- 1 Translingual
- 2 Chinese
- 3 Japanese
- 4 Korean
- 5 Kunigami
- 6 Miyako
- 7 Mulam
- 8 Okinawan
- 9 Vietnamese
- 10 Yaeyama
- 11 Yonaguni
- 扌 (when used as a left Chinese radical)
- KangXi: page 416, character 28
- Dai Kanwa Jiten: character 11768
- Dae Jaweon: page 762, character 9
- Hanyu Da Zidian: volume 3, page 1824, character 1
- Unihan data for U+624B
|simp. and trad.
|Historical forms of the character 手|
|Western Zhou||Warring States||Shuowen Jiezi (compiled in Han)||Liushutong (compiled in Ming)|
|Bronze inscriptions||Chu Slip and silk script||Qin slip script||Ancient script||Small seal script||Transcribed ancient scripts|
|Characters in the same phonetic series (手) (Zhengzhang, 2003)|
Note that unlike the other hand/claw characters, 手 has consistently had five fingers: a mammalian/human hand, as opposed to the three digits often found in the others.
Compare also 止 (“foot”), derived from a footprint, originally composed of 3 toes and a sole.
However, this comparison is not supported by more recent scholarship, in which the Old Chinese is reconstructed with an alveolar nasal (Unger, 1995; Zhengzhang, 1995; Baxter and Sagart, 2014). Evidence for the nasal initial is given in Sagart (1999):
- 杻 (“handcuffs”) can be written as 杽, so 丑 () (with a nasal initial) and *ᵇhnruʔ手 seem to be interchangeable as phonetics.
- The ancient graph 丑 resembles the graph of 又 (“right hand”). 狃 (, “animal track; claw”) seems to be the modern specialized form of *ᵇnruʔ丑, which has been borrowed to represent an earthly branch.
As done by Sagart (1999), Baxter and Sagart (2014) put 杻 (, “handcuffs”) and *n̥<r>uʔ狃 (, “animal track; claw”) into the same word family as *Cə.n<r>uʔ手 (). *n̥uʔZhengzhang (1995) suggests a connection to Burmese ညှိုး (hnyui:, “forefinger”), which STEDT derives from Proto-Sino-Tibetan *s-njuŋ ~ *s-m-juŋ ~ *s-m-juw (“finger”).
- hand (Classifier: 隻／只 ; 雙／双 ; 對／对 )
- expert; master
- 高手 ― gāoshǒu ― master
- -ist; -er
- 歌手 ― gēshǒu ― singer
- convenient; handy; portable
- Classifier for skills.
- Classifier for transactions.
- (Min Nan) luck in gambling
- Go-on: しゅ (shu, Jōyō)←しゆ (syu, historical); す (su)
- Kan-on: しゅう (shū)←しう (siu, historical)
- Kan’yō-on: ず (zu)
- Kun: て (te, 手, Jōyō); た (ta, 手, Jōyō, uncommon)
- paw, foreleg
- way of doing something, means
- (board games) a move; a play