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U+5F9E, 從
CJK UNIFIED IDEOGRAPH-5F9E

[U+5F9D]
CJK Unified Ideographs
[U+5F9F]
See also: and

Translingual[edit]

Traditional
Shinjitai
Simplified

Han character[edit]

(radical 60 +8, 11 strokes, cangjie input 竹人人人人 (HOOOO), four-corner 28281, composition)

References[edit]

  • KangXi: page 368, character 18
  • Dai Kanwa Jiten: character 10152
  • Dae Jaweon: page 692, character 14
  • Hanyu Da Zidian: volume 2, page 829, character 12
  • Unihan data for U+5F9E

Chinese[edit]

trad.
simp.

Glyph origin[edit]

Historical forms of the character
Bronze inscriptions Large seal script Small seal script
從-bronze.svg 從-bigseal.svg 從-seal.svg
Characters in the same phonetic series () (Zhengzhang, 2003) 
Old Chinese
*sʰroːŋ, *sʰloŋ
*sʰroːŋ, *sʰloŋ
*ʔsloːŋ, *ʔsloŋ
*ʔsloːŋ, *ʔsloːŋʔ
*ʔsloːŋʔ
*ʔsloŋ
*ʔsloŋ, *ʔsloŋs
*ʔsloŋ, *sʰloŋ
*ʔsloŋ
*ʔsloŋ
*ʔsloŋs
*sʰloŋ
*sʰloŋ
*zloŋ, *zloŋ, *zloŋs
*zloŋ
*sloŋʔ
*sloŋʔ
*sloŋʔ

Phono-semantic compound (形聲, OC *zloŋ, *zloŋ, *zloŋs): semantic (walk) + phonetic (OC *zloŋ).

Pronunciation 1[edit]


Note: chêng, chn̂g - vernacular, chiông - literary.

Rime
Character
Reading # 1/3
Initial () (15)
Final () (7)
Tone (調) Level (Ø)
Openness (開合) Open
Division () III
Fanqie
Reconstructions
Zhengzhang
Shangfang
/d͡zɨoŋ/
Pan
Wuyun
/d͡zioŋ/
Shao
Rongfen
/d͡zioŋ/
Edwin
Pulleyblank
/d͡zuawŋ/
Li
Rong
/d͡zioŋ/
Wang
Li
/d͡zĭwoŋ/
Bernard
Karlgren
/d͡zʱi̯woŋ/
Expected
Mandarin
Reflex
cóng
Baxter-Sagart system 1.1 (2014)
Character
Reading # 1/3
Modern
Beijing
(Pinyin)
cóng
Middle
Chinese
‹ dzjowng ›
Old
Chinese
/*[dz]oŋ/
English to follow

Notes for Old Chinese notations in the Baxter-Sagart system:

* Parentheses "()" indicate uncertain presence;
* Square brackets "[]" indicate uncertain identity, e.g. *[t] as coda may in fact be *-t or *-p;
* Angle brackets "<>" indicate infix;
* Hyphen "-" indicates morpheme boundary;

* Period "." indicates syllable boundary.
Zhengzhang system (2003)
Character
Reading # 2/3
No. 1858
Phonetic
component
Rime
group
Rime
subdivision
0
Corresponding
MC rime
Old
Chinese
/*zloŋ/

Definitions[edit]

  1. to follow; to come after
  2. to comply with; to submit to
  3. to obey; to accept
  4. to join; to be engaged in
  5. from (a place or time); since
  6. through; via; by
  7. (followed by negative) never; ever

Compounds[edit]

Pronunciation 2[edit]



Rime
Character
Reading # 3/3
Initial () (15)
Final () (7)
Tone (調) Departing (H)
Openness (開合) Open
Division () III
Fanqie
Reconstructions
Zhengzhang
Shangfang
/d͡zɨoŋH/
Pan
Wuyun
/d͡zioŋH/
Shao
Rongfen
/d͡zioŋH/
Edwin
Pulleyblank
/d͡zuawŋH/
Li
Rong
/d͡zioŋH/
Wang
Li
/d͡zĭwoŋH/
Bernard
Karlgren
/d͡zʱi̯woŋH/
Expected
Mandarin
Reflex
zòng
Baxter-Sagart system 1.1 (2014)
Character
Reading # 3/3
Modern
Beijing
(Pinyin)
zòng
Middle
Chinese
‹ dzjowngH ›
Old
Chinese
/*[dz]oŋ-s/
English follower

Notes for Old Chinese notations in the Baxter-Sagart system:

* Parentheses "()" indicate uncertain presence;
* Square brackets "[]" indicate uncertain identity, e.g. *[t] as coda may in fact be *-t or *-p;
* Angle brackets "<>" indicate infix;
* Hyphen "-" indicates morpheme boundary;

* Period "." indicates syllable boundary.
Zhengzhang system (2003)
Character
Reading # 3/3
No. 1859
Phonetic
component
Rime
group
Rime
subdivision
0
Corresponding
MC rime
Old
Chinese
/*zloŋs/

Definitions[edit]

  1. (of relatives) paternal (with the same surname)
    /   ―  cóngxiōng  ―  paternal male cousin elder than oneself with the same surname
  2. auxiliary; subsidiary
  3. follower; attendant; entourage

Compounds[edit]

Pronunciation 3[edit]


Note: literary reading.

Rime
Character
Reading # 2/3
Initial () (14)
Final () (7)
Tone (調) Level (Ø)
Openness (開合) Open
Division () III
Fanqie
Reconstructions
Zhengzhang
Shangfang
/t͡sʰɨoŋ/
Pan
Wuyun
/t͡sʰioŋ/
Shao
Rongfen
/t͡sʰioŋ/
Edwin
Pulleyblank
/t͡sʰuawŋ/
Li
Rong
/t͡sʰioŋ/
Wang
Li
/t͡sʰĭwoŋ/
Bernard
Karlgren
/t͡sʰi̯woŋ/
Expected
Mandarin
Reflex
cōng
Zhengzhang system (2003)
Character
Reading # 1/3
No. 1856
Phonetic
component
Rime
group
Rime
subdivision
0
Corresponding
MC rime
Old
Chinese
/*zloŋ/

Definitions[edit]

  1. Only used in 從容从容 (cóngróng, “calm; at ease”).

Pronunciation 4[edit]



Baxter-Sagart system 1.1 (2014)
Character
Reading # 2/3
Modern
Beijing
(Pinyin)
zōng
Middle
Chinese
‹ tsjowng ›
Old
Chinese
/*tsoŋ/
English longitudinal

Notes for Old Chinese notations in the Baxter-Sagart system:

* Parentheses "()" indicate uncertain presence;
* Square brackets "[]" indicate uncertain identity, e.g. *[t] as coda may in fact be *-t or *-p;
* Angle brackets "<>" indicate infix;
* Hyphen "-" indicates morpheme boundary;

* Period "." indicates syllable boundary.

Definitions[edit]

  1. Alternative form of (zòng, “straight; vertical”).
  2. Alternative form of (zòng, “to give free reign to”).

Compounds[edit]

Pronunciation 5[edit]


Definitions[edit]

  1. Alternative form of (zōng).

Japanese[edit]

Kanji[edit]

(“Jinmeiyō” kanji used for names)

  1. This term needs a translation to English. Please help out and add a translation, then remove the text {{rfdef}}.

Readings[edit]


Korean[edit]

Hanja[edit]

‎(jong, chong) (hangeul , , revised jong, chong, McCune-Reischauer chong, ch'ong, Yale cong, chong)

  1. This term needs a translation to English. Please help out and add a translation, then remove the text {{rfdef}}.

Vietnamese[edit]

Han character[edit]

(tòng, tùng, thủng, tuồng, thong, thung, thùng, tồng, tụng)

  1. This term needs a translation to English. Please help out and add a translation, then remove the text {{rfdef}}.

References[edit]