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See also:
U+6953, 楓
CJK UNIFIED IDEOGRAPH-6953

[U+6952]
CJK Unified Ideographs
[U+6954]

Translingual[edit]

Han character[edit]

(radical 75, +9, 13 strokes, cangjie input 木竹弓戈 (DHNI), four-corner 47910, composition)

References[edit]

  • KangXi: page 539, character 8
  • Dai Kanwa Jiten: character 15126
  • Dae Jaweon: page 926, character 21
  • Hanyu Da Zidian: volume 2, page 1253, character 8
  • Unihan data for U+6953

Chinese[edit]

trad.
simp.

Glyph origin[edit]

Characters in the same phonetic series () (Zhengzhang, 2003) 
Old Chinese
*b·ruːm
*b·uːm
*pʰomʔ
*pʰoms, *bum
*bom
*bom, *boms
*bom, *boms
*bomʔ
*bloms, *bum
*boːŋ, *bum
*plum, *plums
*plum
*plum
*plum
*plum
*plum
*plum
*plums
*blum
*blum
*bums

Pronunciation[edit]


Note:
  • png/puiⁿ - vernacular;
  • hong - literary.
  • Wu

  • Rime
    Character
    Reading # 1/1
    Initial () (1)
    Final () (2)
    Tone (調) Level (Ø)
    Openness (開合) Open
    Division () III
    Fanqie
    Reconstructions
    Zhengzhang
    Shangfang
    /pɨuŋ/
    Pan
    Wuyun
    /piuŋ/
    Shao
    Rongfen
    /piuŋ/
    Edwin
    Pulleyblank
    /puwŋ/
    Li
    Rong
    /piuŋ/
    Wang
    Li
    /pĭuŋ/
    Bernard
    Karlgren
    /pi̯uŋ/
    Expected
    Mandarin
    Reflex
    fēng
    Zhengzhang system (2003)
    Character
    Reading # 1/1
    No. 2923
    Phonetic
    component
    Rime
    group
    Rime
    subdivision
    3
    Corresponding
    MC rime
    Old
    Chinese
    /*plum/

    Definitions[edit]

    1. maple (tree)

    Compounds[edit]


    Japanese[edit]

    Kanji[edit]

    (“Jinmeiyō” kanji used for names)

    1. maple
    2. Liquidambar formosana, Chinese sweetgum tree, Formosan sweetgum tree

    Readings[edit]

    Compounds[edit]

    Etymology 1[edit]

    Japanese Wikipedia has an article on:
    Wikipedia ja
    English Wikipedia has an article on:
    Wikipedia
    (kaede): maple leaves and seeds.
    Kanji in this term
    かえで
    Jinmeiyō
    kun’yomi

    Originally a compound of (kaeru, frog) +‎ (te, hand), with the te changing to de due to rendaku (連濁), and the ru dropping out over time. From the way the palmate leaves resemble a frog's foot.[1][2]

    Pronunciation[edit]

    Alternative forms[edit]

    Noun[edit]

    (hiragana かえで, rōmaji kaede, historical hiragana かへで)

    1. the maple tree
    2. a color scheme for (kasane, layered kimono, literally layering), where both the outer and inner layers are light green
    3. a kind of 家紋 (kamon, family crest), featuring a maple-leaf design
    4. (term of endearment) a child's hand (from the resemblance in shape between a hand with splayed fingers and a maple leaf)
    Usage notes[edit]

    As with many terms that name organisms, this term is often spelled in katakana, especially in biological contexts, as カエデ.

    Derived terms[edit]

    Proper noun[edit]

    (hiragana かえで, rōmaji Kaede)

    1. A female given name.

    Etymology 2[edit]

    Kanji in this term
    かいで
    Jinmeiyō
    kun’yomi

    Shift in pronunciation of kaede.[1]

    Pronunciation[edit]

    Noun[edit]

    (hiragana かいで, rōmaji kaide)

    1. (uncommon) alternative for kaede above: the maple tree

    Etymology 3[edit]

    Japanese Wikipedia has an article on:
    Wikipedia ja
    (katsura): katsura leaves and seeds.
    Kanji in this term
    かつら
    Jinmeiyō
    kun’yomi

    From Old Japanese. Less common spelling for (katsura).[1]

    Pronunciation[edit]

    Noun[edit]

    (hiragana かつら, rōmaji katsura)

    1. : the katsura tree, Cercidiphyllum japonicum
    2. : (Chinese mythology) the kind of tree that grows on the moon
    Usage notes[edit]

    As with many terms that name organisms, this term is often spelled in katakana, especially in biological contexts, as カツラ.

    The katsura reading is rare for this kanji. When referring to the katsura tree, the spelling is used more often to avoid confusion.

    Etymology 4[edit]

    Kanji in this term
    おかつら
    Jinmeiyō
    kun’yomi

    From Old Japanese. Alternate spelling for 男桂 (okatsura, male katsura), an archaic name for the katsura tree.[1] Compare 女桂 (mekatsura, female katsura: the cinnamon tree). Appears with this reading in the 和名類聚抄 (Wamyō Ruijushō), a Japanese dictionary of Chinese characters completed in 938.

    Pronunciation[edit]

    Noun[edit]

    (hiragana おかつら, rōmaji okatsura, historical hiragana をかつら) (alternative reading hiragana おかづら, romaji okazura)

    1. (obsolete) the katsura tree, Cercidiphyllum japonicum

    Etymology 5[edit]

    Japanese Wikipedia has an article on:
    Wikipedia ja
    English Wikipedia has an article on:
    Wikipedia
    (): sweetgum leaves and seeds.
    Kanji in this term
    ふう
    Jinmeiyō
    on’yomi

    From Middle Chinese (biung).

    Pronunciation[edit]

    Noun[edit]

    (hiragana ふう, rōmaji )

    1. フウ: the Formosan sweetgum tree, Liquidambar formosana
    2. in certain kanji compounds, the maple tree
    Usage notes[edit]

    As with many terms that name organisms, this term is often spelled in katakana, especially in biological contexts, as フウ.

    Idioms[edit]

    References[edit]

    1. 1.0 1.1 1.2 1.3 1988, 国語大辞典(新装版) (Kokugo Dai Jiten, Revised Edition) (in Japanese), Tōkyō: Shogakukan
    2. 2.0 2.1 2.2 2.3 2006, 大辞林 (Daijirin), Third Edition (in Japanese), Tōkyō: Sanseidō, →ISBN

    Korean[edit]

    Hanja[edit]

    (pung) (hangeul , revised pung, McCune–Reischauer p'ung, Yale phung)

    1. This term needs a translation to English. Please help out and add a translation, then remove the text {{rfdef}}.

    Vietnamese[edit]

    Han character[edit]

    (phong)

    1. This term needs a translation to English. Please help out and add a translation, then remove the text {{rfdef}}.