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U+51B0, 冰
CJK UNIFIED IDEOGRAPH-51B0

[U+51AF]
CJK Unified Ideographs
[U+51B1]
See also:

Translingual[edit]

Han character[edit]

(radical 15 +4, 6 strokes, cangjie input 戈一水 (IME), four-corner 32130, composition)

References[edit]

  • KangXi: page 131, character 24
  • Dai Kanwa Jiten: character 1612
  • Dae Jaweon: page 294, character 15
  • Hanyu Da Zidian: volume 1, page 295, character 9
  • Unihan data for U+51B0

Chinese[edit]

Glyph origin[edit]

Historical forms of the character
Bronze inscriptions Small seal script
冰-bronze.svg 冰-seal.svg
Characters in the same phonetic series () (Zhengzhang, 2003) 
Old Chinese
*prɯŋ
*pŋrɯŋ, *ŋrɯŋ
*pʰrɯŋ, *rads
*brɯŋ, *bɯŋ
*bɯŋ

Etymology 1[edit]

simp. and trad.
alt. forms

Pronunciation[edit]



  • Dialectal data
Variety Location
Mandarin Beijing /piŋ⁵⁵/
Harbin /piŋ⁴⁴/
Tianjin /piŋ²¹/
Jinan /piŋ²¹³/
Qingdao /piŋ²¹³/
Zhengzhou /piŋ²⁴/
Xi'an /piŋ²¹/
Xining /piə̃⁴⁴/
Yinchuan /piŋ⁴⁴/
Lanzhou /pĩn³¹/
Ürümqi /piŋ⁴⁴/
Wuhan /pin⁵⁵/
Chengdu /pin⁵⁵/
Guiyang /pin⁵⁵/
Kunming /pĩ/
Nanjing /pin³¹/
Hefei /pin²¹/
Jin Taiyuan /piəŋ¹¹/
Pingyao /piŋ¹³/
Hohhot /pĩŋ³¹/
Wu Shanghai /piŋ⁵³/
Suzhou /pin⁵⁵/
Hangzhou /pin³³/
Wenzhou /peŋ³³/
Hui Shexian /piʌ̃³¹/
Tunxi /pɛ¹¹/
Xiang Changsha /pin³³/
Xiangtan /pin³³/
Gan Nanchang /pin⁴²/
Hakka Meixian /pen⁴⁴/
Taoyuan /pen²⁴/
Cantonese Guangzhou /peŋ⁵³/
Nanning /peŋ⁵⁵/
Hong Kong /piŋ⁵⁵/
Min Xiamen (Min Nan) /piŋ⁵⁵/
Fuzhou (Min Dong) /piŋ⁴⁴/
Jian'ou (Min Bei) /pain⁵⁴/
/peiŋ⁵⁴/
Shantou (Min Nan) /piã³³/
Haikou (Min Nan) /ʔbeŋ²³/

Rime
Character
Reading # 1/1
Initial () (1)
Final () (133)
Tone (調) Level (Ø)
Openness (開合) Open
Division () III
Fanqie
Reconstructions
Zhengzhang
Shangfang
/pɨŋ/
Pan
Wuyun
/pɨŋ/
Shao
Rongfen
/pieŋ/
Edwin
Pulleyblank
/piŋ/
Li
Rong
/piəŋ/
Wang
Li
/pĭəŋ/
Bernard
Karlgren
/pi̯əŋ/
Expected
Mandarin
Reflex
bīng
Baxter-Sagart system 1.1 (2014)
Character
Reading # 1/1
Modern
Beijing
(Pinyin)
bīng
Middle
Chinese
‹ ping ›
Old
Chinese
/*p.rəŋ/ (dialect: *p.r- > *pr-)
English ice

Notes for Old Chinese notations in the Baxter-Sagart system:

* Parentheses "()" indicate uncertain presence;
* Square brackets "[]" indicate uncertain identity, e.g. *[t] as coda may in fact be *-t or *-p;
* Angle brackets "<>" indicate infix;
* Hyphen "-" indicates morpheme boundary;

* Period "." indicates syllable boundary.
Zhengzhang system (2003)
Character
Reading # 1/2 2/2
No. 856 860
Phonetic
component
Rime
group
Rime
subdivision
0 0
Corresponding
MC rime
Old
Chinese
/*pŋrɯŋ/ /*ŋrɯŋ/
Notes

Definitions[edit]

  1. ice
  2. ice-cold
  3. to freeze; to ice
  4. A surname​.
  5. (slang, drug) methamphetamine
Compounds[edit]

Etymology 2[edit]

For pronunciation and definitions of – see .
(This character, , is an ancient form of .)

Japanese[edit]

Kanji[edit]

(uncommon “Hyōgai” kanji)

  1. This term needs a translation to English. Please help out and add a translation, then remove the text {{rfdef}}.

Readings[edit]


Korean[edit]

Hanja[edit]

‎(bing) (hangeul , revised bing, McCune-Reischauer ping)

  1. This term needs a translation to English. Please help out and add a translation, then remove the text {{rfdef}}.

Vietnamese[edit]

Han character[edit]

(băng, bâng, phăng, bưng, văng)

  1. This term needs a translation to English. Please help out and add a translation, then remove the text {{rfdef}}.