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U+6613, 易
CJK UNIFIED IDEOGRAPH-6613

[U+6612]
CJK Unified Ideographs
[U+6614]
See also:

Translingual[edit]

Han character[edit]

(radical 72 +4, 8 strokes, cangjie input 日心竹竹 (APHH), four-corner 60227, composition)

Derived characters[edit]

References[edit]

  • KangXi: page 492, character 3
  • Dai Kanwa Jiten: character 13814
  • Dae Jaweon: page 854, character 8
  • Hanyu Da Zidian: volume 2, page 1494, character 1
  • Unihan data for U+6613

Chinese[edit]

Glyph origin[edit]

Historical forms of the character
Oracle bone script Bronze inscriptions Bamboo and silk script Large seal script Small seal script
易-oracle.svg 易-bronze.svg 易-silk.svg 易-bigseal.svg 易-seal.svg
Characters in the same phonetic series () (Zhengzhang, 2003) 
Old Chinese
*sleːɡs
*sleɡs
*ɦljeʔ
*leːɡs, *leɡ
*leɡs
*sljeɡ
*hljeɡ
*hljeɡ
*leɡ
*leɡ
*leɡ
*l̥ʰeːɡ
*l̥ʰeːɡ
*tʰeːɡ
*l̥ʰeːɡ
*sleːɡ
*sleːɡ
*sleːɡ

Oracle bone and bronze inscriptions: original form of (OC *sleːɡs, “to confer, to bestow”); specialised from (OC *qleɡ, “to benefit”).

Shuowen: pictogram (象形), original form of (OC *leɡ, “lizard”).

Etymology 1[edit]

simp. and trad.

From (OC *lal, “to change; to alter”) + k-extension (Schuessler, 2007).

This etymology is incomplete. You can help Wiktionary by elaborating on the origins of this term.

Pronunciation[edit]


Note:
  • e̍k/ia̍k - literary;
  • ia̍h - vernacular.
Note:
  • êg8 - literary;
  • iah8 - vernacular (only when referring to 易經).

Rime
Character
Reading # 2/2
Initial () (36)
Final () (123)
Tone (調) Checked (Ø)
Openness (開合) Open
Division () III
Fanqie
Reconstructions
Zhengzhang
Shangfang
/jiᴇk̚/
Pan
Wuyun
/jiɛk̚/
Shao
Rongfen
/iæk̚/
Edwin
Pulleyblank
/jiajk̚/
Li
Rong
/iɛk̚/
Wang
Li
/jĭɛk̚/
Bernard
Karlgren
/i̯ɛk̚/
Expected
Mandarin
Reflex
Baxter-Sagart system 1.1 (2014)
Character
Reading # 2/2
Modern
Beijing
(Pinyin)
Middle
Chinese
‹ yek ›
Old
Chinese
/*lek/
English change; exchange

Notes for Old Chinese notations in the Baxter-Sagart system:

* Parentheses "()" indicate uncertain presence;
* Square brackets "[]" indicate uncertain identity, e.g. *[t] as coda may in fact be *-t or *-p;
* Angle brackets "<>" indicate infix;
* Hyphen "-" indicates morpheme boundary;

* Period "." indicates syllable boundary.
Zhengzhang system (2003)
Character
Reading # 2/2
No. 15034
Phonetic
component
Rime
group
Rime
subdivision
0
Corresponding
MC rime
Old
Chinese
/*leɡ/
Notes

Definitions[edit]

  1. to exchange; to interchange
  2. to change; to alter; to modify
  3. Short for 易經易经 (Yìjīng, “I Ching”).
  4. A surname​.

Etymology 2[edit]

simp. and trad.

From Proto-Sino-Tibetan *lwa(ː)y (easy). Cognate with Burmese လွယ် (lwai, easy).

Pronunciation[edit]


Rime
Character
Reading # 1/2
Initial () (36)
Final () (11)
Tone (調) Departing (H)
Openness (開合) Open
Division () III
Fanqie
Reconstructions
Zhengzhang
Shangfang
/jiᴇH/
Pan
Wuyun
/jiɛH/
Shao
Rongfen
/jɛH/
Edwin
Pulleyblank
/jiə̆H/
Li
Rong
/ieH/
Wang
Li
/jǐeH/
Bernard
Karlgren
/ie̯H/
Expected
Mandarin
Reflex
Baxter-Sagart system 1.1 (2014)
Character
Reading # 1/2
Modern
Beijing
(Pinyin)
Middle
Chinese
‹ yeH ›
Old
Chinese
/*lek-s/
English easy

Notes for Old Chinese notations in the Baxter-Sagart system:

* Parentheses "()" indicate uncertain presence;
* Square brackets "[]" indicate uncertain identity, e.g. *[t] as coda may in fact be *-t or *-p;
* Angle brackets "<>" indicate infix;
* Hyphen "-" indicates morpheme boundary;

* Period "." indicates syllable boundary.
Zhengzhang system (2003)
Character
Reading # 1/2
No. 15029
Phonetic
component
Rime
group
Rime
subdivision
0
Corresponding
MC rime
Old
Chinese
/*leːɡs/

Definitions[edit]

  1. easy; simple; not difficult
  2. gentle; kind
  3. effortless; prone to
  4. easily; effortlessly

Etymology 3[edit]

simp. and trad.
alt. forms
EB1911 - Volume 01 - Page 001 - 1.svg This entry lacks etymological information. If you are familiar with the origin of this term, please add it to the page per etymology instructions. You can also discuss it at the Etymology scriptorium.

Pronunciation[edit]


Definitions[edit]

  1. (Min) easy; not difficult

Compounds[edit]


Japanese[edit]

Kanji[edit]

(grade 5 “Kyōiku” kanji)

Readings[edit]

Noun[edit]

(hiragana えき, rōmaji eki)

  1. divination
  2. fortune-telling

Synonyms[edit]


Korean[edit]

Hanja[edit]

(yeok, i) (hangeul , , revised yeok, i, McCune-Reischauer yŏk, i, Yale yek, i)

  1. This term needs a translation to English. Please help out and add a translation, then remove the text {{rfdef}}.

Vietnamese[edit]

Han character[edit]

(dịch, dể, dễ, di, diệc, dẻ, dẹ, dị, dịu, rẻ, rể)

  1. This term needs a translation to English. Please help out and add a translation, then remove the text {{rfdef}}.