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U+722A, 爪
CJK UNIFIED IDEOGRAPH-722A

[U+7229]
CJK Unified Ideographs
[U+722B]

Translingual[edit]

Stroke order
爪-order.gif

Alternative forms[edit]

  • – when used as a top radical

Han character[edit]

(radical 87 +0, 4 strokes, cangjie input 竹中人 (HLO), four-corner 72230)

  1. Kangxi radical #87, .

Derived forms[edit]

References[edit]

  • KangXi: page 688, character 26
  • Dai Kanwa Jiten: character 19653
  • Dae Jaweon: page 1101, character 12
  • Hanyu Da Zidian: volume 3, page 2030, character 1
  • Unihan data for U+722A

Chinese[edit]

simp. and trad.

Glyph origin[edit]

Historical forms of the character
Shang Western Zhou Shuowen Jiezi (compiled in Han) Liushutong (compiled in Ming)
Oracle bone script Bronze inscriptions Small seal script Transcribed ancient scripts
爪-oracle.svg 爪-bronze.svg 爪-seal.svg 爪-bigseal.svg
Characters in the same phonetic series () (Zhengzhang, 2003) 
Old Chinese
*ʔsruː, *ʔsruːʔ, *ʔsruːs
*ʔsruːʔ
*ʔsruːʔ, *ʔsruːs
*ʔsruːʔ

Pictogram (象形) – a hand grabbing from above (in earlier forms from side); compare , , .

Pronunciation[edit]


Note:
  • zhuǎ - “claw; claw-like object”.
Note:
  • cháu - literary;
  • chiáu/liáu/niáu/jiáu - vernacular.

Rime
Character
Reading # 1/1
Initial () (18)
Final () (90)
Tone (調) Rising (X)
Openness (開合) Open
Division () II
Fanqie
Reconstructions
Zhengzhang
Shangfang
/t͡ʃˠauX/
Pan
Wuyun
/ʈ͡ʂᵚauX/
Shao
Rongfen
/t͡ʃauX/
Edwin
Pulleyblank
/ʈ͡ʂaɨwX/
Li
Rong
/t͡ʃauX/
Wang
Li
/t͡ʃauX/
Bernard
Karlgren
/ʈ͡ʂauX/
Expected
Mandarin
Reflex
zhǎo
Baxter-Sagart system 1.1 (2014)
Character
Reading # 1/1
Modern
Beijing
(Pinyin)
zhǎo
Middle
Chinese
‹ tsræwX ›
Old
Chinese
/*[ts]ˤ<r>uʔ/
English claw

Notes for Old Chinese notations in the Baxter-Sagart system:

* Parentheses "()" indicate uncertain presence;
* Square brackets "[]" indicate uncertain identity, e.g. *[t] as coda may in fact be *-t or *-p;
* Angle brackets "<>" indicate infix;
* Hyphen "-" indicates morpheme boundary;

* Period "." indicates syllable boundary.
Zhengzhang system (2003)
Character
Reading # 1/1
No. 17658
Phonetic
component
Rime
group
Rime
subdivision
1
Corresponding
MC rime
Old
Chinese
/*ʔsruːʔ/

Definitions[edit]

  1. claw (of animal, bird); talon; paw; nail
  2. to grab with claws
  3. claw-like object; foot (of an item)
  4. (derogatory or humorous) hand (of a person)
  5. A surname​.

Usage notes[edit]

  • ― paws or claws of vertebrates, except for humans, bears, ducks, geese and swans
  • (qián) ― claws of arthropods (crabs, clawed lobsters, scorpions, etc.)
  • (zhǎng) ― hands, paws or claws of humans (only in compounds), bears, ducks, geese or swans
  • (shǒu) ― hands or hooves of humans or swines (only when swine hoof as a food)
  • () ― hooves

Compounds[edit]


Japanese[edit]

Kanji[edit]

(common “Jōyō” kanji)

  1. nail, claw

Readings[edit]

Etymology 1[edit]

Japanese Wikipedia has an article on:
Wikipedia ja
Kanji in this term
つめ
Grade: S
kun’yomi
EB1911 - Volume 01 - Page 001 - 1.svg This entry lacks etymological information. If you are familiar with the origin of this term, please add it to the page per etymology instructions. You can also discuss it at the Etymology scriptorium.

Pronunciation[edit]

Noun[edit]

(hiragana つめ, rōmaji tsume)

  1. nail; claw
Derived terms[edit]

Etymology 2[edit]

Kanji in this term
つま
Grade: S
kun’yomi
EB1911 - Volume 01 - Page 001 - 1.svg This entry lacks etymological information. If you are familiar with the origin of this term, please add it to the page per etymology instructions. You can also discuss it at the Etymology scriptorium.

Affix[edit]

(hiragana つま, rōmaji tsuma)

  1. (only in compounds) nail; claw
Derived terms[edit]
Related terms[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ 2006, 大辞林 (Daijirin), Third Edition (in Japanese), Tōkyō: Sanseidō, →ISBN

Khitan[edit]

Numeral[edit]

(jau)

  1. hundred (100)

Korean[edit]

Hanja[edit]

(jo) (hangeul , revised jo, McCune-Reischauer cho, Yale co)

  1. This term needs a translation to English. Please help out and add a translation, then remove the text {{rfdef}}.

Vietnamese[edit]

Han character[edit]

(trảo, trẩu, vuốt, trảu)

  1. This term needs a translation to English. Please help out and add a translation, then remove the text {{rfdef}}.