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U+7F8A, 羊
CJK UNIFIED IDEOGRAPH-7F8A

[U+7F89]
CJK Unified Ideographs
[U+7F8B]
U+2F7A, ⽺
KANGXI RADICAL SHEEP

[U+2F79]
Kangxi Radicals
[U+2F7B]
U+2EB6, ⺶
CJK RADICAL SHEEP

[U+2EB5]
CJK Radicals Supplement
[U+2EB7]

Translingual[edit]

Stroke order
6 strokes
Stroke order

Han character[edit]

(Kangxi radical 123, +0, 6 strokes, cangjie input 廿手 (TQ), four-corner 80501, composition 𰀁)

  1. Kangxi radical #123, .

Derived characters[edit]

References[edit]

  • KangXi: page 950, character 38
  • Dai Kanwa Jiten: character 28425
  • Dae Jaweon: page 1393, character 8
  • Hanyu Da Zidian (first edition): volume 5, page 3125, character 1
  • Unihan data for U+7F8A

Chinese[edit]

simp. and trad.

Glyph origin[edit]

Historical forms of the character
Shang Western Zhou Shuowen Jiezi (compiled in Han) Liushutong (compiled in Ming)
Oracle bone script Bronze inscriptions Small seal script Transcribed ancient scripts

Pictogram (象形) – picture of a ram's head.

Etymology 1[edit]

From Proto-Sino-Tibetan *g-jaŋ (sheep; yak). Cognate with Tibetan གཡག (g.yag, yak), Lepcha ᰚᰩᰭ (yók, yak), Tangut 𗇼 (*gjwã², goat), Northern Tujia zo³⁵ (goat; sheep).

Pronunciation[edit]


Note:
  • iûⁿ/iôⁿ/iâuⁿ - vernacular;
  • iông - literary.
Note:
  • iên5 - vernacular (Chaozhou, Chenghai, Bangkok, Chiang Mai);
  • ion5 - vernacular (Shantou, Chaoyang, Jieyang, Raoping, Pontianak, Hat Yai);
  • iang5 - literary.
  • Wu
  • Xiang

    • Dialectal data
    Variety Location
    Mandarin Beijing /iɑŋ³⁵/
    Harbin /iaŋ²⁴/
    Tianjin /iɑŋ⁴⁵/
    Jinan /iaŋ⁴²/
    Qingdao /iaŋ⁴²/
    Zhengzhou /iaŋ⁴²/
    Xi'an /iaŋ²⁴/
    Xining /iɔ̃²⁴/
    Yinchuan /iɑŋ⁵³/
    Lanzhou /iɑ̃⁵³/
    Ürümqi /iɑŋ⁵¹/
    Wuhan /iaŋ²¹³/
    Chengdu /iaŋ³¹/
    Guiyang /iaŋ²¹/
    Kunming /iã̠¹/
    Nanjing /iaŋ²⁴/
    Hefei /iɑ̃⁵⁵/
    Jin Taiyuan /iɒ̃¹¹/
    Pingyao /iɑŋ¹³/
    /yə¹³/ ~子
    Hohhot /iɑ̃³¹/
    Wu Shanghai /ɦiã²³/
    Suzhou /ɦiã¹³/
    Hangzhou /ɦiɑŋ²¹³/
    Wenzhou /ji³¹/
    Hui Shexian /ia⁴⁴/
    Tunxi /iau⁴⁴/
    Xiang Changsha /ian¹³/
    Xiangtan /ian¹²/
    Gan Nanchang /iɔŋ⁴⁵/
    Hakka Meixian /ioŋ¹¹/
    Taoyuan /ʒoŋ¹¹/
    Cantonese Guangzhou /jœŋ²¹/
    Nanning /jœŋ²¹/
    Hong Kong /jœŋ²¹/
    Min Xiamen (Min Nan) /iɔŋ³⁵/
    /iũ³⁵/
    Fuzhou (Min Dong) /yoŋ⁵³/
    Jian'ou (Min Bei) /iɔŋ³³/
    Shantou (Min Nan) /iõ⁵⁵/
    Haikou (Min Nan) /iaŋ³¹/
    /io³¹/

    Rime
    Character
    Reading # 1/1
    Initial () (36)
    Final () (105)
    Tone (調) Level (Ø)
    Openness (開合) Open
    Division () III
    Fanqie
    Baxter yang
    Reconstructions
    Zhengzhang
    Shangfang
    /jɨɐŋ/
    Pan
    Wuyun
    /jiɐŋ/
    Shao
    Rongfen
    /iɑŋ/
    Edwin
    Pulleyblank
    /jɨaŋ/
    Li
    Rong
    /iaŋ/
    Wang
    Li
    /jĭaŋ/
    Bernard
    Karlgren
    /i̯aŋ/
    Expected
    Mandarin
    Reflex
    yáng
    Expected
    Cantonese
    Reflex
    joeng4
    BaxterSagart system 1.1 (2014)
    Character
    Reading # 1/1
    Modern
    Beijing
    (Pinyin)
    yáng
    Middle
    Chinese
    ‹ yang ›
    Old
    Chinese
    /*ɢaŋ/
    English sheep

    Notes for Old Chinese notations in the Baxter–Sagart system:

    * Parentheses "()" indicate uncertain presence;
    * Square brackets "[]" indicate uncertain identity, e.g. *[t] as coda may in fact be *-t or *-p;
    * Angle brackets "<>" indicate infix;
    * Hyphen "-" indicates morpheme boundary;

    * Period "." indicates syllable boundary.
    Zhengzhang system (2003)
    Character
    Reading # 1/1
    No. 14535
    Phonetic
    component
    Rime
    group
    Rime
    subdivision
    0
    Corresponding
    MC rime
    Old
    Chinese
    /*laŋ/

    Definitions[edit]

    1. caprid (e.g. sheep, goat, antelope, etc.) (Classifier: m c)
    2. (slang, neologism, humorous) Alternative form of (yáng, positive result (in a medical test))
    3. Alternative form of (xiáng, auspicious)
    4. Alternative form of (yáng)
    5. a surname: Yang
    Synonyms[edit]
    • (sheep, goat):

    Compounds[edit]

    Descendants[edit]

    Sino-Xenic ():
    • Japanese: (よう) ()
    • Korean: 양(羊) (yang)
    • Vietnamese: dương ()

    Others:

    See also[edit]

    References[edit]

    Etymology 2[edit]

    Orthographic borrowing from translingual ¥. Perhaps influenced by 大洋 (dàyáng).

    Pronunciation[edit]


    Definitions[edit]

    1. (slang) Japanese yen
    2. (slang) Chinese yuan

    Japanese[edit]

    Kanji in this term
    ひつじ
    Grade: 3
    kun’yomi

    Kanji[edit]

    (grade 3 “Kyōiku” kanji)

    1. sheep

    Readings[edit]

    Etymology 1[edit]

    Kanji in this term
    ひつじ
    Grade: 3
    kun’yomi
    A user suggests that this Japanese entry be cleaned up, giving the reason: “Add problems with the mentioned theories, then remove this message. Pinging: @Eirikr.
    Please see the discussion on Requests for cleanup(+) or the talk page for more information and remove this template after the problem has been dealt with.

    From Old Japanese, from Proto-Japonic *pitunsi. First attested in the Nihon Shoki of 720 CE.[1]

    There are various theories regarding the ultimate derivation:

    • From the Chinese zodiac (wèi, the 8th earthly branches, symbol of sheep), spoken as 日辻 (hitsuji, literally day crossing), in reference to the western sunset at that time.[2]
    • Compound of (hige, beard) +‎ (tsu, genitive particle) +‎ (ushi, cow, ox).[2]
      • Samuel Martin reconstructs hitsuji as Proto-Japonic *pitunsi and derives it as a compound of *pi (unknown, perhaps the same pi found in *pinkay (beard)) +‎ *tu (possibly the genitive particle (tu)) +‎ *-n- (possibly a contraction of the genitive particle (no)) +‎ *-(u)si (related to animals, as in (shishi, meat, obsolete), (shishi, animal (used for meat), obsolete), or possibly (ushi, cow, ox)).[3]
    The ushi changes to uji as an instance of rendaku (連濁). However rendaku only applies to the first syllable of a word, so Martin reconstructs ushi as being a compound of *u- (unknown) +‎ *-si (related to animals; see above for examples), and that the *-si suffix can be isolated, with an optional *-n- to nasalize it.[3]
    • Sound shift from 人牛 (hito-ushi, literally person cow).[2]
    • Theories exist for meaning 養獣 (hitasu-shishi, literally cultivated meat) and 養牛 (hitashi-ushi, literally raised cow).[2]
      • In Old Japanese, 日足す (pitasu, modern spelling 養たす (hitasu)) meant to nurture. This was first attested in the Kojiki of 712 CE.[4]
    As ushi is a cow or an ox and hitsuji is a sheep, the sound shift most likely using hitashi-ushi mentioned above can be proposed:[2]
    /hitashiushi//hitaushi//hitsuji/

    Pronunciation[edit]

     ヒツジ on Japanese Wikipedia

    Noun[edit]

    (ひつじ) (hitsuji

    1. a sheep (animal)
      • 1999 March 6, “スリーピィ [Sleepie]”, in Starter Box(スターターボックス), Konami:
        しっぽの(なが)ひつじ。しっぽを使(つか)(さい)(みん)(じゅつ)をかけ、(すい)()(さそ)う。
        Shippo no nagai hitsuji. Shippo o tsukai saiminjutsu o kake, suima o sasou.
        A sheep that will mesmerize you to sleep with its long tail.
    Usage notes[edit]

    As with many terms that name organisms, this term is often spelled in katakana, especially in biological contexts (where katakana is customary), as ヒツジ.

    Derived terms[edit]

    Etymology 2[edit]

    Kanji in this term
    よう
    Grade: 3
    on’yomi

    From Middle Chinese (MC yang).

    Pronunciation[edit]

    Affix[edit]

    (よう) (

    1. a sheep (animal)

    References[edit]

    1. ^ ”, in 日本国語大辞典 (Nihon Kokugo Daijiten, Nihon Kokugo Daijiten)[1] (in Japanese), 2nd edition, Tōkyō: Shogakukan, 2000, →ISBN
    2. 2.0 2.1 2.2 2.3 2.4 ヒツジ/羊/ひつじ - Gogen Yurai Jiten (in Japanese)
    3. 3.0 3.1 Martin, Samuel E. (1987) The Japanese Language Through Time, New Haven, London: Yale University Press, →ISBN
    4. ^ ”, in 日本国語大辞典 (Nihon Kokugo Daijiten, Nihon Kokugo Daijiten)[2] (in Japanese), 2nd edition, Tōkyō: Shogakukan, 2000, →ISBN
    5. ^ 1998, NHK日本語発音アクセント辞典 (NHK Japanese Pronunciation Accent Dictionary) (in Japanese), Tōkyō: NHK, →ISBN
    6. ^ 2006, 大辞林 (Daijirin), Third Edition (in Japanese), Tōkyō: Sanseidō, →ISBN
    7. ^ 1997, 新明解国語辞典 (Shin Meikai Kokugo Jiten), Fifth Edition (in Japanese), Tōkyō: Sanseidō, →ISBN

    Korean[edit]

    Etymology[edit]

    From Middle Chinese (MC yang). Recorded as Middle Korean 야ᇰ (yang) (Yale: yang) in Hunmong Jahoe (訓蒙字會 / 훈몽자회), 1527.

    Hanja[edit]

    Korean Wikisource has texts containing the hanja:

    Wikisource

    (eumhun (yang yang))

    1. Hanja form? of (sheep).

    Compounds[edit]

    References[edit]

    • 국제퇴계학회 대구경북지부 (國際退溪學會 大邱慶北支部) (2007). Digital Hanja Dictionary, 전자사전/電子字典. [3]

    Vietnamese[edit]

    Han character[edit]

    : Hán Nôm readings: dương

    1. This term needs a translation to English. Please help out and add a translation, then remove the text {{rfdef}}.