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U+814B, 腋
CJK UNIFIED IDEOGRAPH-814B

[U+814A]
CJK Unified Ideographs
[U+814C]

Translingual[edit]

Han character[edit]

(radical 130, +8, 12 strokes, cangjie input 月卜人大 (BYOK), four-corner 70247, composition)

References[edit]

  • KangXi: page 986, character 28
  • Dai Kanwa Jiten: character 29615
  • Dae Jaweon: page 1439, character 7
  • Hanyu Da Zidian: volume 3, page 2090, character 5
  • Unihan data for U+814B

Chinese[edit]

simp. and trad.

Glyph origin[edit]

Characters in the same phonetic series () (Zhengzhang, 2003) 
Old Chinese
*laːɡs
*laːɡs
*ʔsleːɡ
*ʔsleːɡ
*laːɡ
*laːɡ
*laːɡ
*laːɡ
*laːɡ
*laːɡ
*laːɡ
*laːɡ

Phono-semantic compound (形聲, OC *laːɡ): semantic  (flesh) + phonetic  (OC *laːɡs).

Etymology[edit]

From Proto-Sino-Tibetan *lak ~ *C-jak (arm; hand; wing), either via *jak (STEDT; Schuessler, 2007) or *lak (Shi, 2000; Handel, 2009). Compare Mizo zak (armpit), Tibetan ལག་པ (lag pa, arm; hand), Burmese လက် (lak, arm; hand).

Pronunciation[edit]



Rime
Character
Reading # 1/1
Initial () (36)
Final () (123)
Tone (調) Checked (Ø)
Openness (開合) Open
Division () III
Fanqie
Reconstructions
Zhengzhang
Shangfang
/jiᴇk̚/
Pan
Wuyun
/jiɛk̚/
Shao
Rongfen
/iæk̚/
Edwin
Pulleyblank
/jiajk̚/
Li
Rong
/iɛk̚/
Wang
Li
/jĭɛk̚/
Bernard
Karlgren
/i̯ɛk̚/
Expected
Mandarin
Reflex
BaxterSagart system 1.1 (2014)
Character
Reading # 1/1
Modern
Beijing
(Pinyin)
Middle
Chinese
‹ yek ›
Old
Chinese
/*[ɢ](r)Ak/
English armpit

Notes for Old Chinese notations in the Baxter–Sagart system:

* Parentheses "()" indicate uncertain presence;
* Square brackets "[]" indicate uncertain identity, e.g. *[t] as coda may in fact be *-t or *-p;
* Angle brackets "<>" indicate infix;
* Hyphen "-" indicates morpheme boundary;

* Period "." indicates syllable boundary.
Zhengzhang system (2003)
Character
Reading # 1/1
No. 15000
Phonetic
component
Rime
group
Rime
subdivision
0
Corresponding
MC rime
Old
Chinese
/*laːɡ/

Definitions[edit]

  1. armpit; underarm; axilla
  2. (botany) axil
  3. Alternative form of (, “to help; to assist”).

Synonyms[edit]

Dialectal synonyms of 胳肢窩 (“armpit; underarm”) [map]
Variety Location Words
Classical Chinese
Formal (Written Standard Chinese) 腋窩腋下
Mandarin Beijing 胳肢窩
Taiwan 胳肢窩腋下
Harbin 膈肢窩胳肢窩胳臼窩
Shenyang 胳肢窩胳肢窩兒
Hailar 胳肢窩
Ulan Hot 胳肢窩
Tongliao 胳肢窩
Chifeng 胳肢窩
Bayanhot 胳旯窩
Jinan 胳肢窩胳肢脖 Hui
Muping 夾肘窩
Luoyang 圪老知兒圪知窩
Jiedian 胳肘窩
Xi'an 胳肢窩
Qingdao 夾肘窩
Zhengzhou 膈老肢兒
Xining 胳皂窪
Xuzhou 膈肢兒膈肢窩兒膈肢窩
Yinchuan 胳勒窩胳勒叉
Lanzhou 胳肘窪
Ürümqi 胳澇窪
Wuhan 脅下窩
Chengdu 夾肢窩兒夾窩兒
Guiyang 夾肢窩
Guilin 膈肢窩
Liuzhou 膈肢窩
Yangzhou 夾乍窩
Nanjing 膈夾窩
Hefei 胳撓肢
Nantong 胳肢窩
Cantonese Guangzhou 胳肋底
Hong Kong 胳肋底
Shunde 胳肋底
Foshan 胳肋底
Zhongshan 胳肋底
Dongguan 肋赤下
Hong Kong (Weitou) 胳肋底
Doumen (Shangheng Tanka) 胳肋底
Taishan 胳肋
Kaiping 胳肋
Shaoguan 胳肋底
Yunfu 胳肋
Yangjiang 胳肋
Lianjiang 胳肋底
Nanning 胳肋底胳肋
Wuzhou 胳肋底胳肋
Yulin 肋仄
Hepu 胳肋肢窩
Kuala Lumpur 胳肋底
Gan Nanchang 脅夾裡胛下裡胛下
Lichuan 胳摘窩
Pingxiang 脅牯
Hakka Meixian 脅下手脅
Xingning 脅下
Huidong 肋赤下
Qujiang 手夾下
Xiaosanjiang 脥下
Luchuan 手夾
Changting 手脥下
Pingyu 手脥下
Wuping 手脥子下
Ninghua 脥赤腳下
Yudu 手脥下
Ruijin 手脥下
Shicheng 脅下
Shangyou 手脥下
Miaoli (N. Sixian) 手脥下脅下
Liudui (S. Sixian) 手脥下脅下
Hsinchu (Hailu) 手脥下脅下
Dongshi (Dabu) 脥下脅下
Zhuolan (Raoping) 手脥下脅下
Yunlin (Zhao'an) 手脅下脅下
Hong Kong 肋赤下
Sabah 肋赤下
Senai 肋赤下
Singkawang 脥下
Huizhou Jixi 膈辣下
Jin Taiyuan 膈離間膈夾窩
Xinzhou 胳正窩兒
Baochang 胳肢窩
Jining 膈老肢窩
Hohhot 胳肢窩
Baotou 胳老肢窩
Dongsheng 膈肢窩
Linhe 圪嶗子窩
Haibowan 胳肘窩
Min Bei Jian'ou 胳肢下
Songxi 胳鹿下
Zhenghe 胳鹿下
Jianyang 胳肢下
Wuyishan 胳肢下
Shibei 胳鹿下
Min Dong Fuzhou 胳腋下
Changle 胳腋下
Fuqing 胳腋下
Yongtai 胳腋下
Gutian 胳腋下
Fu'an 胳腋下
Shouning 胳腋下
Zhouning 胳腋下
Fuding 胳腋下
Min Nan Xiamen 胳下空胳耳空
Quanzhou 胳下空胳下胴
Zhangzhou 胳下空都知
Taipei 胳下空胳胴跤
Kaohsiung 胳耳空
Tainan 胳下空胳耳空
Taichung 胳胴跤
Wuqi 胳下胴
Hsinchu 胳下胴
Taitung 胳耳空
Lukang 胳下空
Sanxia 胳胴跤
Yilan 胳胴跤
Kinmen 胳下空
Magong 胳下空
Penang ketiak
Philippines (Manila) 胳下胴
Chaozhou 胳囊下
Shantou 胳囊下
Haifeng 胳當下
Wenchang 胛胳
Haikou 胛胳
Leizhou 膈胳
Puxian Min Putian 膈攬下
Xianyou 膈肋下
Pinghua Nanning 胳肋底
Guilin 膈肢窩
Wu Shanghai 胳肋竹胳肢窩
Suzhou 膈臘子
Hangzhou 肋膈肢底下
Wenzhou 脟扎下
Chongming 胳落
Danyang 夾肢窩夾肢下
Jinhua 膈肋下
Ningbo 肋膈肢下
Xiang Changsha 脅肋窩脅夾窩胳肢窩
Shuangfeng 脅角納脅角納裡
Xiangtan 脅納窩裡
Loudi 脅旯旮

Compounds[edit]


Japanese[edit]

Kanji[edit]

(uncommon “Hyōgai” kanji)

  1. armpit, underarm, axilla

Readings[edit]

  • On (unclassified): えき (eki); せき (seki)
  • Kun: わき (waki, )

Korean[edit]

Hanja[edit]

(aek) (hangeul , revised aek, McCune–Reischauer aek, Yale ayk)

  1. This term needs a translation to English. Please help out and add a translation, then remove the text {{rfdef}}.