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Translingual[edit]

Han character[edit]

(radical 181 +3, 12 strokes, cangjie input 中中中金 (LLLC), four-corner 21086, composition)

  1. obey, submit to, go along with

References[edit]

  • KangXi: page 1399, character 17
  • Dai Kanwa Jiten: character 43349
  • Dae Jaweon: page 1916, character 1
  • Hanyu Da Zidian: volume 7, page 4357, character 5
  • Unihan data for U+9806

Chinese[edit]

trad.
simp.

Pronunciation[edit]

Dialectal pronunciations ()
Variety Location
Mandarin Beijing /ʂuən⁵¹/
Harbin /ʂuən⁵³/
Tianjin /ʂuən⁵³/
/suən⁵³/
Jinan /suẽ²¹/
/ʈ͡ʂʰuẽ⁰/ 孝~
Qingdao /ʂuə̃⁴²/
Zhengzhou /ʂuən³¹²/
Xi'an /fẽ⁴⁴/
Xining /fə̃²¹³/
Yinchuan /ʂuŋ¹³/
Lanzhou /fə̃n¹³/
Ürümqi /ʂuŋ²¹³/
/fɤŋ²¹³/
Wuhan /ɕyn³⁵/
Chengdu /suən¹³/
Guiyang /suen²¹³/
Kunming /ʂuə̃²¹²/
Nanjing /ʂun⁴⁴/
Hefei /ʂuən⁵³/
Jin Taiyuan /suəŋ⁴⁵/
Pingyao /suŋ³⁵/
Hohhot /sũŋ⁵⁵/
Wu Shanghai /zəŋ¹³/
Suzhou /zən³¹/
Hangzhou /zz̩ʷen¹³/
Wenzhou /joŋ²²/
Hui Shexian /ɕyʌ̃²²/
Tunxi /ɕyan¹¹/
Xiang Changsha /ɕyn⁵⁵/
/ɕyn¹¹/
Xiangtan /ɕyn⁵⁵/
Gan Nanchang /sun²¹/
Hakka Meixian /sun⁵³/
Taoyuan /ʃun⁵⁵/
Cantonese Guangzhou /søn²²/
Nanning /syn²²/
/sɐn²²/
Hong Kong /søn²²/
Min Xiamen (Min Nan) /sun²²/
Fuzhou (Min Dong) /souŋ²⁴²/
Jian'ou (Min Bei) /sœyŋ⁴⁴/
Shantou (Min Nan) /suŋ³⁵/
Haikou (Min Nan) /tun³³/
/tun²³/ 便~
Middle Chinese pronunciation (, reconstructed)
Character (), Pronunciation 1/1

Initial: (27)
Final: (47)
Tone: Departing (H)

Openness: Closed
Division: III
Fanqie:

Expected Mandarin reflex: shùn
Zhengzhang
Shangfang
Pan
Wuyun
Shao
Rongfen
Edwin
Pulleyblank
Li
Rong
Wang
Li
Bernard
Karlgren
/ʑiuɪnH/ /ʑʷinH/ /ʑjuenH/ /ʑwinH/ /d͡ʑiuĕnH/ /d͡ʑĭuĕnH/ /d͡ʑʰi̯uĕnH/
Old Chinese pronunciation (, reconstructed)
Baxter-Sagart system 1.1 (2014)
Character Modern Beijing
(Pinyin)
Middle Chinese Old Chinese English
shùn ‹ zywinH › /*Cə.lu[n]-s/ follow; obey

Notes for Old Chinese notations in the Baxter-Sagart system:

  • Parentheses "()" indicate uncertain presence;
  • Square brackets "[]" indicate uncertain identity, e.g. *[t] as coda may in fact be *-t or *-p;
  • Angle brackets "<>" indicate infix;
  • Hyphen "-" indicates morpheme boundary;
  • Period "." indicates syllable boundary.
Zhengzhang system (2003)
Character No. Phonetic
component
Rime
group
Rime
subdivision
Corresponding
MC rime
Old Chinese Notes
1636 2 /*ɢljuns/

Definitions[edit]

  1. to follow, along
  2. of normal direction
  3. smooth, successful
  4. to make smooth

Compounds[edit]


Japanese[edit]

Kanji[edit]

(grade 4 “Kyōiku” kanji)

  1. order, sequence
  2. obedience

Readings[edit]

Compounds[edit]

Noun[edit]

‎(hiragana じゅん, romaji jun)

  1. order, sequence, turn

Proper noun[edit]

‎(hiragana じゅん, romaji Jun)

  1. A male given name

Suffix[edit]

‎(hiragana じゅん, romaji -jun)

  1. order, sequence

Korean[edit]

Hanja[edit]

‎(sun) (hangeul , revised sun, McCune-Reischauer sun, Yale swun)

  1. This entry needs a definition. Please add one, then remove {{defn}}.

Vietnamese[edit]

Han character[edit]

(thuận, thộn)

  1. This entry needs a definition. Please add one, then remove {{defn}}.