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U+4F9B, 供
CJK UNIFIED IDEOGRAPH-4F9B

[U+4F9A]
CJK Unified Ideographs
[U+4F9C]

Translingual[edit]

Han character[edit]

(radical 9, +6, 8 strokes, cangjie input 人廿金 (OTC), four-corner 24281, composition)

Derived characters[edit]

References[edit]

  • KangXi: page 102, character 16
  • Dai Kanwa Jiten: character 605
  • Dae Jaweon: page 216, character 14
  • Hanyu Da Zidian: volume 1, page 144, character 4
  • Unihan data for U+4F9B

Chinese[edit]

simp. and trad.

Glyph origin[edit]

Historical forms of the character
Shuowen Jiezi (compiled in Han)
Small seal script
供-seal.svg



References:

Mostly from Richard Sears' Chinese Etymology site (authorisation),
which in turn draws data from various collections of ancient forms of Chinese characters, including:

  • Shuowen Jiezi (small seal),
  • Jinwen Bian (bronze inscriptions),
  • Liushutong (Liushutong characters) and
  • Yinxu Jiaguwen Bian (oracle bone script).
Characters in the same phonetic series () (Zhengzhang, 2003) 
Old Chinese
*kroːŋʔ, *ɡloːŋs
*ɡroːŋs
*ɡroːŋs
*ɡroːŋs, *ɡloːŋs
*qʰloːŋ, *qʰloːŋs, *ɡoːŋ, *ɡloːŋs
*ɡloːŋ
*ɡloːŋ
*ɡloːŋ
*ɡoːŋ
*ɡloːŋs
*ɡloːŋs
*kloŋ
*kloŋ, *kloŋs
*kloŋ
*kloŋ, *kloŋʔ
*kloŋ, *ɡloŋs
*kloŋ
*kloŋʔ
*kloŋʔ, *kloɡ
*kloŋʔ, *ɡloŋ
*kloŋʔ
*kloŋʔ, *ɡloŋ
*ɡloŋ
*kloɡ

Phono-semantic compound (形聲, OC *kloŋ, *kloŋs): semantic  (person) + phonetic  (OC *kloŋ, *ɡloŋs).

Pronunciation 1[edit]


Note:
  • keng - vernacular;
  • kiong - literary.
  • Wu

  • Rime
    Character
    Reading # 1/2
    Initial () (28)
    Final () (7)
    Tone (調) Level (Ø)
    Openness (開合) Open
    Division () III
    Fanqie
    Reconstructions
    Zhengzhang
    Shangfang
    /kɨoŋ/
    Pan
    Wuyun
    /kioŋ/
    Shao
    Rongfen
    /kioŋ/
    Edwin
    Pulleyblank
    /kuawŋ/
    Li
    Rong
    /kioŋ/
    Wang
    Li
    /kĭwoŋ/
    Bernard
    Karlgren
    /ki̯woŋ/
    Expected
    Mandarin
    Reflex
    jiōng
    BaxterSagart system 1.1 (2014)
    Character
    Reading # 1/1
    Modern
    Beijing
    (Pinyin)
    gōng
    Middle
    Chinese
    ‹ kjowng ›
    Old
    Chinese
    /*k<r>oŋ/
    English furnish; serve, offer

    Notes for Old Chinese notations in the Baxter–Sagart system:

    * Parentheses "()" indicate uncertain presence;
    * Square brackets "[]" indicate uncertain identity, e.g. *[t] as coda may in fact be *-t or *-p;
    * Angle brackets "<>" indicate infix;
    * Hyphen "-" indicates morpheme boundary;

    * Period "." indicates syllable boundary.
    Zhengzhang system (2003)
    Character
    Reading # 1/2
    No. 4167
    Phonetic
    component
    Rime
    group
    Rime
    subdivision
    0
    Corresponding
    MC rime
    Old
    Chinese
    /*kloŋ/

    Definitions[edit]

    1. to supply; to provide for
    2. to provide certain convenience or support
    3. A surname​.

    Compounds[edit]

    Pronunciation 2[edit]


    Note:
    • gōng - Taiwan standard for “to confess; confession”, and Mainland standard for “to look after”. In actual usage, however, the two pronunciations are often confused.
  • Cantonese
  • Hakka
  • Min Dong
  • Min Nan
  • Note:
    • kiòng - literary;
    • kèng - vernacular.
  • Wu
  • Note:
    • 2jion - vernacular;
    • 2kon - literary.

    Rime
    Character
    Reading # 2/2
    Initial () (28)
    Final () (7)
    Tone (調) Departing (H)
    Openness (開合) Open
    Division () III
    Fanqie
    Reconstructions
    Zhengzhang
    Shangfang
    /kɨoŋH/
    Pan
    Wuyun
    /kioŋH/
    Shao
    Rongfen
    /kioŋH/
    Edwin
    Pulleyblank
    /kuawŋH/
    Li
    Rong
    /kioŋH/
    Wang
    Li
    /kĭwoŋH/
    Bernard
    Karlgren
    /ki̯woŋH/
    Expected
    Mandarin
    Reflex
    jiòng
    Zhengzhang system (2003)
    Character
    Reading # 2/2
    No. 4178
    Phonetic
    component
    Rime
    group
    Rime
    subdivision
    0
    Corresponding
    MC rime
    Old
    Chinese
    /*kloŋs/

    Definitions[edit]

    1. to present incense or offerings before the image of a god or the deceased; to enshrine and worship
    2. offering; tribute; sacrifice
    3. to assume office
    4. to confess; to own up; to make a confession of
    5. confession; admission; owning up
    6. to look after (one's parents or children etc.); to support

    Compounds[edit]


    Japanese[edit]

    Kanji[edit]

    (grade 6 “Kyōiku” kanji)

    Readings[edit]

    Compounds[edit]


    Kanji in this term
    とも
    Grade: 6
    kun’yomi

    Noun[edit]

    (hiragana とも, rōmaji tomo)

    1. attendant, servant
    2. companion
    3. entourage

    Derived terms[edit]


    Korean[edit]

    Hanja[edit]

    (gong) (hangeul , McCune–Reischauer kong)

    1. This term needs a translation to English. Please help out and add a translation, then remove the text {{rfdef}}.

    Vietnamese[edit]

    Han character[edit]

    (cung, cúng, củng, cũng)

    1. This term needs a translation to English. Please help out and add a translation, then remove the text {{rfdef}}.

    References[edit]