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U+53D6, 取
CJK UNIFIED IDEOGRAPH-53D6

[U+53D5]
CJK Unified Ideographs
[U+53D7]

Translingual[edit]

Han character[edit]

(radical 29, +6, 8 strokes, cangjie input 尸十水 (SJE), four-corner 17140, composition)

Derived characters[edit]

References[edit]

  • KangXi: page 166, character 4
  • Dai Kanwa Jiten: character 3158
  • Dae Jaweon: page 377, character 2
  • Hanyu Da Zidian (first edition): volume 1, page 395, character 1
  • Unihan data for U+53D6

Chinese[edit]

simp. and trad.

Glyph origin[edit]

Historical forms of the character
Shang Western Zhou Warring States Shuowen Jiezi (compiled in Han) Liushutong (compiled in Ming)
Oracle bone script Bronze inscriptions Chu Slip and silk script Small seal script Transcribed ancient scripts
取-oracle.svg 取-bronze.svg 取-silk.svg 取-seal.svg 取-bigseal.svg

Ideogrammic compound (會意):  (ear) +  (hand) - often explained as "to take an enemy's ear and carry it in one's hand", following the Shuowen (《又部》取:捕取也。从又从耳。《周禮》:「獲者取左耳。」《司馬法》曰:「載獻聝。」聝者,耳也。). Note, however, the secondary meaning of 耳 = "handle".

Pronunciation 1[edit]


Note:
  • Min Bei
  • Min Dong
  • Min Nan
  • Wu
  • Xiang

    Rime
    Character
    Reading # 1/2 2/2
    Initial () (14) (14)
    Final () (24) (137)
    Tone (調) Rising (X) Rising (X)
    Openness (開合) Closed Open
    Division () III I
    Fanqie
    Reconstructions
    Zhengzhang
    Shangfang
    /t͡sʰɨoX/ /t͡sʰəuX/
    Pan
    Wuyun
    /t͡sʰioX/ /t͡sʰəuX/
    Shao
    Rongfen
    /t͡sʰioX/ /t͡sʰəuX/
    Edwin
    Pulleyblank
    /t͡sʰuə̆X/ /t͡sʰəwX/
    Li
    Rong
    /t͡sʰioX/ /t͡sʰuX/
    Wang
    Li
    /t͡sʰĭuX/ /t͡sʰəuX/
    Bernard
    Karlgren
    /t͡sʰi̯uX/ /t͡sʰə̯uX/
    Expected
    Mandarin
    Reflex
    cǒu
    BaxterSagart system 1.1 (2014)
    Character
    Reading # 1/3 2/3
    Modern
    Beijing
    (Pinyin)
    cǒu
    Middle
    Chinese
    ‹ tshuwX › ‹ tshjuX ›
    Old
    Chinese
    /*tsʰˁoʔ/ /*tsʰoʔ/
    English take take

    Notes for Old Chinese notations in the Baxter–Sagart system:

    * Parentheses "()" indicate uncertain presence;
    * Square brackets "[]" indicate uncertain identity, e.g. *[t] as coda may in fact be *-t or *-p;
    * Angle brackets "<>" indicate infix;
    * Hyphen "-" indicates morpheme boundary;

    * Period "." indicates syllable boundary.
    Zhengzhang system (2003)
    Character
    Reading # 1/2 2/2
    No. 10626 10656
    Phonetic
    component
    Rime
    group
    Rime
    subdivision
    0 0
    Corresponding
    MC rime
    Old
    Chinese
    /*sʰloːʔ/ /*sʰloʔ/

    Definitions[edit]

    1. to take; to fetch
    2. to get; to obtain
    3. to receive
    4. to select; to choose
    5. A surname​.

    Synonyms[edit]

    Pronunciation 2[edit]



    BaxterSagart system 1.1 (2014)
    Character
    Reading # 3/3
    Modern
    Beijing
    (Pinyin)
    Middle
    Chinese
    ‹ tshjuH ›
    Old
    Chinese
    /*[ts]ʰoʔ-s/
    English take (a wife)

    Notes for Old Chinese notations in the Baxter–Sagart system:

    * Parentheses "()" indicate uncertain presence;
    * Square brackets "[]" indicate uncertain identity, e.g. *[t] as coda may in fact be *-t or *-p;
    * Angle brackets "<>" indicate infix;
    * Hyphen "-" indicates morpheme boundary;

    * Period "." indicates syllable boundary.

    Definitions[edit]

    1. Original form of (, “to marry”).

    Compounds[edit]


    Japanese[edit]

    Kanji[edit]

    (grade 3 “Kyōiku” kanji)

    1. take, fetch, take up

    Readings[edit]

    Derived terms[edit]


    Korean[edit]

    Hanja[edit]

    (eumhun 가질 (gajil chwi))

    1. Hanja form? of (to take; to fetch).

    Vietnamese[edit]

    Han character[edit]

    : Hán Nôm readings: thủ, thú

    1. take, seize