Definition from Wiktionary, the free dictionary
Jump to: navigation, search

Translingual[edit]

Han character[edit]

(radical 108 +5, 10 strokes, cangjie input 廿金月廿 (TCBT), four-corner 80107, composition)

Derived characters[edit]

References[edit]

  • KangXi: page 793, character 18
  • Dai Kanwa Jiten: character 22972
  • Dae Jaweon: page 1208, character 18
  • Hanyu Da Zidian: volume 4, page 2560, character 6
  • Unihan data for U+76CA

Chinese[edit]

simp. and trad.

Pronunciation[edit]



Rime
Character
Reading # 1/1
Initial () (34)
Final () (123)
Tone (調) Checked (Ø)
Openness (開合) Open
Division () III
Fanqie
Reconstructions
Zhengzhang
Shangfang
/ʔiᴇk̚/
Pan
Wuyun
/ʔiɛk̚/
Shao
Rongfen
/ʔiæk̚/
Edwin
Pulleyblank
/ʔiajk̚/
Li
Rong
/ʔiɛk̚/
Wang
Li
/ĭɛk̚/
Bernard
Karlgren
/ʔi̯ɛk̚/
Expected
Mandarin
Reflex
yi
Baxter-Sagart system 1.1 (2014)
Character
Reading # 1/1
Modern
Beijing
(Pinyin)
Middle
Chinese
‹ ʔjiek ›
Old
Chinese
/*q[i]k/ (dialect: *-ik > *-ek)
English increase

Notes for Old Chinese notations in the Baxter-Sagart system:

* Parentheses "()" indicate uncertain presence;
* Square brackets "[]" indicate uncertain identity, e.g. *[t] as coda may in fact be *-t or *-p;
* Angle brackets "<>" indicate infix;
* Hyphen "-" indicates morpheme boundary;

* Period "." indicates syllable boundary.
Zhengzhang system (2003)
Character
Reading # 1/1
No. 15081
Phonetic
component
Rime
group
Rime
subdivision
0
Corresponding
MC rime
Old
Chinese
/*qleɡ/

Definitions[edit]

  1. profit; benefit
  2. advantage
  3. 42nd hexagram of the I Ching

Compounds[edit]


Japanese[edit]

Kanji[edit]

(grade 5 “Kyōiku” kanji)

  1. benefit
  2. gain
  3. profit
  4. advantage

Readings[edit]

Etymology 1[edit]

Kanji in this term
えき
Grade: 5
on'yomi

From Middle Chinese ‎(ʔjiek, increase). The kan'on reading, so likely a later borrowing.

Pronunciation[edit]

Noun[edit]

‎(hiragana えき, romaji eki)

  1. benefit
Derived terms[edit]

Etymology 2[edit]

Kanji in this term
やく
Grade: 5
on'yomi

From Middle Chinese ‎(ʔjiek, increase). The goon reading, so likely the initial borrowing.

Pronunciation[edit]

Noun[edit]

‎(hiragana やく, romaji yaku)

  1. benefit

Etymology 3[edit]

Kanji in this term
ますます
Grade: 5
kun'yomi

Reduplication of 増す ‎(masu).[1]

Pronunciation[edit]

Alternative forms[edit]

Noun[edit]

‎(hiragana ますます, romaji masumasu)

  1. even more

References[edit]

  1. 1.0 1.1 1.2 1.3 1.4 2006, 大辞林 (Daijirin), Third Edition (in Japanese), Tōkyō: Sanseidō, ISBN 4-385-13905-9
  2. 2.0 2.1 2.2 1998, NHK日本語発音アクセント辞典 (NHK Japanese Pronunciation Accent Dictionary) (in Japanese), Tōkyō: NHK, ISBN 978-4-14-011112-3

Korean[edit]

Hanja[edit]

‎(ik) (hangeul , revised ik, McCune-Reischauer ik, Yale ik)

  1. add
  2. gain, profit
  3. plenty

Vietnamese[edit]

Han character[edit]

(ích, ịch)

  1. This term needs a translation to English. Please help out and add a translation, then remove the text {{rfdef}}.