鷹の爪

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Japanese[edit]

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鷹の爪 (taka no tsume, the chili): a chili of similar shape to a common taka no tsume.
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鷹の爪 (taka no tsume, the tree): the leaves and immature fruit of Gamblea innovans.
Kanji in this term
たか
Jinmeiyō
つめ
Grade: S
kun'yomi

Etymology[edit]

Compound of (taka, hawk, falcon) +‎ (no, possessive particle) +‎ (tsume, claw, talon).[1]

Pronunciation[edit]

Noun[edit]

鷹の爪 (hiragana たかのつめ, romaji taka no tsume)

  1. Gamblea innovans, a deciduous tree native to Japan, used for its wood (possibly so called for the way the leaves grow in groups of three, similar to a hawk's claws)
  2. a kind of chili (Capsicum annuum) that is curved and slender, used for pickling (so called for the way the shape resembles a hawk's claw)
  3. a kind of high-quality tea (so called for the way guests may decide to stay longer to partake, as if caught by a claw)
  4. alternate name for 爪草 (​tsumekusa), the Japanese pearlwort or Sagina japonica

Usage notes[edit]

As with many terms that name organisms, this term is often spelled in katakana in biological contexts, as タカノツメ.

Synonyms[edit]

  • (tree): 芋の木 (いものき, ​imo no ki)
  • (chili): 唐辛子 (とうがらし, ​tōgarashi)

References[edit]

  1. ^ 1988, 国語大辞典(新装版) (Kokugo Dai Jiten, Revised Edition) (in Japanese), Tōkyō: Shogakukan
  2. ^ 2006, 大辞林 (Daijirin), Third Edition (in Japanese), Tōkyō: Sanseidō, ISBN 4-385-13905-9