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Translingual[edit]

Han character[edit]

(radical 85 +6, 9 strokes, cangjie input 水廿手 (ETQ), four-corner 38151, composition)

References[edit]

  • KangXi: page 619, character 28
  • Dai Kanwa Jiten: character 17363
  • Dae Jaweon: page 1014, character 19
  • Hanyu Da Zidian: volume 3, page 1615, character 11
  • Unihan data for U+6D0B

Chinese[edit]

simp. and trad.

Glyph origin[edit]

Phono-semantic compound (形聲, OC *ljaŋ, *laŋ): semantic  ‎(water) + phonetic  ‎(OC *laŋ).

Etymology[edit]

“Multitudinous; vast; ocean”:

Schuessler (2007) compares it with Tibetan ཡངས་པ ‎(yangs pa, wide; extensive; vast; spacious). In contrast, Starostin sets up Proto-Sino-Tibetan *lɨ̆ŋ ‎(wave), encompassing this and Tibetan ཀློང ‎(klong, space; expanse; wave), Burmese လှိုင်း ‎(hluing:, wave; to abound; plentiful).

Compare (OC *laŋs, “(of rivers) long”), (OC *laŋs, “waves; (of rivers) long”).

Pronunciation 1[edit]



Rime
Character
Reading # 1/2
Initial () (36)
Final () (105)
Tone (調) Level (Ø)
Openness (開合) Open
Division () III
Fanqie
Reconstructions
Zhengzhang
Shangfang
/jɨɐŋ/
Pan
Wuyun
/jiɐŋ/
Shao
Rongfen
/iɑŋ/
Edwin
Pulleyblank
/jɨaŋ/
Li
Rong
/iaŋ/
Wang
Li
/jĭaŋ/
Bernard
Karlgren
/i̯aŋ/
Expected
Mandarin
Reflex
yáng
Baxter-Sagart system 1.1 (2014)
Character
Reading # 1/1
Modern
Beijing
(Pinyin)
yáng
Middle
Chinese
‹ yang ›
Old
Chinese
/*ɢ(r)aŋ/
English "great expanse of water"

Notes for Old Chinese notations in the Baxter-Sagart system:

* Parentheses "()" indicate uncertain presence;
* Square brackets "[]" indicate uncertain identity, e.g. *[t] as coda may in fact be *-t or *-p;
* Angle brackets "<>" indicate infix;
* Hyphen "-" indicates morpheme boundary;

* Period "." indicates syllable boundary.
Zhengzhang system (2003)
Character
Reading # 2/2
No. 14536
Phonetic
component
Rime
group
Rime
subdivision
0
Corresponding
MC rime
Old
Chinese
/*laŋ/

Definitions[edit]

  1. Name of a river in southern Shaanxi.
  2. multitudinous; vast
  3. ocean; vast area of sea; great expanse of water
  4. overseas; foreign; western; imported
  5. modern; stylish; fashionable
  6. novel; unusual
  7. (historical) foreign money; dollar
  8. (Min Dong) vast expanse of flat land
  9. A surname​.

Compounds[edit]

Pronunciation 2[edit]



Rime
Character
Reading # 2/2
Initial () (17)
Final () (105)
Tone (調) Level (Ø)
Openness (開合) Open
Division () III
Fanqie
Reconstructions
Zhengzhang
Shangfang
/zɨɐŋ/
Pan
Wuyun
/ziɐŋ/
Shao
Rongfen
/ziɑŋ/
Edwin
Pulleyblank
/zɨaŋ/
Li
Rong
/ziaŋ/
Wang
Li
/zĭaŋ/
Bernard
Karlgren
/zi̯aŋ/
Expected
Mandarin
Reflex
xiáng
Zhengzhang system (2003)
Character
Reading # 1/2
No. 14525
Phonetic
component
Rime
group
Rime
subdivision
0
Corresponding
MC rime
Old
Chinese
/*ljaŋ/

Definitions[edit]

  1. Alternative form of (xiáng, “to soar; wing; side”).
  2. Alternative form of (xiáng, “good fortune; to bless”).
  3. Alternative form of (xiáng, “gentle; tender”).
  4. Alternative term for 彌河弥河 (“Mi River in Shandong”).
  5. () Yang Prefecture (ancient prefecture in Shaanxi)

Japanese[edit]

Kanji[edit]

(grade 3 “Kyōiku” kanji)

  1. This term needs a translation to English. Please help out and add a translation, then remove the text {{rfdef}}.

Readings[edit]

Proper noun[edit]

‎(hiragana ひろし, romaji Hiroshi)

  1. A male given name

Korean[edit]

Hanja[edit]

‎(yang) (hangeul , revised yang, McCune-Reischauer yang, Yale yang)

  1. ocean
  2. western(西洋)

compounds[edit]


Vietnamese[edit]

Han character[edit]

(dương)

  1. This term needs a translation to English. Please help out and add a translation, then remove the text {{rfdef}}.