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Translingual[edit]

Stroke order
手-order.gif

Alternative forms[edit]

  • (when used as a left Chinese radical)

Etymology[edit]

Historical forms of the character
Oracle bone script Bronze inscriptions Bamboo and silk script Large seal script Small seal script
手-oracle.svg 手-bronze.svg 手-silk.svg 手-bigseal.svg 手-seal.svg

Pictogram (象形) – hand and fingers. The top stroke is the bent over middle finger, while the horizontal strokes are each two fingers. Compare , , .

Note that unlike the other hand/claw characters, 手 has consistently had five fingers: a mammalian/human hand, as opposed to the three digits often found in the others.

Compare also ‎(foot), derived from a footprint, originally composed of 3 toes and a sole.

Han character[edit]

(radical 64 +0, 4 strokes, cangjie input 手 (Q), four-corner 20500)

References[edit]

  • KangXi: page 416, character 28
  • Dai Kanwa Jiten: character 11768
  • Dae Jaweon: page 762, character 9
  • Hanyu Da Zidian: volume 3, page 1824, character 1
  • Unihan data for U+624B

Chinese[edit]

simp. and trad.

Pronunciation[edit]



Rime
Character
Reading # 1/1
Initial () (26)
Final () (136)
Tone (調) Rising (X)
Openness (開合) Open
Division () III
Fanqie
Reconstructions
Zhengzhang
Shangfang
/ɕɨuX/
Pan
Wuyun
/ɕiuX/
Shao
Rongfen
/ɕiəuX/
Edwin
Pulleyblank
/ɕuwX/
Li
Rong
/ɕiuX/
Wang
Li
/ɕĭəuX/
Bernard
Karlgren
/ɕi̯ə̯uX/
Expected
Mandarin
Reflex
shǒu
Baxter-Sagart system 1.1 (2014)
Character
Reading # 1/1
Modern
Beijing
(Pinyin)
shǒu
Middle
Chinese
‹ syuwX ›
Old
Chinese
/*n̥uʔ/
English hand

Notes for Old Chinese notations in the Baxter-Sagart system:

* Parentheses "()" indicate uncertain presence;
* Square brackets "[]" indicate uncertain identity, e.g. *[t] as coda may in fact be *-t or *-p;
* Angle brackets "<>" indicate infix;
* Hyphen "-" indicates morpheme boundary;

* Period "." indicates syllable boundary.
Zhengzhang system (2003)
Character
Reading # 1/1
No. 11665
Phonetic
component
Rime
group
Rime
subdivision
2
Corresponding
MC rime
Old
Chinese
/*hnjɯwʔ/

Definitions[edit]

  1. hand
  2. an expert
      ―  gāoshǒu  ―  master
  3. -ist; -er
      ―  shǒu  ―  singer
  4. convenient, handy
    /   ―  shǒu  ―  mobile phone
    /   ―  shǒu  ―  handbook
  5. Classifier for transaction.

Compounds[edit]


Japanese[edit]

Kanji[edit]

(grade 1 “Kyōiku” kanji)

Readings[edit]

Compounds[edit]

Noun[edit]

‎(hiragana , romaji te)

  1. hand
  2. handle
  3. paw; foreleg
  4. (board games) a move, a play

Korean[edit]

Hanja[edit]

‎(su)
Eumhun:

  • Sound (hangeul):  (McCune-Reischauer: su, Yale: swu)
  • Name (hangeul): ()
  1. hand

Mulam[edit]

Noun[edit]

‎(nja2)

  1. hand

Vietnamese[edit]

Han character[edit]

(thủ, tây, trì)

  1. hand