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U+722A, 爪
CJK UNIFIED IDEOGRAPH-722A

[U+7229]
CJK Unified Ideographs
[U+722B]

Translingual[edit]

Stroke order
爪-order.gif

Alternative forms[edit]

  • – when used as a top radical

Han character[edit]

(radical 87, +0, 4 strokes, cangjie input 竹中人 (HLO), four-corner 72230)

  1. Kangxi radical #87, .

Derived forms[edit]

References[edit]

  • KangXi: page 688, character 26
  • Dai Kanwa Jiten: character 19653
  • Dae Jaweon: page 1101, character 12
  • Hanyu Da Zidian: volume 3, page 2030, character 1
  • Unihan data for U+722A

Chinese[edit]

simp. and trad.

Glyph origin[edit]

Historical forms of the character
Shang Western Zhou Shuowen Jiezi (compiled in Han) Liushutong (compiled in Ming)
Oracle bone script Bronze inscriptions Small seal script Transcribed ancient scripts
爪-oracle.svg 爪-bronze.svg 爪-seal.svg 爪-bigseal.svg
Characters in the same phonetic series () (Zhengzhang, 2003) 
Old Chinese
*ʔsruː, *ʔsruːʔ, *ʔsruːs
*ʔsruːʔ
*ʔsruːʔ, *ʔsruːs
*ʔsruːʔ

Pictogram (象形) – a hand grabbing from above (in earlier forms from side); compare , , .

Pronunciation[edit]


Note:
  • zhuǎ - “claw; claw-like object”.
  • Cantonese
  • Hakka
  • Min Nan
  • Note:
    • cháu - literary;
    • chiáu/liáu/niáu/jiáu - vernacular.
  • Wu

  • Rime
    Character
    Reading # 1/1
    Initial () (18)
    Final () (90)
    Tone (調) Rising (X)
    Openness (開合) Open
    Division () II
    Fanqie
    Reconstructions
    Zhengzhang
    Shangfang
    /t͡ʃˠauX/
    Pan
    Wuyun
    /ʈ͡ʂᵚauX/
    Shao
    Rongfen
    /t͡ʃauX/
    Edwin
    Pulleyblank
    /ʈ͡ʂaɨwX/
    Li
    Rong
    /t͡ʃauX/
    Wang
    Li
    /t͡ʃauX/
    Bernard
    Karlgren
    /ʈ͡ʂauX/
    Expected
    Mandarin
    Reflex
    zhǎo
    BaxterSagart system 1.1 (2014)
    Character
    Reading # 1/1
    Modern
    Beijing
    (Pinyin)
    zhǎo
    Middle
    Chinese
    ‹ tsræwX ›
    Old
    Chinese
    /*[ts]ˤ<r>uʔ/
    English claw

    Notes for Old Chinese notations in the Baxter–Sagart system:

    * Parentheses "()" indicate uncertain presence;
    * Square brackets "[]" indicate uncertain identity, e.g. *[t] as coda may in fact be *-t or *-p;
    * Angle brackets "<>" indicate infix;
    * Hyphen "-" indicates morpheme boundary;

    * Period "." indicates syllable boundary.
    Zhengzhang system (2003)
    Character
    Reading # 1/1
    No. 17658
    Phonetic
    component
    Rime
    group
    Rime
    subdivision
    1
    Corresponding
    MC rime
    Old
    Chinese
    /*ʔsruːʔ/

    Definitions[edit]

    1. claw (of animal, bird); talon; paw; nail
    2. to grab with claws
    3. claw-like object; foot (of an item)
    4. (derogatory or humorous) hand (of a person)
    5. A surname​.

    Usage notes[edit]

    • ― paws or claws of vertebrates, except for humans, bears, ducks, geese and swans
    • (qián) ― claws of arthropods (crabs, clawed lobsters, scorpions, etc.)
    • (zhǎng) ― hands, paws or claws of humans (only in compounds), bears, ducks, geese or swans
    • (shǒu) ― hands or hooves of humans or swines (only when swine hoof as a food)
    • () ― hooves

    Compounds[edit]


    Japanese[edit]

    Kanji[edit]

    (common “Jōyō” kanji)

    1. nail, claw

    Readings[edit]

    Etymology 1[edit]

    Japanese Wikipedia has an article on:
    Wikipedia ja
    Kanji in this term
    つめ
    Grade: S
    kun’yomi
    EB1911 - Volume 01 - Page 001 - 1.svg This entry lacks etymological information. If you are familiar with the origin of this term, please add it to the page per etymology instructions. You can also discuss it at the Etymology scriptorium.

    Pronunciation[edit]

    Noun[edit]

    (hiragana つめ, rōmaji tsume)

    1. nail; claw
    Derived terms[edit]

    Etymology 2[edit]

    Kanji in this term
    つま
    Grade: S
    kun’yomi
    EB1911 - Volume 01 - Page 001 - 1.svg This entry lacks etymological information. If you are familiar with the origin of this term, please add it to the page per etymology instructions. You can also discuss it at the Etymology scriptorium.

    Affix[edit]

    (hiragana つま, rōmaji tsuma)

    1. (only in compounds) nail; claw
    Derived terms[edit]
    Related terms[edit]

    References[edit]

    1. ^ 2006, 大辞林 (Daijirin), Third Edition (in Japanese), Tōkyō: Sanseidō, →ISBN

    Khitan[edit]

    Numeral[edit]

    (jau)

    1. hundred (100)

    Korean[edit]

    Hanja[edit]

    (jo) (hangeul , revised jo, McCune–Reischauer cho, Yale co)

    1. This term needs a translation to English. Please help out and add a translation, then remove the text {{rfdef}}.

    Vietnamese[edit]

    Han character[edit]

    (trảo, trẩu, vuốt, trảu)

    1. This term needs a translation to English. Please help out and add a translation, then remove the text {{rfdef}}.