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U+96EA, 雪
CJK UNIFIED IDEOGRAPH-96EA

[U+96E9]
CJK Unified Ideographs
[U+96EB]

Translingual[edit]

Stroke order
11 strokes

Han character[edit]

(radical 173, +3, 11 strokes, cangjie input 一月尸一 (MBSM), four-corner 10177/10174, composition)

Derived characters[edit]

References[edit]

  • KangXi: page 1371, character 29
  • Dai Kanwa Jiten: character 42216
  • Dae Jaweon: page 1878, character 7
  • Hanyu Da Zidian: volume 6, page 4058, character 4
  • Unihan data for U+96EA

Chinese[edit]

simp. and trad.

Glyph origin[edit]

Historical forms of the character
Shang Shuowen Jiezi (compiled in Han) Liushutong (compiled in Ming)
Oracle bone script Small seal script Transcribed ancient scripts
雪-oracle.svg 雪-seal.svg 雪-bigseal.svg
Characters in the same phonetic series () (Zhengzhang, 2003) 
Old Chinese
*sqʰʷeds
*sɢʷeds, *ɢʷeds, *sɢʷids
*sɢʷeds
*sɢʷeds
*sɢʷeds, *ɢʷeds
*sɢʷeds, *ɢʷeds
*ɢʷeds, *ɢʷad
*qʰʷeːds
*qʰʷeːds
*qʰʷeds
*ɡʷeːds
*sɢʷids
*sqʰʷed

Ancient simplification of , which is in turn phono-semantic compound (形聲, OC *sqʰʷed): semantic  + phonetic  (OC *sɢʷeds, *ɢʷeds, *sɢʷids).

Etymology[edit]

Starostin compared this with Tibetan སད (sad, frost, cold air, cold, coldness). This may be unlikely considering the phonetic part of this character.

Pronunciation[edit]


Note:
  • serh/seh - vernacular;
  • soat - literary.
  • Wu

  • Rime
    Character
    Reading # 1/1
    Initial () (16)
    Final () (82)
    Tone (調) Checked (Ø)
    Openness (開合) Closed
    Division () III
    Fanqie
    Reconstructions
    Zhengzhang
    Shangfang
    /siuᴇt̚/
    Pan
    Wuyun
    /sʷiɛt̚/
    Shao
    Rongfen
    /sjuæt̚/
    Edwin
    Pulleyblank
    /swiat̚/
    Li
    Rong
    /siuɛt̚/
    Wang
    Li
    /sĭuɛt̚/
    Bernard
    Karlgren
    /si̯wɛt̚/
    Expected
    Mandarin
    Reflex
    xue
    BaxterSagart system 1.1 (2014)
    Character
    Reading # 1/1
    Modern
    Beijing
    (Pinyin)
    xuě
    Middle
    Chinese
    ‹ sjwet ›
    Old
    Chinese
    /*[s]ot/
    English snow

    Notes for Old Chinese notations in the Baxter–Sagart system:

    * Parentheses "()" indicate uncertain presence;
    * Square brackets "[]" indicate uncertain identity, e.g. *[t] as coda may in fact be *-t or *-p;
    * Angle brackets "<>" indicate infix;
    * Hyphen "-" indicates morpheme boundary;

    * Period "." indicates syllable boundary.
    Zhengzhang system (2003)
    Character
    Reading # 1/1
    No. 5477
    Phonetic
    component
    Rime
    group
    Rime
    subdivision
    2
    Corresponding
    MC rime
    Old
    Chinese
    /*sqʰʷed/

    Definitions[edit]

    1. snow
        ―  xiàxuě  ―  to snow
    2. to wipe away; to clean
    3. (Cantonese) ice; ice product

    Compounds[edit]


    Japanese[edit]

    Kanji[edit]

    (grade 2 “Kyōiku” kanji)

    Readings[edit]

    Compounds[edit]

    Etymology[edit]

    Kanji in this term
    ゆき
    Grade: 2
    kun’yomi

    ⟨yuki1/juki/

    From Old Japanese. Used in the Man'yōshū, completed some time after 759 CE.[1]

    Pronunciation[edit]

    Noun[edit]

    (hiragana ゆき, rōmaji yuki)

    1. snow
      • 931938, Wamyō Ruijushō, book 1, page 27-28:[3]
        雪 [...] 和名由岐、日本紀私記云、泡雪阿和由岐、其弱如水沫故云沫雪也
    2. (metaphoric) white hair
    3. cod (fish) (from an abbreviation of the standard kanji for cod, )

    Synonyms[edit]

    References[edit]

    1. ^ c. 759, Man'yōshū (book 5, poem 822), text here
    2. ^ 2006, 大辞林 (Daijirin), Third Edition (in Japanese), Tōkyō: Sanseidō, →ISBN
    3. ^ Minamoto, Shitagō; Kyōto Daigaku Bungakubu Kokugogaku Kokubungaku Kenkyūshitu (931–938) Shohon Shūsei Wamyō Ruijushō: Honbunhen (in Japanese), Kyōto: Rinsen, published 1968, →ISBN.

    Korean[edit]

    Hanja[edit]

    (eumhun (nun seol))

    1. snow
    2. white

    Compounds[edit]


    Vietnamese[edit]

    Han character[edit]

    (tuyết)

    1. snow

    Usage notes[edit]

    • Chữ Nôm. The modern Vietnamese word for snow is tuyết.

    References[edit]