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U+6D0B, 洋
CJK UNIFIED IDEOGRAPH-6D0B

[U+6D0A]
CJK Unified Ideographs
[U+6D0C]

Translingual[edit]

Han character[edit]

(radical 85, +6, 9 strokes, cangjie input 水廿手 (ETQ), four-corner 38151, composition)

References[edit]

  • KangXi: page 619, character 28
  • Dai Kanwa Jiten: character 17363
  • Dae Jaweon: page 1014, character 19
  • Hanyu Da Zidian (first edition): volume 3, page 1615, character 11
  • Unihan data for U+6D0B

Chinese[edit]

simp. and trad.
Wikipedia has articles on:

Glyph origin[edit]

Phono-semantic compound (形聲, OC *ljaŋ, *laŋ): semantic  (water) + phonetic  (OC *laŋ).

Etymology[edit]

“Multitudinous; vast; ocean”
Schuessler (2007) compares it with Tibetan ཡངས་པ (yangs pa, wide; extensive; vast; spacious). In contrast, Starostin sets up Proto-Sino-Tibetan *lɨ̆ŋ (wave), encompassing this and Tibetan ཀློང (klong, space; expanse; wave), Burmese လှိုင်း (hluing:, wave; to abound; plentiful).
Compare (OC *laŋs, “(of rivers) long”), (OC *laŋs, “waves; (of rivers) long”).

Pronunciation 1[edit]


Note:
  • iûⁿ/iôⁿ - vernacular;
  • iông/iâng - literary.
Note:
  • ion5/iên5 - vernacular (iên5 - Chaozhou);
  • iang5 - literary.
  • Wu
  • Xiang

    Rime
    Character
    Reading # 1/2
    Initial () (36)
    Final () (105)
    Tone (調) Level (Ø)
    Openness (開合) Open
    Division () III
    Fanqie
    Reconstructions
    Zhengzhang
    Shangfang
    /jɨɐŋ/
    Pan
    Wuyun
    /jiɐŋ/
    Shao
    Rongfen
    /iɑŋ/
    Edwin
    Pulleyblank
    /jɨaŋ/
    Li
    Rong
    /iaŋ/
    Wang
    Li
    /jĭaŋ/
    Bernard
    Karlgren
    /i̯aŋ/
    Expected
    Mandarin
    Reflex
    yáng
    BaxterSagart system 1.1 (2014)
    Character
    Reading # 1/1
    Modern
    Beijing
    (Pinyin)
    yáng
    Middle
    Chinese
    ‹ yang ›
    Old
    Chinese
    /*ɢ(r)aŋ/
    English "great expanse of water"

    Notes for Old Chinese notations in the Baxter–Sagart system:

    * Parentheses "()" indicate uncertain presence;
    * Square brackets "[]" indicate uncertain identity, e.g. *[t] as coda may in fact be *-t or *-p;
    * Angle brackets "<>" indicate infix;
    * Hyphen "-" indicates morpheme boundary;

    * Period "." indicates syllable boundary.
    Zhengzhang system (2003)
    Character
    Reading # 2/2
    No. 14536
    Phonetic
    component
    Rime
    group
    Rime
    subdivision
    0
    Corresponding
    MC rime
    Old
    Chinese
    /*laŋ/

    Definitions[edit]

    1. Name of a river in southern Shaanxi.
    2. multitudinous; vast
    3. ocean; vast area of sea; great expanse of water
    4. overseas; foreign; western; imported
    5. modern; stylish; fashionable
    6. novel; unusual
    7. (historical) foreign money; dollar
    8. (Min) vast expanse of flat land
    9. A surname​.

    Compounds[edit]

    Descendants[edit]

    Sino-Xenic ():
    • Japanese: (よう) ()
    • Korean: (, yang)
    • Vietnamese: dương ()

    Others:

    Pronunciation 2[edit]



    Rime
    Character
    Reading # 2/2
    Initial () (17)
    Final () (105)
    Tone (調) Level (Ø)
    Openness (開合) Open
    Division () III
    Fanqie
    Reconstructions
    Zhengzhang
    Shangfang
    /zɨɐŋ/
    Pan
    Wuyun
    /ziɐŋ/
    Shao
    Rongfen
    /ziɑŋ/
    Edwin
    Pulleyblank
    /zɨaŋ/
    Li
    Rong
    /ziaŋ/
    Wang
    Li
    /zĭaŋ/
    Bernard
    Karlgren
    /zi̯aŋ/
    Expected
    Mandarin
    Reflex
    xiáng
    Zhengzhang system (2003)
    Character
    Reading # 1/2
    No. 14525
    Phonetic
    component
    Rime
    group
    Rime
    subdivision
    0
    Corresponding
    MC rime
    Old
    Chinese
    /*ljaŋ/

    Definitions[edit]

    1. Alternative form of (xiáng, “to soar; wing; side”).
    2. Alternative form of (xiáng, “good fortune; to bless”).
    3. Alternative form of (xiáng, “gentle; tender”).
    4. Alternative name for 彌河弥河 (“Mi River in Shandong”).
    5. () Yang Prefecture (an ancient prefecture of Shaanxi)

    Pronunciation 3[edit]


    Definitions[edit]

    1. Only used in 洋洋, alternative form of 養養养养 (yǎngyǎng, “worried; anxious”).

    Japanese[edit]

    Kanji[edit]

    (grade 3 “Kyōiku” kanji)

    1. ocean
    2. foreign country
    3. the West
    4. vast, wide

    Readings[edit]

    From Middle Chinese (MC jɨɐŋ, “ocean, West”):

    From Middle Chinese (MC zɨɐŋ, “Mi River”):

    Native Japanese readings:

    Compounds[edit]

    Etymology 1[edit]

    Kanji in this term
    よう
    Grade: 3
    on’yomi

    /jɨau//jɔː//joː/

    From Middle Chinese (MC jɨɐŋ). Compare modern Mandarin (yáng).

    Pronunciation[edit]

    Noun[edit]

    (よう) ( (historical kana やう)

    1. an ocean
    2. (by extension, from the sense of across the ocean) the East (Orient) or especially the West (Occident)
    Derived terms[edit]
    Idioms[edit]

    Proper noun[edit]

    (よう) ( (historical kana やう)

    1. a surname
    2. a male or female given name

    Etymology 2[edit]

    Kanji in this term
    なだ
    Grade: 3
    kun’yomi

    From Old Japanese. Found in the Man'yōshū, completed some time after 759 CE.[2]

    Pronunciation[edit]

    Alternative forms[edit]

    Noun[edit]

    (なだ) (nada

    1. Alternative spelling of (nada): the open sea

    Proper noun[edit]

    (なだ) (Nada

    1. a surname

    Etymology 3[edit]

    Kanji in this term
    ひろし
    Grade: 3
    Irregular

    Nominalization of the 終止形 (shūshikei, terminal form) of classical adjective 広し (hiroshi), modern 広い (hiroi, vast, wide).

    Pronunciation[edit]

    • (Irregular reading)

    Proper noun[edit]

    (ひろし) (Hiroshi

    1. a surname
    2. a male or female given name

    References[edit]

    1. 1.0 1.1 2006, 大辞林 (Daijirin), Third Edition (in Japanese), Tōkyō: Sanseidō, →ISBN
    2. ^ c. 759, Man'yōshū (book 17, poem 3893), text here

    Korean[edit]

    Hanja[edit]

    (eumhun 바다 (keun bada yang))

    1. Hanja form? of (ocean; western).

    Compounds[edit]


    Vietnamese[edit]

    Han character[edit]

    (dương)

    1. Hán tự form of dương (ocean).