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U+68B5, 梵
CJK UNIFIED IDEOGRAPH-68B5

[U+68B4]
CJK Unified Ideographs
[U+68B6]

Translingual[edit]

Han character[edit]

(radical 75 +7, 11 strokes, cangjie input 木木竹弓戈 (DDHNI), four-corner 44217, composition)

References[edit]

  • KangXi: page 531, character 9
  • Dai Kanwa Jiten: character 14888
  • Dae Jaweon: page 919, character 10
  • Hanyu Da Zidian: volume 2, page 1210, character 5
  • Unihan data for U+68B5

Chinese[edit]

simp. and trad.
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Glyph origin[edit]

Characters in the same phonetic series () (Zhengzhang, 2003) 
Old Chinese
*b·ruːm
*b·uːm
*pʰomʔ
*pʰoms, *bum
*bom
*bom, *boms
*bom, *boms
*bomʔ
*bloms, *bum
*boːŋ, *bum
*plum, *plums
*plum
*plum
*plum
*plum
*plum
*plum
*plums
*blum
*blum
*bums

Phono-semantic compound (形聲, OC *bloms, *bum): semantic  (forest) + phonetic  (OC *bom) – lush. Originally a variant form of (OC *boːŋ, *bum).

Etymology[edit]

The religious sense “Brahman” is short for 梵摩 (MC bɨɐmH muɑ), 梵覽摩 (MC bɨɐmH lɑmX muɑ), from Sanskrit ब्रह्मन् (brahman, Brahman).

Pronunciation[edit]



Rime
Character
Reading # 1/2 2/2
Initial () (3) (3)
Final () (2) (146)
Tone (調) Level (Ø) Departing (H)
Openness (開合) Open Closed
Division () III III
Fanqie
Reconstructions
Zhengzhang
Shangfang
/bɨuŋ/ /bɨɐmH/
Pan
Wuyun
/biuŋ/ /biɐmH/
Shao
Rongfen
/biuŋ/ /biɐmH/
Edwin
Pulleyblank
/buwŋ/ /buamH/
Li
Rong
/biuŋ/ /biɐmH/
Wang
Li
/bĭuŋ/ /bĭwɐmH/
Bernard
Karlgren
/bʱi̯uŋ/ /bʱi̯wɐmH/
Expected
Mandarin
Reflex
féng fàn
Zhengzhang system (2003)
Character
Reading # 1/2 2/2
No. 2918 2932
Phonetic
component
Rime
group
Rime
subdivision
3 3
Corresponding
MC rime
Old
Chinese
/*bloms/ /*bum/
Notes

Definitions[edit]

  1. lush; luxuriant
  2. (religion) Brahman; the ultimate reality in the universe (concept in Hinduism)
  3. (figuratively) quiet; peaceful; undisturbed
  4. of or pertaining to Buddhism; Buddhist
  5. of or pertaining to ancient India or the Sanskrit language; Indian
  6. (Buddhism) to chant sutras; to recite sutras
  7. (Buddhism) sound of sutra chanting
  8. A surname​.

Compounds[edit]


Japanese[edit]

Kanji[edit]

(uncommon “Hyōgai” kanji)

Readings[edit]

Compounds[edit]

Kanji in this term
ぼん
Hyōgaiji
on'yomi

Pronunciation[edit]

Noun[edit]

(hiragana ぼん, rōmaji bon)

  1. Abbreviation of 梵語.

References[edit]

  1. 1.0 1.1 2006, 大辞林 (Daijirin), Third Edition (in Japanese), Tōkyō: Sanseidō, ISBN 4-385-13905-9

Korean[edit]

Hanja[edit]

(beom) (hangeul , revised beom, McCune-Reischauer pŏm, Yale pem)

  1. This term needs a translation to English. Please help out and add a translation, then remove the text {{rfdef}}.

Vietnamese[edit]

Han character[edit]

(phạn, phạm)

  1. This term needs a translation to English. Please help out and add a translation, then remove the text {{rfdef}}.