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Translingual[edit]

Stroke order
川-order.gif

Etymology[edit]

Historical forms of the character
Oracle bone script Bronze inscriptions Large seal script Small seal script
川-oracle.svg 川-bronze.svg 川-bigseal.svg 川-seal.svg

Pictogram (象形) – compare .

Han character[edit]

(radical 47 +0, 3 strokes, cangjie input 中中中 (LLL), four-corner 22000)

  1. river, stream, brook
  2. flow
  3. boil

Descendants[edit]

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  • KangXi: page 323, character 23
  • Dai Kanwa Jiten: character 8673
  • Dae Jaweon: page 624, character 7
  • Hanyu Da Zidian: volume 1, page 32, character 2
  • Unihan data for U+5DDD

Chinese[edit]

simp. and trad.

Pronunciation[edit]



Rime
Character
Reading # 1/1
Initial () (24)
Final () (78)
Tone (調) Level (Ø)
Openness (開合) Closed
Division () III
Fanqie
Reconstructions
Zhengzhang
Shangfang
/t͡ɕʰiuᴇn/
Pan
Wuyun
/t͡ɕʰʷiɛn/
Shao
Rongfen
/t͡ɕʰjuæn/
Edwin
Pulleyblank
/cʰwian/
Li
Rong
/t͡ɕʰiuɛn/
Wang
Li
/t͡ɕʰĭwɛn/
Bernard
Karlgren
/t͡ɕʰi̯wɛn/
Expected
Mandarin
Reflex
chuān
Baxter-Sagart system 1.1 (2014)
Character
Reading # 1/1
Modern
Beijing
(Pinyin)
chuān
Middle
Chinese
‹ tsyhwen ›
Old
Chinese
/*t.l̥u[n] (MC -jwen is irregular)/
English stream, river

Notes for Old Chinese notations in the Baxter-Sagart system:

* Parentheses "()" indicate uncertain presence;
* Square brackets "[]" indicate uncertain identity, e.g. *[t] as coda may in fact be *-t or *-p;
* Angle brackets "<>" indicate infix;
* Hyphen "-" indicates morpheme boundary;

* Period "." indicates syllable boundary.
Zhengzhang system (2003)
Character
Reading # 1/1
No. 1628
Phonetic
component
Rime
group
Rime
subdivision
3
Corresponding
MC rime
穿
Old
Chinese
/*kʰjon/

Noun[edit]

  1. river

Proper noun[edit]

  1. (abbreviation) Sichuan province, China

See also[edit]

References[edit]


Japanese[edit]

Kanji[edit]

(grade 1 “Kyōiku” kanji)

  1. river

Readings[edit]

Compounds[edit]

Noun[edit]

‎(hiragana かわ, romaji kawa, historical hiragana かは)

  1. river, stream, brook

Synonyms[edit]

Alternative forms[edit]

Suffix[edit]

‎(hiragana かわ, romaji -kawa, historical hiragana かは)

  1. the ... river, used in named of rivers or streams

‎(hiragana がわ, romaji -gawa, historical hiragana がは)

  1. the ... river

Korean[edit]

Hanja[edit]

‎(cheon)
Eumhun:

  • Sound (hangeul):  (revised: cheon, McCune-Reischauer: ch'ŏn)
  • Name (hangeul): ()
  1. This entry needs a definition. Please add one, then remove {{defn}}.

Vietnamese[edit]

Han character[edit]

(xuyên, xiên)

  1. This entry needs a definition. Please add one, then remove {{defn}}.