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See also:
U+99AE, 馮
CJK UNIFIED IDEOGRAPH-99AE

[U+99AD]
CJK Unified Ideographs
[U+99AF]

Translingual[edit]

Han character[edit]

(radical 187, +2, 12 strokes, cangjie input 戈一尸手火 (IMSQF), four-corner 31127, composition)

Derived characters[edit]

Related characters[edit]

References[edit]

  • KangXi: page 1433, character 11
  • Dai Kanwa Jiten: character 44579
  • Dae Jaweon: page 1958, character 5
  • Hanyu Da Zidian: volume 7, page 4540, character 3
  • Unihan data for U+99AE

Chinese[edit]

trad.
simp.

Glyph origin[edit]

Historical forms of the character
Shuowen Jiezi (compiled in Han) Liushutong (compiled in Ming)
Small seal script Transcribed ancient scripts
馮-seal.svg 馮-bigseal.svg
Characters in the same phonetic series () (Zhengzhang, 2003) 
Old Chinese
*prɯŋ
*pŋrɯŋ, *ŋrɯŋ
*pʰrɯŋ, *rads
*brɯŋ, *bɯŋ
*bɯŋ

Phono-semantic compound (形聲, OC *brɯŋ, *bɯŋ): phonetic  (OC *pŋrɯŋ, *ŋrɯŋ) + semantic  (horse).

Pronunciation 1[edit]


Note:
  • pâng - vernacular;
  • hông - literary.

Rime
Character
Reading # 1/2
Initial () (3)
Final () (2)
Tone (調) Level (Ø)
Openness (開合) Open
Division () III
Fanqie
Reconstructions
Zhengzhang
Shangfang
/bɨuŋ/
Pan
Wuyun
/biuŋ/
Shao
Rongfen
/biuŋ/
Edwin
Pulleyblank
/buwŋ/
Li
Rong
/biuŋ/
Wang
Li
/bĭuŋ/
Bernard
Karlgren
/bʱi̯uŋ/
Expected
Mandarin
Reflex
féng
BaxterSagart system 1.1 (2014)
Character
Reading # 3/3
Modern
Beijing
(Pinyin)
píng
Middle
Chinese
‹ bjuwng ›
Old
Chinese
/*[Cə.b]əŋ/
English Féng (surname)

Notes for Old Chinese notations in the Baxter–Sagart system:

* Parentheses "()" indicate uncertain presence;
* Square brackets "[]" indicate uncertain identity, e.g. *[t] as coda may in fact be *-t or *-p;
* Angle brackets "<>" indicate infix;
* Hyphen "-" indicates morpheme boundary;

* Period "." indicates syllable boundary.
Zhengzhang system (2003)
Character
Reading # 2/2
No. 861
Phonetic
component
Rime
group
Rime
subdivision
0
Corresponding
MC rime
Old
Chinese
/*bɯŋ/

Definitions[edit]

  1. a place near modern Luoyang
  2. A surname​.
Wikipedia has an article on:

Compounds[edit]

Pronunciation 2[edit]



Rime
Character
Reading # 2/2
Initial () (3)
Final () (133)
Tone (調) Level (Ø)
Openness (開合) Open
Division () III
Fanqie
Reconstructions
Zhengzhang
Shangfang
/bɨŋ/
Pan
Wuyun
/bɨŋ/
Shao
Rongfen
/bieŋ/
Edwin
Pulleyblank
/biŋ/
Li
Rong
/biəŋ/
Wang
Li
/bĭəŋ/
Bernard
Karlgren
/bʱi̯əŋ/
Expected
Mandarin
Reflex
píng
BaxterSagart system 1.1 (2014)
Character
Reading # 1/3 2/3
Modern
Beijing
(Pinyin)
píng píng
Middle
Chinese
‹ bing › ‹ bing ›
Old
Chinese
/*[b]rəŋ/ /*[b]rəŋ/
English full, solid lean on

Notes for Old Chinese notations in the Baxter–Sagart system:

* Parentheses "()" indicate uncertain presence;
* Square brackets "[]" indicate uncertain identity, e.g. *[t] as coda may in fact be *-t or *-p;
* Angle brackets "<>" indicate infix;
* Hyphen "-" indicates morpheme boundary;

* Period "." indicates syllable boundary.
Zhengzhang system (2003)
Character
Reading # 1/2
No. 858
Phonetic
component
Rime
group
Rime
subdivision
0
Corresponding
MC rime
Old
Chinese
/*brɯŋ/

Definitions[edit]

  1. to gallop
  2. full
  3. to covet
  4. to bully
  5. to seize
  6. to wade
  7. to climb
  8. Alternative form of (píng, “to lean on”).

Compounds[edit]

References[edit]


Japanese[edit]

Kanji[edit]

(uncommon “Hyōgai” kanji)

  1. This term needs a translation to English. Please help out and add a translation, then remove the text {{rfdef}}.

Readings[edit]


Korean[edit]

Hanja[edit]

(pung) (hangeul , revised pung, McCune–Reischauer p'ung, Yale phung)

  1. This term needs a translation to English. Please help out and add a translation, then remove the text {{rfdef}}.

Vietnamese[edit]

Han character[edit]

(Phùng)

  1. a Vietnamese surname