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U+4F9B, 供
CJK UNIFIED IDEOGRAPH-4F9B

[U+4F9A]
CJK Unified Ideographs
[U+4F9C]

Translingual[edit]

Han character[edit]

(radical 9 +6, 8 strokes, cangjie input 人廿金 (OTC), four-corner 24281, composition)

References[edit]

  • KangXi: page 102, character 16
  • Dai Kanwa Jiten: character 605
  • Dae Jaweon: page 216, character 14
  • Hanyu Da Zidian: volume 1, page 144, character 4
  • Unihan data for U+4F9B

Chinese[edit]

simp. and trad.

Glyph origin[edit]

Historical forms of the character
Small seal script
供-seal.svg



References:

Mostly from Richard Sears' Chinese Etymology site (authorisation),
which in turn draws data from various collections of ancient forms of Chinese characters, including:

  • Shuowen Jiezi (small seal),
  • Jinwen Bian (bronze inscriptions),
  • Liushutong (large seal) and
  • Xu Jiaguwen Bian (oracle bone script).
Characters in the same phonetic series () (Zhengzhang, 2003) 
Old Chinese
*kroːŋʔ, *ɡloːŋs
*ɡroːŋs
*ɡroːŋs
*ɡroːŋs, *ɡloːŋs
*qʰloːŋ, *qʰloːŋs, *ɡoːŋ, *ɡloːŋs
*ɡloːŋ
*ɡloːŋ
*ɡloːŋ
*ɡoːŋ
*ɡloːŋs
*ɡloːŋs
*kloŋ
*kloŋ, *kloŋs
*kloŋ
*kloŋ, *kloŋʔ
*kloŋ, *ɡloŋs
*kloŋ
*kloŋʔ
*kloŋʔ, *kloɡ
*kloŋʔ, *ɡloŋ
*kloŋʔ
*kloŋʔ, *ɡloŋ
*ɡloŋ
*kloɡ

Phono-semantic compound (形聲, OC *kloŋ, *kloŋs): semantic  (person) + phonetic  (OC *kloŋ, *ɡloŋs).

Pronunciation 1[edit]


Note:
  • keng - vernacular;
  • kiong - literary.

Rime
Character
Reading # 1/2
Initial () (28)
Final () (7)
Tone (調) Level (Ø)
Openness (開合) Open
Division () III
Fanqie
Reconstructions
Zhengzhang
Shangfang
/kɨoŋ/
Pan
Wuyun
/kioŋ/
Shao
Rongfen
/kioŋ/
Edwin
Pulleyblank
/kuawŋ/
Li
Rong
/kioŋ/
Wang
Li
/kĭwoŋ/
Bernard
Karlgren
/ki̯woŋ/
Expected
Mandarin
Reflex
jiōng
Baxter-Sagart system 1.1 (2014)
Character
Reading # 1/1
Modern
Beijing
(Pinyin)
gōng
Middle
Chinese
‹ kjowng ›
Old
Chinese
/*k<r>oŋ/
English furnish; serve, offer

Notes for Old Chinese notations in the Baxter-Sagart system:

* Parentheses "()" indicate uncertain presence;
* Square brackets "[]" indicate uncertain identity, e.g. *[t] as coda may in fact be *-t or *-p;
* Angle brackets "<>" indicate infix;
* Hyphen "-" indicates morpheme boundary;

* Period "." indicates syllable boundary.
Zhengzhang system (2003)
Character
Reading # 1/2
No. 4167
Phonetic
component
Rime
group
Rime
subdivision
0
Corresponding
MC rime
Old
Chinese
/*kloŋ/

Definitions[edit]

  1. to supply; to provide for
  2. to provide certain convenience or support
  3. A surname​.

Compounds[edit]

Pronunciation 2[edit]


Note:
  • gōng - Taiwan standard for “to confess; confession”, and Mainland standard for “to look after”. In actual usage, however, the two pronunciations are often confused.
Note:
  • kiòng - literary;
  • kèng - vernacular.
Note:
  • 2jion - vernacular;
  • 2kon - literary.

Rime
Character
Reading # 2/2
Initial () (28)
Final () (7)
Tone (調) Departing (H)
Openness (開合) Open
Division () III
Fanqie
Reconstructions
Zhengzhang
Shangfang
/kɨoŋH/
Pan
Wuyun
/kioŋH/
Shao
Rongfen
/kioŋH/
Edwin
Pulleyblank
/kuawŋH/
Li
Rong
/kioŋH/
Wang
Li
/kĭwoŋH/
Bernard
Karlgren
/ki̯woŋH/
Expected
Mandarin
Reflex
jiòng
Zhengzhang system (2003)
Character
Reading # 2/2
No. 4178
Phonetic
component
Rime
group
Rime
subdivision
0
Corresponding
MC rime
Old
Chinese
/*kloŋs/

Definitions[edit]

  1. to present incense or offerings before the image of a god or the deceased; to enshrine and worship
  2. offering; tribute; sacrifice
  3. to assume office
  4. to confess; to own up; to make a confession of
  5. confession; admission; owning up
  6. to look after (one's parents or children etc.); to support

Compounds[edit]


Japanese[edit]

Kanji[edit]

(grade 6 “Kyōiku” kanji)

Readings[edit]

Compounds[edit]

Kanji in this term
とも
Grade: 6
kun’yomi

Noun[edit]

(hiragana とも, rōmaji tomo)

  1. attendant, servant
  2. companion
  3. entourage

Derived terms[edit]


Korean[edit]

Hanja[edit]

(gong) (hangeul , McCune-Reischauer kong)

  1. This term needs a translation to English. Please help out and add a translation, then remove the text {{rfdef}}.

Vietnamese[edit]

Han character[edit]

(cung, cúng, củng, cũng)

  1. This term needs a translation to English. Please help out and add a translation, then remove the text {{rfdef}}.

References[edit]