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See also: and

Translingual[edit]

Traditional
Shinjitai
Simplified

Etymology[edit]

Phono-semantic compound (形聲, OC *zloŋ, *zloŋ, *zloŋs): semantic  ‎(walk) + phonetic  ‎(OC *zloŋ)

Han character[edit]

(radical 60 +8, 11 strokes, cangjie input 竹人人人人 (HOOOO), four-corner 28281, composition)

  1. from, by, since, whence, through

References[edit]

  • KangXi: page 368, character 18
  • Dai Kanwa Jiten: character 10152
  • Dae Jaweon: page 692, character 14
  • Hanyu Da Zidian: volume 2, page 829, character 12
  • Unihan data for U+5F9E

Chinese[edit]

trad.
simp.

Pronunciation[edit]



Rime
Character
Reading # 1/3
Initial () (15)
Final () (7)
Tone (調) Level (Ø)
Openness (開合) Open
Division () III
Fanqie
Reconstructions
Zhengzhang
Shangfang
/d͡zɨoŋ/
Pan
Wuyun
/d͡zioŋ/
Shao
Rongfen
/d͡zioŋ/
Edwin
Pulleyblank
/d͡zuawŋ/
Li
Rong
/d͡zioŋ/
Wang
Li
/d͡zĭwoŋ/
Bernard
Karlgren
/d͡zʱi̯woŋ/
Expected
Mandarin
Reflex
cóng
Baxter-Sagart system 1.1 (2014)
Character
Reading # 1/3
Modern
Beijing
(Pinyin)
cóng
Middle
Chinese
‹ dzjowng ›
Old
Chinese
/*[dz]oŋ/
English to follow

Notes for Old Chinese notations in the Baxter-Sagart system:

* Parentheses "()" indicate uncertain presence;
* Square brackets "[]" indicate uncertain identity, e.g. *[t] as coda may in fact be *-t or *-p;
* Angle brackets "<>" indicate infix;
* Hyphen "-" indicates morpheme boundary;

* Period "." indicates syllable boundary.
Zhengzhang system (2003)
Character
Reading # 2/3
No. 1858
Phonetic
component
Rime
group
Rime
subdivision
0
Corresponding
MC rime
Old
Chinese
/*zloŋ/

Preposition[edit]

  1. from
  2. from (a time); since;
  3. through; via
  4. past (a place)

Adverb[edit]

  1. (followed by negative) never; ever

Pronunciation[edit]



Rime
Character
Reading # 3/3
Initial () (15)
Final () (7)
Tone (調) Departing (H)
Openness (開合) Open
Division () III
Fanqie
Reconstructions
Zhengzhang
Shangfang
/d͡zɨoŋH/
Pan
Wuyun
/d͡zioŋH/
Shao
Rongfen
/d͡zioŋH/
Edwin
Pulleyblank
/d͡zuawŋH/
Li
Rong
/d͡zioŋH/
Wang
Li
/d͡zĭwoŋH/
Bernard
Karlgren
/d͡zʱi̯woŋH/
Expected
Mandarin
Reflex
zòng
Baxter-Sagart system 1.1 (2014)
Character
Reading # 3/3
Modern
Beijing
(Pinyin)
zòng
Middle
Chinese
‹ dzjowngH ›
Old
Chinese
/*[dz]oŋ-s/
English follower

Notes for Old Chinese notations in the Baxter-Sagart system:

* Parentheses "()" indicate uncertain presence;
* Square brackets "[]" indicate uncertain identity, e.g. *[t] as coda may in fact be *-t or *-p;
* Angle brackets "<>" indicate infix;
* Hyphen "-" indicates morpheme boundary;

* Period "." indicates syllable boundary.
Zhengzhang system (2003)
Character
Reading # 3/3
No. 1859
Phonetic
component
Rime
group
Rime
subdivision
0
Corresponding
MC rime
Old
Chinese
/*zloŋs/

Noun[edit]

  1. follower

Adjective[edit]

  1. (of relatives) paternal (with the same surname)
    /   ―  cóngxiōng  ―  paternal male cousin elder than oneself with the same surname
  2. auxiliary; subsidiary

Pronunciation[edit]



Rime
Character
Reading # 2/3
Initial () (14)
Final () (7)
Tone (調) Level (Ø)
Openness (開合) Open
Division () III
Fanqie
Reconstructions
Zhengzhang
Shangfang
/t͡sʰɨoŋ/
Pan
Wuyun
/t͡sʰioŋ/
Shao
Rongfen
/t͡sʰioŋ/
Edwin
Pulleyblank
/t͡sʰuawŋ/
Li
Rong
/t͡sʰioŋ/
Wang
Li
/t͡sʰĭwoŋ/
Bernard
Karlgren
/t͡sʰi̯woŋ/
Expected
Mandarin
Reflex
cōng
Zhengzhang system (2003)
Character
Reading # 1/3
No. 1856
Phonetic
component
Rime
group
Rime
subdivision
0
Corresponding
MC rime
Old
Chinese
/*zloŋ/

Definitions[edit]

  1. Only used in 從容从容 (cóngróng).

Pronunciation[edit]



Baxter-Sagart system 1.1 (2014)
Character
Reading # 2/3
Modern
Beijing
(Pinyin)
zōng
Middle
Chinese
‹ tsjowng ›
Old
Chinese
/*tsoŋ/
English longitudinal

Notes for Old Chinese notations in the Baxter-Sagart system:

* Parentheses "()" indicate uncertain presence;
* Square brackets "[]" indicate uncertain identity, e.g. *[t] as coda may in fact be *-t or *-p;
* Angle brackets "<>" indicate infix;
* Hyphen "-" indicates morpheme boundary;

* Period "." indicates syllable boundary.

Definitions[edit]

  1. Alternative form of (zòng).

Pronunciation[edit]


Definitions[edit]

  1. Alternative form of (zōng).

References[edit]


Japanese[edit]

Kanji[edit]

(“Jinmeiyō” kanji used for names)

  1. This entry needs a definition. Please add one, then remove {{defn}}.

Readings[edit]


Korean[edit]

Hanja[edit]

‎(jong, chong) (hangeul , , revised jong, chong, McCune-Reischauer chong, ch'ong, Yale cong, chong)

  1. This entry needs a definition. Please add one, then remove {{defn}}.

Vietnamese[edit]

Han character[edit]

(tòng, tùng, thủng, tuồng, thong, thung, thùng, tồng, tụng)

  1. This entry needs a definition. Please add one, then remove {{defn}}.

References[edit]