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U+5DDD, 川
CJK UNIFIED IDEOGRAPH-5DDD

[U+5DDC]
CJK Unified Ideographs
[U+5DDE]
See also: and

Translingual[edit]

Stroke order
川-order.gif

Han character[edit]

(radical 47 +0, 3 strokes, cangjie input 中中中 (LLL), four-corner 22000)

Descendants[edit]

References[edit]

  • KangXi: page 323, character 23
  • Dai Kanwa Jiten: character 8673
  • Dae Jaweon: page 624, character 7
  • Hanyu Da Zidian: volume 1, page 32, character 2
  • Unihan data for U+5DDD

Chinese[edit]

simp. and trad.

Glyph origin[edit]

Historical forms of the character
Oracle bone script Bronze inscriptions Large seal script Small seal script
川-oracle.svg 川-bronze.svg 川-bigseal.svg 川-seal.svg
Characters in the same phonetic series () (Zhengzhang, 2003) 
Old Chinese
*kʰjon
*kʰjons
*kʰuːn
*sɢljun
*sɢljun
*sɢljun, *ɢljun
*kljuns, *kʷeːnʔ
*ɢljuns
*qʰuns

Pictogram (象形) – compare (OC *qʰʷljilʔ).

Etymology[edit]

EB1911 - Volume 01 - Page 001 - 1.svg This entry lacks etymological information. If you are familiar with the origin of this term, please add it to the page per etymology instructions. You can also discuss it at the Etymology scriptorium.
Particularly: “related to (OC *kroːns, *kʰjons)/穿 (OC *kʰljon, *kʰljons)?”

Pronunciation[edit]



Rime
Character
Reading # 1/1
Initial () (24)
Final () (78)
Tone (調) Level (Ø)
Openness (開合) Closed
Division () III
Fanqie
Reconstructions
Zhengzhang
Shangfang
/t͡ɕʰiuᴇn/
Pan
Wuyun
/t͡ɕʰʷiɛn/
Shao
Rongfen
/t͡ɕʰjuæn/
Edwin
Pulleyblank
/cʰwian/
Li
Rong
/t͡ɕʰiuɛn/
Wang
Li
/t͡ɕʰĭwɛn/
Bernard
Karlgren
/t͡ɕʰi̯wɛn/
Expected
Mandarin
Reflex
chuān
Baxter-Sagart system 1.1 (2014)
Character
Reading # 1/1
Modern
Beijing
(Pinyin)
chuān
Middle
Chinese
‹ tsyhwen ›
Old
Chinese
/*t.l̥u[n]/ (MC -jwen is irregular)
English stream, river

Notes for Old Chinese notations in the Baxter-Sagart system:

* Parentheses "()" indicate uncertain presence;
* Square brackets "[]" indicate uncertain identity, e.g. *[t] as coda may in fact be *-t or *-p;
* Angle brackets "<>" indicate infix;
* Hyphen "-" indicates morpheme boundary;

* Period "." indicates syllable boundary.
Zhengzhang system (2003)
Character
Reading # 1/1
No. 1628
Phonetic
component
Rime
group
Rime
subdivision
3
Corresponding
MC rime
穿
Old
Chinese
/*kʰjon/

Definitions[edit]

  1. river; stream; brook
  2. (of water) to flow
  3. to boil food for a short time in water
  4. Short for 四川 (Sìchuān, “Sichuan Province, China”).

See also[edit]

Compounds[edit]


Japanese[edit]

Kanji[edit]

(grade 1 “Kyōiku” kanji)

  1. river

Readings[edit]

Compounds[edit]

Pronunciation[edit]

Noun[edit]

(hiragana かわ, rōmaji kawa, historical hiragana かは)

  1. river, stream, brook

Synonyms[edit]

Alternative forms[edit]

Suffix[edit]

(hiragana かわ, rōmaji -kawa, historical hiragana かは)

  1. the ... river, used in named of rivers or streams

(hiragana がわ, rōmaji -gawa, historical hiragana がは)

  1. the ... river

References[edit]

  1. ^ 1974, 新明解国語辞典 (Shin Meikai Kokugo Jiten), Second Edition (in Japanese), Tōkyō: Sanseidō

Korean[edit]

Hanja[edit]

(cheon)

  • Eumhun:
    • Sound (hangeul): (revised: cheon, McCune-Reischauer: ch'ŏn)
    • Name (hangeul):
  1. This term needs a translation to English. Please help out and add a translation, then remove the text {{rfdef}}.

Vietnamese[edit]

Han character[edit]

(xuyên, xiên)

  1. This term needs a translation to English. Please help out and add a translation, then remove the text {{rfdef}}.