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See also:
U+59EC, 姬
CJK UNIFIED IDEOGRAPH-59EC

[U+59EB]
CJK Unified Ideographs
[U+59ED]
U2f862.svg
姬 U+2F862, 姬
CJK COMPATIBILITY IDEOGRAPH-2F862
𡛪
[U+2F861]
CJK Compatibility Ideographs Supplement 娛
[U+2F863]

Translingual[edit]

Traditional
Simplified
Japanese
Korean

Alternative forms[edit]

The character commonly used in Japanese is (U+59EB). Note that the Korean form is written with 𦣝 as the right component, which is the historical form found in the Kangxi Dictionary.

Han character[edit]

(Kangxi radical 38, +7, 10 strokes, cangjie input 女尸中中 (VSLL), four-corner 41417, composition𦣞(GHT) or ⿰𦣝(K))

Derived characters[edit]

References[edit]

  • KangXi: page 260, character 23
  • Dai Kanwa Jiten: character 6230
  • Dae Jaweon: page 526, character 24
  • Hanyu Da Zidian (first edition): volume 2, page 1049, character 15
  • Unihan data for U+59EC

Chinese[edit]

trad.
simp. #
alternative forms
Wikipedia has articles on:

Glyph origin[edit]

Historical forms of the character
Shang Western Zhou Spring and Autumn Warring States
Oracle bone script Bronze inscriptions Bronze inscriptions Bronze inscriptions
姬-oracle.svg 姬-bronze.svg 姬-bronze-spring.svg 姬-bronze-warring.svg

Phono-semantic compound (形聲, OC *klɯ, *lɯ): semantic (woman; matrilateral family line; family name) + phonetic 𦣞 ().

Etymology 1[edit]

This etymology is incomplete. You can help Wiktionary by elaborating on the origins of this term.

Zhou dynastic surname
Its eponym was traditionally held to the river (), which has been identified with the river (Fén) in Shanxi. However, Pulleyblank (2000) points out that "there seems to be no record of a Ji River outside the myth" of the Yellow Emperor.
Instead, he suggests an etymological connection between "the two intermarrying moieties, a ruling clan and its collateral, wife-supplying counterpart": (OC *(C)ɰə̀ɰ) and (*(C)ɰàŋ). He also points to other word-pairs, including (MCX, “to resemble”) < *-əɰʔ and (MC zɨɐŋX, “to imitate, image”) < *-aŋʔ, which display the phonetic correspondences: * vs. * as well *-ə- vs. *-a- (ibid.)
lady (ancient laudatory title for women)
According to Yan Shigu (apud Kangxi Dictionary):
列國所以婦人 [Classical Chinese, trad.]
列国所以妇人 [Classical Chinese, simp.]
From: Kangxi zidian
běn Zhōu xìng, qí nǚ guì yú lièguó zhī nǚ, suǒyǐ fùrén měihào jiē chēng . [Pinyin]
Ji ("姬") was originally the surname of the Zhou; their princesses were more honorable than princesses of other states; therefore women with laudatory appellations are all called Ji ("姬").
"gay"
Homophonous with () or English gay (in Cantonese) and already carrying feminine connotations. Probably influenced by Japanese (ひめ) (hime, princess).

Pronunciation[edit]



Rime
Character
Reading # 2/2
Initial () (28)
Final () (19)
Tone (調) Level (Ø)
Openness (開合) Open
Division () III
Fanqie
Reconstructions
Zhengzhang
Shangfang
/kɨ/
Pan
Wuyun
/kɨ/
Shao
Rongfen
/kie/
Edwin
Pulleyblank
/kɨ/
Li
Rong
/kiə/
Wang
Li
/kĭə/
Bernard
Karlgren
/ki/
Expected
Mandarin
Reflex
Expected
Cantonese
Reflex
gei1
BaxterSagart system 1.1 (2014)
Character
Reading # 1/1
Modern
Beijing
(Pinyin)
Middle
Chinese
‹ ki ›
Old
Chinese
/*[k](r)ə/
English (family name)

Notes for Old Chinese notations in the Baxter–Sagart system:

* Parentheses "()" indicate uncertain presence;
* Square brackets "[]" indicate uncertain identity, e.g. *[t] as coda may in fact be *-t or *-p;
* Angle brackets "<>" indicate infix;
* Hyphen "-" indicates morpheme boundary;

* Period "." indicates syllable boundary.
Zhengzhang system (2003)
Character
Reading # 1/2
No. 14882
Phonetic
component
Rime
group
Rime
subdivision
0
Corresponding
MC rime
Old
Chinese
/*klɯ/

Definitions[edit]

  1. a surname, used by the ruling family of the House of Zhou
      ―  Wáng   ―  (historical) Royal (Princess) Ji (formal appellation for various women born out of the royal house of Zhou)
      ―  zhū  ―  (historical) the various Ji (collective appellation for various nobles and states' rulers patrilineally related to the royal house of Zhou)
  2. (literary) lady (ancient laudatory title for women)
  3. (mythology) name of a river
  4. (literary) beauty
  5. (literary) concubine
  6. (neologism, slang) Synonym of (, “gay”), with a feminine connotation; lesbian
      ―  gǎo  ―  to engage in lesbian activities
Synonyms[edit]

Compounds[edit]

Etymology 2[edit]

(This etymology is missing or incomplete. Please add to it, or discuss it at the Etymology scriptorium.)

Pronunciation[edit]


Rime
Character
Reading # 1/2
Initial () (36)
Final () (19)
Tone (調) Level (Ø)
Openness (開合) Open
Division () III
Fanqie
Reconstructions
Zhengzhang
Shangfang
/jɨ/
Pan
Wuyun
/jɨ/
Shao
Rongfen
/ie/
Edwin
Pulleyblank
/jɨ/
Li
Rong
/iə/
Wang
Li
/jĭə/
Bernard
Karlgren
/i/
Expected
Mandarin
Reflex
Expected
Cantonese
Reflex
ji4
Zhengzhang system (2003)
Character
Reading # 2/2
No. 14887
Phonetic
component
Rime
group
Rime
subdivision
0
Corresponding
MC rime
Old
Chinese
/*lɯ/

Definitions[edit]

  1. This term needs a translation to English. Please help out and add a translation, then remove the text {{rfdef}}.

Japanese[edit]

Kanji[edit]

(uncommon “Hyōgai” kanji)

  1. alternative form of

Readings[edit]

Definitions[edit]

Kanji in this term
ひめ
Hyōgaiji
kun’yomi
For pronunciation and definitions of – see the following entry.
ひめS
[noun] the daughter of a high-ranking person
[noun] a noblewoman
[noun] a princess
[noun] (euphemistic) a woman
[noun] (regional slang) in the Kyōto and Osaka areas, a prostitute
[noun] Short for 姫糊 (himenori): a kind of starch glue made from boiled-down rice
[prefix] cute
[prefix] small
[proper noun] a place name
[proper noun] a surname
[proper noun] a female given name
S
[suffix] girl; maiden; woman
(This term, , is an alternative spelling of the above terms.)

Korean[edit]

Hanja[edit]

(hui) (hangeul , revised hui, McCune–Reischauer hŭi, Yale huy)

  1. woman

Vietnamese[edit]

Han character[edit]

: Hán Nôm readings:

  1. This term needs a translation to English. Please help out and add a translation, then remove the text {{rfdef}}.