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U+722A, 爪
CJK UNIFIED IDEOGRAPH-722A

[U+7229]
CJK Unified Ideographs
[U+722B]

Translingual[edit]

Stroke order
爪-order.gif

Alternative forms[edit]

  • – when used as a top radical

Han character[edit]

(radical 87, +0, 4 strokes, cangjie input 竹中人 (HLO), four-corner 72230, composition𠂆)

  1. Kangxi radical #87, .

Derived terms[edit]

References[edit]

  • KangXi: page 688, character 26
  • Dai Kanwa Jiten: character 19653
  • Dae Jaweon: page 1101, character 12
  • Hanyu Da Zidian (first edition): volume 3, page 2030, character 1
  • Unihan data for U+722A

Chinese[edit]

Glyph origin[edit]

Historical forms of the character
Shang Western Zhou Shuowen Jiezi (compiled in Han) Liushutong (compiled in Ming)
Oracle bone script Bronze inscriptions Small seal script Transcribed ancient scripts
爪-oracle.svg 爪-bronze.svg 爪-seal.svg 爪-bigseal.svg

Pictogram (象形) – a hand grabbing from above (in earlier forms from side); compare , , .

Etymology 1[edit]

simp. and trad.
alternative forms ancient

Pronunciation[edit]


Note:
  • zhuǎ - “claw; claw-like object”.
  • Cantonese
  • Hakka
  • Jin
  • Min Nan
  • Note:
    • cháu - literary;
    • chiáu/liáu/niáu/jiáu - vernacular.
    Note:
    • riao2 - Shantou;
    • riou2 - Chaozhou.
  • Wu

    Rime
    Character
    Reading # 1/1
    Initial () (18)
    Final () (90)
    Tone (調) Rising (X)
    Openness (開合) Open
    Division () II
    Fanqie
    Reconstructions
    Zhengzhang
    Shangfang
    /t͡ʃˠauX/
    Pan
    Wuyun
    /ʈ͡ʂᵚauX/
    Shao
    Rongfen
    /t͡ʃauX/
    Edwin
    Pulleyblank
    /ʈ͡ʂaɨwX/
    Li
    Rong
    /t͡ʃauX/
    Wang
    Li
    /t͡ʃauX/
    Bernard
    Karlgren
    /ʈ͡ʂauX/
    Expected
    Mandarin
    Reflex
    zhǎo
    BaxterSagart system 1.1 (2014)
    Character
    Reading # 1/1
    Modern
    Beijing
    (Pinyin)
    zhǎo
    Middle
    Chinese
    ‹ tsræwX ›
    Old
    Chinese
    /*[ts]ˁ<r>uʔ/
    English claw

    Notes for Old Chinese notations in the Baxter–Sagart system:

    * Parentheses "()" indicate uncertain presence;
    * Square brackets "[]" indicate uncertain identity, e.g. *[t] as coda may in fact be *-t or *-p;
    * Angle brackets "<>" indicate infix;
    * Hyphen "-" indicates morpheme boundary;

    * Period "." indicates syllable boundary.
    Zhengzhang system (2003)
    Character
    Reading # 1/1
    No. 17658
    Phonetic
    component
    Rime
    group
    Rime
    subdivision
    1
    Corresponding
    MC rime
    Old
    Chinese
    /*ʔsruːʔ/

    Definitions[edit]

    1. claw (of animal, bird); talon; paw; nail
    2. (Hakka) to grab with claws
    3. claw-like object; foot (of an item)
    4. (derogatory or humorous) hand (of a person)
    5. (Quanzhou and Xiamen Hokkien) nail (of a person)
    6. A surname​.
    Usage notes[edit]
    • (zhuǎ) ― paws or claws of vertebrates, except for humans, bears, ducks, geese and swans
    • (qián) ― claws of arthropods (crabs, clawed lobsters, scorpions, etc.)
    • (zhǎng) ― hands, paws or claws of humans (only in compounds), bears, ducks, geese or swans
    • (shǒu) ― hands or hooves of humans or swines (only when swine hoof as a food)
    • () ― hooves
    Synonyms[edit]

    Compounds[edit]

    Etymology 2[edit]

    simp. and trad.
    alternative forms

    Pronunciation[edit]


    Definitions[edit]

    1. (Min Nan) to claw; to scratch (with one's claw or nail)
    2. (Quanzhou and Xiamen Hokkien) Classifier for claw or scratch mark.

    Compounds[edit]


    Japanese[edit]

    Kanji[edit]

    (common “Jōyō” kanji)

    1. nail, claw

    Readings[edit]

    Etymology 1[edit]

    Japanese Wikipedia has an article on:
    Wikipedia ja
    Kanji in this term
    つめ
    Grade: S
    kun’yomi

    From Old Japanese,[1] in turn from Proto-Japonic *tumay. The standalone form of tsuma below.[1] Likely derived as a fusion of tsuma + emphatic nominalizing particle (i), similar to the phonetic development of (me, from ma + i) or (kami, from kamu + i).

    Pronunciation[edit]

    Noun[edit]

    (つめ) (tsume

    1. nail; claw
    Derived terms[edit]

    Etymology 2[edit]

    Kanji in this term
    つま
    Grade: S
    kun’yomi

    From Old Japanese, presumably in turn from Proto-Japonic *tuma. The root form of tsume above, generally only used in compounds. Cognate with (tsuma, edge, side of something) and (tsuma, wife, original sense of “spouse).[1]

    Affix[edit]

    (つま) (tsuma

    1. (only in compounds) nail; claw
    Derived terms[edit]

    References[edit]

    1. 1.0 1.1 1.2 1988, 国語大辞典(新装版) (Kokugo Dai Jiten, Revised Edition) (in Japanese), Tōkyō: Shogakukan
    2. ^ 2006, 大辞林 (Daijirin), Third Edition (in Japanese), Tōkyō: Sanseidō, →ISBN

    Khitan[edit]

    Etymology[edit]

    Distantly related with Proto-Mongolic *jaxun (hundred), whence Classical Mongolian ᠵᠠᠭᠤᠨ (ǰaɣun) (> Mongolian зуу (zuu) and Daur jau).

    Numeral[edit]

    (jau)

    1. hundred (100)

    Korean[edit]

    Hanja[edit]

    (eumhun 손톱 (sontop jo))

    1. Hanja form? of (nail; claw).

    Vietnamese[edit]

    Han character[edit]

    (trảo, trẩu, vuốt, trảu)

    1. This term needs a translation to English. Please help out and add a translation, then remove the text {{rfdef}}.