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See also: and
U+5DDE, 州
CJK UNIFIED IDEOGRAPH-5DDE

[U+5DDD]
CJK Unified Ideographs
[U+5DDF]

Translingual[edit]

Han character[edit]

Stroke order
6 strokes

(radical 47, +3, 6 strokes, cangjie input 戈中戈中 (ILIL), four-corner 32000, composition ⿻⿲丿(GJKV) or ⿻⿲丶丶(HT))

Descendants[edit]

References[edit]

  • KangXi: page 324, character 1
  • Dai Kanwa Jiten: character 8678
  • Dae Jaweon: page 624, character 9
  • Hanyu Da Zidian (first edition): volume 1, page 46, character 3
  • Unihan data for U+5DDE

Chinese[edit]

simp. and trad.
alternative forms 𠄓
Wikipedia has articles on:
  • (Written Standard Chinese?)
  • (Cantonese)

Glyph origin[edit]

Historical forms of the character
Shang Western Zhou Warring States Shuowen Jiezi (compiled in Han) Liushutong (compiled in Ming)
Oracle bone script Bronze inscriptions Bronze inscriptions Chu Slip and silk script Small seal script Transcribed ancient scripts
州-oracle.svg 州-bronze.svg 州-bronze-warring.svg 州-silk.svg 州-seal.svg 州-bigseal.svg

Pictogram (象形) – islet in a river.

Pronunciation[edit]



Rime
Character
Reading # 1/1
Initial () (23)
Final () (136)
Tone (調) Level (Ø)
Openness (開合) Open
Division () III
Fanqie
Reconstructions
Zhengzhang
Shangfang
/t͡ɕɨu/
Pan
Wuyun
/t͡ɕiu/
Shao
Rongfen
/t͡ɕiəu/
Edwin
Pulleyblank
/cuw/
Li
Rong
/t͡ɕiu/
Wang
Li
/t͡ɕĭəu/
Bernard
Karlgren
/t͡ɕi̯ə̯u/
Expected
Mandarin
Reflex
zhōu
BaxterSagart system 1.1 (2014)
Character
Reading # 1/1
Modern
Beijing
(Pinyin)
zhōu
Middle
Chinese
‹ tsyuw ›
Old
Chinese
/*tu/
English islet in stream; province

Notes for Old Chinese notations in the Baxter–Sagart system:

* Parentheses "()" indicate uncertain presence;
* Square brackets "[]" indicate uncertain identity, e.g. *[t] as coda may in fact be *-t or *-p;
* Angle brackets "<>" indicate infix;
* Hyphen "-" indicates morpheme boundary;

* Period "." indicates syllable boundary.
Zhengzhang system (2003)
Character
Reading # 1/1
No. 17493
Phonetic
component
Rime
group
Rime
subdivision
1
Corresponding
MC rime
Old
Chinese
/*tju/

Definitions[edit]

  1. Alternative form of (zhōu, “islet in a river”).
  2. (historical, now still used in place names) zhou (a type of historical political divisions of China, usually translated as prefecture or province)
    /   ―  Yángzhōu  ―  (historical) Yang Province; (modern) Yangzhou
  3. Short for 自治州 (zìzhìzhōu).
  4. state; canton (of some countries)

See also[edit]

  • 省份 (shěngfèn), (shěng, “province”)
  • (xiàn, “county”)

Descendants[edit]

  • Lü: ᦵᦋᦲᧁᧈ (tsoew1)
  • Manchu: ᠵᡝᠣ (jeo)
  • Mongolian: ᠵᠧᠦ (ǰēü), жүү (žüü)

Compounds[edit]


Japanese[edit]

Kanji[edit]

(grade 3 “Kyōiku” kanji)

Readings[edit]

Noun[edit]

Kanji in this term
しゅう
Grade: 3
kan’on

(しゅう) (shū (historical kana しう)

  1. state (political entity in countries such as the United States, Australia, India, and Germany)
  2. province of Canada
  3. canton of Switzerland


Kanji in this term

Grade: 3
kun’yomi

() (su

  1. sandbank

Compounds[edit]


Korean[edit]

Hanja[edit]

(eumhun 고을 (go-eul ju))

  1. Hanja form? of (state; province).

Vietnamese[edit]

Han character[edit]

(châu, chu)

  1. state, province