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Translingual[edit]

Han character[edit]

(radical 15 +4, 6 strokes, cangjie input 戈一水 (IME), four-corner 32130, composition)

References[edit]

  • KangXi: page 131, character 24
  • Dai Kanwa Jiten: character 1612
  • Dae Jaweon: page 294, character 15
  • Hanyu Da Zidian: volume 1, page 295, character 9
  • Unihan data for U+51B0

Chinese[edit]

Glyph origin[edit]

Historical forms of the character
Bronze inscriptions Small seal script
冰-bronze.svg 冰-seal.svg

Etymology 1[edit]

simp. and trad.
alt. forms


𣲝
𨻱

Pronunciation[edit]


Dialectal pronunciations ()
Variety Location
Mandarin Beijing /piŋ⁵⁵/
Harbin /piŋ⁴⁴/
Tianjin /piŋ²¹/
Jinan /piŋ²¹³/
Qingdao /piŋ²¹³/
Zhengzhou /piŋ²⁴/
Xi'an /piŋ²¹/
Xining /piə̃⁴⁴/
Yinchuan /piŋ⁴⁴/
Lanzhou /pĩn³¹/
Ürümqi /piŋ⁴⁴/
Wuhan /pin⁵⁵/
Chengdu /pin⁵⁵/
Guiyang /pin⁵⁵/
Kunming /pĩ/
Nanjing /pin³¹/
Hefei /pin²¹/
Jin Taiyuan /piəŋ¹¹/
Pingyao /piŋ¹³/
Hohhot /pĩŋ³¹/
Wu Shanghai /piŋ⁵³/
Suzhou /pin⁵⁵/
Hangzhou /pin³³/
Wenzhou /peŋ³³/
Hui Shexian /piʌ̃³¹/
Tunxi /pɛ¹¹/
Xiang Changsha /pin³³/
Xiangtan /pin³³/
Gan Nanchang /pin⁴²/
Hakka Meixian /pen⁴⁴/
Taoyuan /pen²⁴/
Cantonese Guangzhou /peŋ⁵³/
Nanning /peŋ⁵⁵/
Hong Kong /piŋ⁵⁵/
Min Xiamen (Min Nan) /piŋ⁵⁵/
Fuzhou (Min Dong) /piŋ⁴⁴/
Jian'ou (Min Bei) /pain⁵⁴/
/peiŋ⁵⁴/
Shantou (Min Nan) /piã³³/
Haikou (Min Nan) /ʔbeŋ²³/
Middle Chinese pronunciation (, reconstructed)
Character (), Pronunciation 1/1

Initial: (1)
Final: (133)
Tone: Level (Ø)

Openness: Open
Division: III
Fanqie:

Expected Mandarin reflex: bīng
Zhengzhang
Shangfang
Pan
Wuyun
Shao
Rongfen
Edwin
Pulleyblank
Li
Rong
Wang
Li
Bernard
Karlgren
/pɨŋ/ /pɨŋ/ /pieŋ/ /piŋ/ /piəŋ/ /pĭəŋ/ /pi̯əŋ/
Old Chinese pronunciation (, reconstructed)
Baxter-Sagart system 1.1 (2014)
Character Modern Beijing
(Pinyin)
Middle Chinese Old Chinese English
bīng ‹ ping › /*p.rəŋ (dialect: *p.r- > *pr-)/ ice

Notes for Old Chinese notations in the Baxter-Sagart system:

  • Parentheses "()" indicate uncertain presence;
  • Square brackets "[]" indicate uncertain identity, e.g. *[t] as coda may in fact be *-t or *-p;
  • Angle brackets "<>" indicate infix;
  • Hyphen "-" indicates morpheme boundary;
  • Period "." indicates syllable boundary.
Zhengzhang system (2003)
Character No. Phonetic
component
Rime
group
Rime
subdivision
Corresponding
MC rime
Old Chinese Notes
856 0 /*pŋrɯŋ/
860 0 /*ŋrɯŋ/

Definitions[edit]

  1. ice
  2. ice-cold
  3. to freeze; to ice
  4. A surname​.
Compounds[edit]

Etymology 2[edit]

For pronunciation and definitions of – see .
(This character, , is an ancient form of .)

Japanese[edit]

Kanji[edit]

(uncommon “Hyōgai” kanji)

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Readings[edit]


Korean[edit]

Hanja[edit]

‎(bing) (hangeul , revised bing, McCune-Reischauer ping)

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Vietnamese[edit]

Han character[edit]

(băng, bâng, phăng, bưng, văng)

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