ /kʷeiH/ /kwɛjH/ /kiweiH/ /kuɛiH/
Old Chinese pronunciation (, reconstructed)
Zhengzhang system (2003)
Character No. Phonetic
component
Rime
group
Rime
subdivision
Corresponding
MC rime
Old Chinese Notes
4579 0 /*kʷeːs/

Definitions[edit]

  1. osmanthus, sweet osmanthus
  2. cassia, Chinese cinnamon
  3. true cinnamon, Saigon cinnamon, Indonesian cinnamon
  4. laurel, bay laurel
  5. of or relating to Guilin, Guangxi, or the region of the Gui River

Compounds[edit]


Japanese[edit]

Kanji[edit]

(“Jinmeiyō” kanji used for names)

  1. the katsura, the Japanese Judas tree
  2. the cinnamon or cassia tree
  3. the sweet osmanthus tree

Readings[edit]

Compounds[edit]

桂(カツラ)の葉っぱ
Japanese Wikipedia has an article on:

Wikipedia ja

Etymology 1[edit]

Kanji in this term
かつら
Jinmeiyō
kun'yomi

From Old Japanese. Originally a compound of ‎(ka, fragrance, good smell) +‎ ‎(zu, to come out, to put something out) + ‎(ra, nominalizing suffix): "that which puts out a good smell", from the way the wood smells good.

Pronunciation[edit]

Alternative forms[edit]

  • (uncommon)

Noun[edit]

‎(hiragana かつら, romaji katsura)

  1. the katsura tree, Cercidiphyllum japonicum, also called the Japanese Judas tree
  2. less commonly, the smaller Cercidiphyllum magnificum tree, more specifically called the 広葉桂 or ヒロハカツラ ‎(hiroha katsura, broadleaf katsura).
  3. a tree on the moon, from a Chinese legend that the phases of the moon were caused by Lauraceae trees budding, blossoming, then dropping their flowers and leaves again as if in accelerated seasons
  4. julienned raw daikon, used as a garnish for sashimi
  5. alternate word for 肉桂 ‎(nikkei, the cinnamon or cassia tree) or 桂皮 ‎(keihi, cinnamon or cassia bark)
Derived terms[edit]

Proper noun[edit]

‎(hiragana かつら, romaji Katsura)

  1. A male given name
  2. A surname​.
  3. the west bank of the Katsura River in Kyōto
桂(めかつら)の葉っぱ

Etymology 2[edit]

Kanji in this term
めかつら
Jinmeiyō
kun'yomi

From Old Japanese. Alternate spelling for 女桂 ‎(mekatsura, female katsura), an archaic name for the cinnamon tree. Compare 男桂 ‎(okatsura, male katsura: the katsura tree). Appears with this reading in the 和名類聚抄 ‎(Wamyō Ruijushō), a Japanese dictionary of Chinese characters completed in 938.

Pronunciation[edit]

Alternative forms[edit]

Noun[edit]

‎(hiragana めかつら, romaji mekatsura)

  1. the cinnamon tree, or other closely related trees in genus Cinnamomum
Synonyms[edit]

Etymology 3[edit]

Kanji in this term
けい
Jinmeiyō
on'yomi

From Sinitic .

Pronunciation[edit]

Noun[edit]

‎(hiragana けい, romaji kei)

  1. the cinnamon or cassia tree
  2. common name for various other trees in family Lauraceae
  3. in China, the 木犀 ‎(mokusei) or sweet osmanthus tree
Synonyms[edit]

Etymology 4[edit]

Kanji in this term
けい
Jinmeiyō
on'yomi

From a Chinese legend that the phases of the moon were caused by kei trees, which would bud, blossom, then drop their flowers and leaves again as if in accelerated seasons.

Pronunciation[edit]

Noun[edit]

‎(hiragana けい, romaji kei)

  1. (euphemistic) the moon
Synonyms[edit]
将棋の

Etymology 5[edit]

Kanji in this term
けい
Jinmeiyō
on'yomi

Abbreviation of 桂馬 ‎(keima), the knight in 将棋 ‎(shōgi, Japanese chess).

Pronunciation[edit]

Noun[edit]

‎(hiragana けい, romaji kei)

  1. the knight in 将棋 ‎(shōgi, Japanese chess)
Synonyms[edit]

References[edit]

  1. 1.0 1.1 1.2 1.3 2006, 大辞林 (Daijirin), Third Edition (in Japanese), Tōkyō: Sanseidō, ISBN 4-385-13905-9
  2. ^ 1998, NHK日本語発音アクセント辞典 (NHK Japanese Pronunciation Accent Dictionary) (in Japanese), Tōkyō: NHK, ISBN 978-4-14-011112-3

Korean[edit]

Hanja[edit]

‎(gye) (hangeul , revised gye, McCune-Reischauer kye, Yale kyey)

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Vietnamese[edit]

Han character[edit]

(quế)

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