鷹 (radical 196, 鳥+13, 24 strokes, cangjie input 戈土竹日火 (IGHAF), four-corner 00227, composition ⿸䧹鳥)
- KangXi: page 1501, character 18
- Dai Kanwa Jiten: character 47377
- Dae Jaweon: page 2031, character 26
- Hanyu Da Zidian (first edition): volume 7, page 4666, character 2
- Unihan data for U+9DF9
Phono-semantic compound (形聲, OC *qɯŋ): phonetic 䧹 (OC *qɯŋ) + semantic 鳥 (“bird”).
This word is possibly related to Proto-Sino-Tibetan *g-la(ŋ/k) (“bird of prey”), which is likely a loan from Proto-Mon-Khmer *laŋ ~ *laaŋ ~ *laiŋ (“large raptor”) > Proto-Bahnaric *klaːŋ (“hawk”), Proto-Palaungic *klaaŋ (“kite”), Mon လနေၚ် (“kite”), Khmer ខ្លែង (khlaeng, “kite”); within Tibeto-Burman, compare Tibetan གླག (glag, “eagle; vulture”), Burmese လင်းတ (lang:ta., “vulture”), Jingpho lang (“bird of the falcon family”) (Benedict, 1972; STEDT).
This word agrees better with Tibetan སྐྱིང་སེར (skying ser, “eagle; vulture”) if the Old Chinese is reconstructed as *s-ki̯əŋ (Benedict, 1990; Schuessler, 2007); Benedict (1976) reconstructs Proto-Sino-Tibetan *s-kiŋ for this, which Benedict (1990) suggests is the native Sino-Tibetan root.
(“Jinmeiyō” kanji used for names)
Cognate to Ainu タカ.
鷹 • (taka)
- a hawk (predatory bird)
As with many terms that name organisms, this term is often spelled in katakana, especially in biological contexts (where it is customary), as タカ.
鷹 (eumhun 매 응 (mae eung))
- hawk; falcon (esp. the peregrine or gyrfalcon)
鷹: Hán Việt readings: ưng
鷹: Nôm readings: ưng