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U+7F8A, 羊
CJK UNIFIED IDEOGRAPH-7F8A

[U+7F89]
CJK Unified Ideographs
[U+7F8B]

Translingual[edit]

Stroke order
6 strokes
Stroke order
羊-order.gif

Han character[edit]

(radical 123, +0, 6 strokes, cangjie input 廿手 (TQ), four-corner 80501, composition𰀁)

  1. Kangxi radical #123, .

Derived characters[edit]

References[edit]

  • KangXi: page 950, character 38
  • Dai Kanwa Jiten: character 28425
  • Dae Jaweon: page 1393, character 8
  • Hanyu Da Zidian (first edition): volume 5, page 3125, character 1
  • Unihan data for U+7F8A

Chinese[edit]

simp. and trad.

Glyph origin[edit]

Historical forms of the character
Shang Western Zhou Shuowen Jiezi (compiled in Han) Liushutong (compiled in Ming)
Oracle bone script Bronze inscriptions Small seal script Transcribed ancient scripts
羊-oracle.svg 羊-bronze.svg 羊-seal.svg 羊-bigseal.svg

Pictogram (象形) – picture of a ram's head.

Etymology[edit]

From Proto-Sino-Tibetan *g-jaŋ (sheep; yak). Cognate with Tibetan གཡག (g.yag, yak), Lepcha ᰚᰩᰭ (yók, yak), Tangut 𗇼 (gjwã, goat), Northern Tujia zo³⁵ (goat; sheep).

Pronunciation[edit]


Note:
  • iûⁿ/iôⁿ/iâuⁿ - vernacular;
  • iông - literary.
Note:
  • iên5/ion5 - vernacular;
  • iang5 - literary.
  • Wu
  • Xiang

    • Dialectal data
    Variety Location
    Mandarin Beijing /iɑŋ³⁵/
    Harbin /iaŋ²⁴/
    Tianjin /iɑŋ⁴⁵/
    Jinan /iaŋ⁴²/
    Qingdao /iaŋ⁴²/
    Zhengzhou /iaŋ⁴²/
    Xi'an /iaŋ²⁴/
    Xining /iɔ̃²⁴/
    Yinchuan /iɑŋ⁵³/
    Lanzhou /iɑ̃⁵³/
    Ürümqi /iɑŋ⁵¹/
    Wuhan /iaŋ²¹³/
    Chengdu /iaŋ³¹/
    Guiyang /iaŋ²¹/
    Kunming /iã̠¹/
    Nanjing /iaŋ²⁴/
    Hefei /iɑ̃⁵⁵/
    Jin Taiyuan /iɒ̃¹¹/
    Pingyao /iɑŋ¹³/
    /yə¹³/ ~子
    Hohhot /iɑ̃³¹/
    Wu Shanghai /ɦiã²³/
    Suzhou /ɦiã¹³/
    Hangzhou /ɦiɑŋ²¹³/
    Wenzhou /ji³¹/
    Hui Shexian /ia⁴⁴/
    Tunxi /iau⁴⁴/
    Xiang Changsha /ian¹³/
    Xiangtan /ian¹²/
    Gan Nanchang /iɔŋ⁴⁵/
    Hakka Meixian /ioŋ¹¹/
    Taoyuan /ʒoŋ¹¹/
    Cantonese Guangzhou /jœŋ²¹/
    Nanning /jœŋ²¹/
    Hong Kong /jœŋ²¹/
    Min Xiamen (Min Nan) /iɔŋ³⁵/
    /iũ³⁵/
    Fuzhou (Min Dong) /yoŋ⁵³/
    Jian'ou (Min Bei) /iɔŋ³³/
    Shantou (Min Nan) /iõ⁵⁵/
    Haikou (Min Nan) /iaŋ³¹/
    /io³¹/

    Rime
    Character
    Reading # 1/1
    Initial () (36)
    Final () (105)
    Tone (調) Level (Ø)
    Openness (開合) Open
    Division () III
    Fanqie
    Reconstructions
    Zhengzhang
    Shangfang
    /jɨɐŋ/
    Pan
    Wuyun
    /jiɐŋ/
    Shao
    Rongfen
    /iɑŋ/
    Edwin
    Pulleyblank
    /jɨaŋ/
    Li
    Rong
    /iaŋ/
    Wang
    Li
    /jĭaŋ/
    Bernard
    Karlgren
    /i̯aŋ/
    Expected
    Mandarin
    Reflex
    yáng
    BaxterSagart system 1.1 (2014)
    Character
    Reading # 1/1
    Modern
    Beijing
    (Pinyin)
    yáng
    Middle
    Chinese
    ‹ yang ›
    Old
    Chinese
    /*ɢaŋ/
    English sheep

    Notes for Old Chinese notations in the Baxter–Sagart system:

    * Parentheses "()" indicate uncertain presence;
    * Square brackets "[]" indicate uncertain identity, e.g. *[t] as coda may in fact be *-t or *-p;
    * Angle brackets "<>" indicate infix;
    * Hyphen "-" indicates morpheme boundary;

    * Period "." indicates syllable boundary.
    Zhengzhang system (2003)
    Character
    Reading # 1/1
    No. 14535
    Phonetic
    component
    Rime
    group
    Rime
    subdivision
    0
    Corresponding
    MC rime
    Old
    Chinese
    /*laŋ/

    Definitions[edit]

    1. caprid, eg. sheep, goat, antelope (Classifier: )
    2. A surname​.

    Synonyms[edit]

    Compounds[edit]

    Descendants[edit]

    Sino-Xenic ():
    • Japanese: (よう) ()
    • Korean: (, yang)
    • Vietnamese: dương ()

    References[edit]


    Japanese[edit]

    Kanji in this term
    ひつじ
    Grade: 3
    kun’yomi

    Kanji[edit]

    (grade 3 “Kyōiku” kanji)

    1. sheep

    Readings[edit]

    Etymology 1[edit]

    Pronunciation[edit]

    Kanji in this term
    ひつじ
    Grade: 3
    kun’yomi
    Wikipedia-logo.png
     ヒツジ on Japanese Wikipedia

    Noun[edit]

    (ひつじ) (hitsuji

    1. a sheep (animal)
      • 1999 March 6, “スリーピィ [Sleepie]”, in Starter Box(スターターボックス), Konami:
        しっぽの(なが)ひつじ。しっぽを使(つか)(さい)(みん)(じゅつ)をかけ、(すい)()(さそ)う。
        Shippo no nagai hitsuji. Shippo o tsukai saiminjutsu o kake, suima o sasou.
        A sheep that will mesmerize you to sleep with its long tail.

    Usage notes[edit]

    As with many terms that name organisms, this term is often spelled in katakana, especially in biological contexts, as ヒツジ.

    Derived terms[edit]

    Etymology 2[edit]

    Kanji in this term
    よう
    Grade: 3
    on’yomi

    Pronunciation[edit]

    Affix[edit]

    (よう) (

    1. a sheep (animal)

    References[edit]

    1. ^ 1998, NHK日本語発音アクセント辞典 (NHK Japanese Pronunciation Accent Dictionary) (in Japanese), Tōkyō: NHK, →ISBN
    2. ^ 2006, 大辞林 (Daijirin), Third Edition (in Japanese), Tōkyō: Sanseidō, →ISBN
    3. ^ 1997, 新明解国語辞典 (Shin Meikai Kokugo Jiten), Fifth Edition (in Japanese), Tōkyō: Sanseidō, →ISBN

    Korean[edit]

    Hanja[edit]

    (eumhun (yang yang))

    1. Hanja form? of (sheep).

    Vietnamese[edit]

    Han character[edit]

    (dương)

    1. This term needs a translation to English. Please help out and add a translation, then remove the text {{rfdef}}.