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U+591C, 夜
CJK UNIFIED IDEOGRAPH-591C

[U+591B]
CJK Unified Ideographs
[U+591D]
See also:

Translingual[edit]

Stroke order
8 strokes

Han character[edit]

(radical 36, +5, 8 strokes, cangjie input 卜人弓大 (YONK), four-corner 00247, composition)

Derived characters[edit]

References[edit]

  • KangXi: page 246, character 18
  • Dai Kanwa Jiten: character 5763
  • Dae Jaweon: page 490, character 7
  • Hanyu Da Zidian: volume 1, page 285, character 1
  • Unihan data for U+591C

Chinese[edit]

simp. and trad.
variant forms

Glyph origin[edit]

Historical forms of the character
Western Zhou Shuowen Jiezi (compiled in Han) Liushutong (compiled in Ming)
Bronze inscriptions Small seal script Transcribed ancient scripts
夜-bronze.svg 夜-seal.svg 夜-bigseal.svg
Characters in the same phonetic series () (Zhengzhang, 2003) 
Old Chinese
*laːɡs
*laːɡs
*ʔsleːɡ
*ʔsleːɡ
*laːɡ
*laːɡ
*laːɡ
*laːɡ
*laːɡ
*laːɡ
*laːɡ
*laːɡ

Phono-semantic compound (形聲, OC *laːɡs): phonetic  (OC *laːɡ) + semantic  (moon).

The lower-right portion is a corruption/graphical variant of ; the remainder ( + ) is a reduced and distorted form of , used phonetically.

Etymology[edit]

From Proto-Sino-Tibetan *s-r(j)ak.

Pronunciation[edit]



Rime
Character
Reading # 1/1
Initial () (36)
Final () (100)
Tone (調) Departing (H)
Openness (開合) Open
Division () III
Fanqie
Reconstructions
Zhengzhang
Shangfang
/jiaH/
Pan
Wuyun
/jiaH/
Shao
Rongfen
/iaH/
Edwin
Pulleyblank
/jiaH/
Li
Rong
/iaH/
Wang
Li
/jĭaH/
Bernard
Karlgren
/i̯aH/
Expected
Mandarin
Reflex
BaxterSagart system 1.1 (2014)
Character
Reading # 1/1
Modern
Beijing
(Pinyin)
Middle
Chinese
‹ H ›
Old
Chinese
/*[ɢ]Ak-s/
English night

Notes for Old Chinese notations in the Baxter–Sagart system:

* Parentheses "()" indicate uncertain presence;
* Square brackets "[]" indicate uncertain identity, e.g. *[t] as coda may in fact be *-t or *-p;
* Angle brackets "<>" indicate infix;
* Hyphen "-" indicates morpheme boundary;

* Period "." indicates syllable boundary.
Zhengzhang system (2003)
Character
Reading # 1/1
No. 14992
Phonetic
component
Rime
group
Rime
subdivision
0
Corresponding
MC rime
Old
Chinese
/*laːɡs/

Definitions[edit]

  1. night
  2. occurring during the night
  3. (Cantonese) late (in the night)
    呢排晚晚返屋企 [Cantonese, trad. and simp.]
    Ngo5 ni1 paai4 maan5 maan5 dou1 hou2 je6 sin1 faan1 uk1 kei5-2. [Jyutping]
    Recently, I've been going home quite late in the night.
  4. Classifier for the number of nights.
    /   ―  sān tiān liǎng   ―  three days and two nights

Compounds[edit]


Japanese[edit]

Kanji[edit]

(grade 2 “Kyōiku” kanji)

  1. The night.

Readings[edit]

Compounds[edit]

Etymology 1[edit]

Kanji in this term
よる
Grade: 2
kun’yomi

Pronunciation[edit]

Noun[edit]

(hiragana よる, rōmaji yoru)

  1. night; the evening
     (とう) (きょう) (よる)
    Tōkyō no yoru
    Tokyo nights
     () (あん) (よる) ()ごす
    fuan na yoru o sugosu
    to endure a night of anxiety
    (literally, “to pass an uneasy night”)
     (よる)星空 (ほしぞら) () ()げる
    yoru no hoshizora o miageru
    to look up at the night's starry sky
     (よる)のヒットスタジオ
    Yoru no Hitto Sutajio”
    "Hit Studio of the Night" (prominent Japanese music show)

Etymology 2[edit]

Kanji in this term

Grade: 2
kun’yomi

Pronunciation[edit]

Noun[edit]

(hiragana , rōmaji yo)

  1. (literary) night; the evening
    真夏 (まなつ) () (ゆめ)
    “Manatsu no Yo no Yume”
    A Midsummer Night's Dream

References[edit]

  1. ^ 2006, 大辞林 (Daijirin), Third Edition (in Japanese), Tōkyō: Sanseidō, →ISBN
  2. ^ 1998, NHK日本語発音アクセント辞典 (NHK Japanese Pronunciation Accent Dictionary) (in Japanese), Tōkyō: NHK, →ISBN

Korean[edit]

Hanja[edit]

(eumhun (bam ya))

  1. night

Compounds[edit]


Oki-No-Erabu[edit]

Kanji[edit]

(kun'yomi いぃーる, romaji yīru)

Etymology[edit]

Cognate with mainland Japanese (yoru, night).

Noun[edit]

(hiragana いぃーる, romaji yīru)

  1. night

Okinawan[edit]

Kanji[edit]

(kun'yomi ゆる, romaji yuru, kun'yomi ゆー, romaji )

Etymology 1[edit]

Cognate with mainland Japanese (yoru, night).

Counter[edit]

(hiragana ゆる, romaji yuru)

  1. nights
    一夜 (ちゅゆる)
    chuyuru
    one night
    二夜 (たゆる)
    tayuru
    two nights

Noun[edit]

(hiragana ゆる, romaji yuru)

  1. night

Etymology 2[edit]

Cognate with mainland Japanese (yo, night).

Noun[edit]

(hiragana ゆー, romaji )

  1. night

References[edit]

  • 沖縄語辞典 (Okinawago Jiten, “Okinawan Dictionary”)[1], 1963

Vietnamese[edit]

Han character[edit]

(dạ, )

  1. This term needs a translation to English. Please help out and add a translation, then remove the text {{rfdef}}.

Yonaguni[edit]

Kanji[edit]

(kun'yomi どぅる, romaji duru)

Etymology[edit]

Cognate with mainland Japanese (yoru, night).

Noun[edit]

(hiragana どぅる, romaji duru)

  1. night