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U+5C45, 居
CJK UNIFIED IDEOGRAPH-5C45

[U+5C44]
CJK Unified Ideographs
[U+5C46]

Translingual[edit]

Han character[edit]

(radical 44 +5, 8 strokes, cangjie input 尸十口 (SJR), four-corner 77264, composition)

References[edit]

  • KangXi: page 300, character 30
  • Dai Kanwa Jiten: character 7663
  • Dae Jaweon: page 597, character 8
  • Hanyu Da Zidian: volume 2, page 968, character 4
  • Unihan data for U+5C45

Chinese[edit]

simp. and trad.

Glyph origin[edit]

Historical forms of the character
Bronze inscriptions Large seal script Small seal script
居-bronze.svg 居-bigseal.svg 居-seal.svg
Characters in the same phonetic series () (Zhengzhang, 2003) 
Old Chinese
*kaːls
*kaːls
*kɯ, *kas
*kaː, *kʰaː
*kaː
*kaː
*kaː
*kaː, *kaːs, *ɡaːʔ
*kaː
*kaː
*kaː, *kaːʔ, *kaːs
*kaː, *kaːʔ
*kaːʔ
*kaːʔ
*kaːʔ
*kaːʔ
*kaːʔ
*kaːʔ
*kaːs
*kaːs
*kaːɡs
*kaːɡs
*kaːɡs
*kaːɡs
*kaːɡs
*kaːɡs
*kʰaː
*kʰaː
*kʰaː
*kʰaː
*kʰaːʔ, *kʰaːs
*qʰaː, *ɡaː
*ɡaː
*ɡaː
*ɡaː
*ɡaː
*ɡaː
*ɡaː
*ɡaː
*ɡaː
*ɡaː
*ɡaː
*ɡaː
*ɡaːʔ
*ɡaːʔ
*ɡaːʔ
*ɡaːʔ, *ɡaːɡs
*ɡaːʔ
*ka
*ka
*ka
*ka, *kas, *kʰa
*ka
*ka
*ka
*ka
*ka, *ɡa
*kas
*kas
*kas
*ɡaːɡ

Phono-semantic compound (形聲, OC *kɯ, *kas): semantic  + phonetic (OC *kaːʔ).

Pronunciation[edit]



Rime
Character
Reading # 1/2 2/2
Initial () (28) (28)
Final () (19) (22)
Tone (調) Level (Ø) Level (Ø)
Openness (開合) Open Open
Division () III III
Fanqie
Reconstructions
Zhengzhang
Shangfang
/kɨ/ /kɨʌ/
Pan
Wuyun
/kɨ/ /kiɔ/
Shao
Rongfen
/kie/ /kiɔ/
Edwin
Pulleyblank
/kɨ/ /kɨə̆/
Li
Rong
/kiə/ /kiɔ/
Wang
Li
/kĭə/ /kĭo/
Bernard
Karlgren
/ki/ /ki̯wo/
Expected
Mandarin
Reflex
Baxter-Sagart system 1.1 (2014)
Character
Reading # 1/3 2/3 3/3
Modern
Beijing
(Pinyin)
Middle
Chinese
‹ kjo › ‹ kjo › ‹ kjoH ›
Old
Chinese
/*k(r)a/ /*ka/ /*k(r)a-s/ (based on rhyme evidence)
English squat; stay, dwell final particle dwelling

Notes for Old Chinese notations in the Baxter-Sagart system:

* Parentheses "()" indicate uncertain presence;
* Square brackets "[]" indicate uncertain identity, e.g. *[t] as coda may in fact be *-t or *-p;
* Angle brackets "<>" indicate infix;
* Hyphen "-" indicates morpheme boundary;

* Period "." indicates syllable boundary.
Zhengzhang system (2003)
Character
Reading # 1/2 2/2
No. 4209 4264
Phonetic
component
Rime
group
Rime
subdivision
0 0
Corresponding
MC rime
Old
Chinese
/*kɯ/ /*kas/

Definitions[edit]

  1. to live; to dwell; to reside
  2. to occupy; to rank
  3. to claim
  4. to stay put
  5. house; residence; dwelling
  6. restaurant

Compounds[edit]


Japanese[edit]

Kanji[edit]

(grade 5 “Kyōiku” kanji)

  1. to sit

Readings[edit]

Etymology 1[edit]

Kanji in this term
きょ
Grade: 5
on'yomi

From Middle Chinese (kjo).

Pronunciation[edit]

Noun[edit]

‎(hiragana きょ, romaji kyo)

  1. residence

Etymology 2[edit]

Kanji in this term

Grade: 5
kun'yomi

Pronunciation[edit]

Noun[edit]

‎(hiragana , romaji i, historical hiragana )

  1. residence
Derived terms[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ 2006, 大辞林 (Daijirin), Third Edition (in Japanese), Tōkyō: Sanseidō, ISBN 4-385-13905-9
  2. ^ 1998, NHK日本語発音アクセント辞典 (NHK Japanese Pronunciation Accent Dictionary) (in Japanese), Tōkyō: NHK, ISBN 978-4-14-011112-3

Korean[edit]

Hanja[edit]

‎(geo, gi) (hangeul , , revised geo, gi, McCune-Reischauer kŏ, ki)

  1. This term needs a translation to English. Please help out and add a translation, then remove the text {{rfdef}}.

Vietnamese[edit]

Han character[edit]

()

  1. This term needs a translation to English. Please help out and add a translation, then remove the text {{rfdef}}.