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U+606D, 恭
CJK UNIFIED IDEOGRAPH-606D

[U+606C]
CJK Unified Ideographs
[U+606E]

Translingual[edit]

Han character[edit]

(radical 61 +6, 10 strokes, cangjie input 廿金心 (TCP), four-corner 44338, composition)

  1. respectful, polite, reverent

References[edit]

  • KangXi: page 385, character 15
  • Dai Kanwa Jiten: character 10596
  • Dae Jaweon: page 717, character 5
  • Hanyu Da Zidian: volume 4, page 2299, character 9
  • Unihan data for U+606D

Chinese[edit]

simp. and trad.

Glyph origin[edit]

Historical forms of the character
Bamboo and silk script Large seal script Small seal script
恭-silk.svg 恭-bigseal.svg 恭-seal.svg
Characters in the same phonetic series () (Zhengzhang, 2003) 
Old Chinese
*kroːŋʔ, *ɡloːŋs
*ɡroːŋs
*ɡroːŋs
*ɡroːŋs, *ɡloːŋs
*qʰloːŋ, *qʰloːŋs, *ɡoːŋ, *ɡloːŋs
*ɡloːŋ
*ɡloːŋ
*ɡloːŋ
*ɡoːŋ
*ɡloːŋs
*ɡloːŋs
*kloŋ
*kloŋ, *kloŋs
*kloŋ
*kloŋ, *kloŋʔ
*kloŋ, *ɡloŋs
*kloŋ
*kloŋʔ
*kloŋʔ, *kloɡ
*kloŋʔ, *ɡloŋ
*kloŋʔ
*kloŋʔ, *ɡloŋ
*ɡloŋ
*kloɡ

Pronunciation[edit]



  • Dialectal data
Variety Location
Mandarin Beijing /kuŋ⁵⁵/
Harbin /kuŋ⁴⁴/
Tianjin /kuŋ²¹/
Jinan /kuŋ²¹³/
Qingdao /kəŋ²¹³/
Zhengzhou /kuŋ²⁴/
Xi'an /kuŋ²¹/
Xining /kuə̃⁴⁴/
Yinchuan /kuŋ⁴⁴/
Lanzhou /kũn³¹/
Ürümqi /kuŋ⁴⁴/
Wuhan /koŋ⁵⁵/
Chengdu /koŋ⁵⁵/
Guiyang /koŋ⁵⁵/
Kunming /koŋ/
Nanjing /koŋ³¹/
Hefei /kəŋ²¹/
Jin Taiyuan /kuəŋ¹¹/
Pingyao /kuŋ¹³/
Hohhot /kũŋ³¹/
Wu Shanghai /koŋ⁵³/
Suzhou /koŋ⁵⁵/
Hangzhou /koŋ³³/
Wenzhou /t͡ɕyɔ³³/
/koŋ³³/
Hui Shexian /kuʌ̃³¹/
Tunxi /kan¹¹/
Xiang Changsha /koŋ³³/
Xiangtan /kən³³/
Gan Nanchang /kuŋ⁴²/
Hakka Meixian /kiuŋ⁴⁴/
Taoyuan /kioŋ²⁴/
Cantonese Guangzhou /koŋ⁵³/
Nanning /kuŋ⁵⁵/
Hong Kong /kuŋ⁵⁵/
Min Xiamen (Min Nan) /kiɔŋ⁵⁵/
Fuzhou (Min Dong) /kyŋ⁴⁴/
Jian'ou (Min Bei) /kœyŋ⁵⁴/
Shantou (Min Nan) /kioŋ³³/
Haikou (Min Nan) /koŋ²³/

Rime
Character
Reading # 1/1
Initial () (28)
Final () (7)
Tone (調) Level (Ø)
Openness (開合) Open
Division () III
Fanqie
Reconstructions
Zhengzhang
Shangfang
/kɨoŋ/
Pan
Wuyun
/kioŋ/
Shao
Rongfen
/kioŋ/
Edwin
Pulleyblank
/kuawŋ/
Li
Rong
/kioŋ/
Wang
Li
/kĭwoŋ/
Bernard
Karlgren
/ki̯woŋ/
Expected
Mandarin
Reflex
jiōng
Baxter-Sagart system 1.1 (2014)
Character
Reading # 1/1
Modern
Beijing
(Pinyin)
gōng
Middle
Chinese
‹ kjowng ›
Old
Chinese
/*k<r>oŋ/
English respectful

Notes for Old Chinese notations in the Baxter-Sagart system:

* Parentheses "()" indicate uncertain presence;
* Square brackets "[]" indicate uncertain identity, e.g. *[t] as coda may in fact be *-t or *-p;
* Angle brackets "<>" indicate infix;
* Hyphen "-" indicates morpheme boundary;

* Period "." indicates syllable boundary.
Zhengzhang system (2003)
Character
Reading # 1/1
No. 4166
Phonetic
component
Rime
group
Rime
subdivision
0
Corresponding
MC rime
Old
Chinese
/*kloŋ/

Definitions[edit]

  1. This term needs a translation to English. Please help out and add a translation, then remove the text {{rfdef}}.

Derived terms[edit]


Japanese[edit]

Kanji[edit]

(common “Jōyō” kanji)

  1. respect

Readings[edit]


Korean[edit]

Hanja[edit]

‎(gong) (hangeul , revised gong, McCune-Reischauer kong, Yale kong)

  1. This term needs a translation to English. Please help out and add a translation, then remove the text {{rfdef}}.

Vietnamese[edit]

Han character[edit]

(cung)

  1. This term needs a translation to English. Please help out and add a translation, then remove the text {{rfdef}}.