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Translingual[edit]

Stroke order
耳-bw.png
Japanese stroke order
耳-jbw.png
Stroke order
耳-order.gif

Alternative forms[edit]

When part of a compound character, particularly as the left radical, the bottom horizontal stroke may not cross at bottom right. This is a script variant, found for example in Japanese .

Etymology[edit]

Historical forms of the character
Oracle bone script Bronze inscriptions Large seal script Small seal script
耳-oracle.svg 耳-bronze.svg 耳-bigseal.svg 耳-seal.svg

Pictogram (象形) – an ear. The opening of the ear becomes the surrounding box 口, the cartilage inside the ear yields the lines 二, while the earlobe becomes the lower right corner 十.

Han character[edit]

(radical 128 +0, 6 strokes, cangjie input 尸十 (SJ), four-corner 10400)

  1. Kangxi radical #128, ⽿ ‎(ear).

Derived characters[edit]

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  • KangXi: page 965, character 5
  • Dai Kanwa Jiten: character 28999
  • Dae Jaweon: page 1413, character 12
  • Hanyu Da Zidian: volume 4, page 2783, character 1
  • Unihan data for U+8033

Chinese[edit]

simp. and trad.

Etymology[edit]

The anatomical sense is from Proto-Sino-Tibetan *r/g-na.

Pronunciation[edit]



Rime
Character
Reading # 1/1
Initial () (38)
Final () (19)
Tone (調) Rising (X)
Openness (開合) Open
Division () III
Fanqie
Reconstructions
Zhengzhang
Shangfang
/ȵɨX/
Pan
Wuyun
/ȵɨX/
Shao
Rongfen
/ȵʑieX/
Edwin
Pulleyblank
/ȵɨX/
Li
Rong
/ȵiəX/
Wang
Li
/ȵʑĭəX/
Bernard
Karlgren
/ȵʑiX/
Expected
Mandarin
Reflex
ěr
Baxter-Sagart system 1.1 (2014)
Character
Reading # 1/2 2/2
Modern
Beijing
(Pinyin)
ěr ěr
Middle
Chinese
‹ nyiX › ‹ nyiX ›
Old
Chinese
/*C.nəʔ/ /*nəʔ/
English ear =⽽而已 “that’s all”

Notes for Old Chinese notations in the Baxter-Sagart system:

* Parentheses "()" indicate uncertain presence;
* Square brackets "[]" indicate uncertain identity, e.g. *[t] as coda may in fact be *-t or *-p;
* Angle brackets "<>" indicate infix;
* Hyphen "-" indicates morpheme boundary;

* Period "." indicates syllable boundary.
Zhengzhang system (2003)
Character
Reading # 1/1
No. 2783
Phonetic
component
Rime
group
Rime
subdivision
0
Corresponding
MC rime
Old
Chinese
/*njɯʔ/

Definitions[edit]

  1. ear
    耳朵
  2. an ear-like object
  3. an object, which like the ears, is found on both sides
  4. handle, knob
  5. to hear; to hear of
  6. (→ (ér)) (phrase-final particle) merely; only, that's all

Compounds[edit]


Japanese[edit]

Kanji[edit]

(grade 1 “Kyōiku” kanji)

Readings[edit]

Compounds[edit]

Kanji in this term
みみ
Grade: 1
kun'yomi

Pronunciation[edit]

Noun[edit]

‎(hiragana みみ, romaji mimi)

  1. ear; ears
     (みみ) (かゆ)いのです。
    Mimi ga kayui no desu.
    My ear is itchy.
  2. crust (of bread)

Derived terms[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ 2006, 大辞林 (Daijirin), Third Edition (in Japanese), Tōkyō: Sanseidō, ISBN 4-385-13905-9
  2. ^ 1998, NHK日本語発音アクセント辞典 (NHK Japanese Pronunciation Accent Dictionary) (in Japanese), Tōkyō: NHK, ISBN 978-4-14-011112-3

Korean[edit]

Hanja[edit]

‎(i)
Eumhun:

  • Sound (hangeul):  (McCune-Reischauer: i, Yale: i)
  • Name (hangeul): ()
  1. This term needs a translation to English. Please help out and add a translation, then remove the text {{rfdef}}.

Okinawan[edit]

Kanji[edit]

Compounds[edit]

Etymology[edit]

Cognate with mainland Japanese ‎(mimi).

Noun[edit]

‎(hiragana みん, romaji min)

  1. ear

Vietnamese[edit]

Han character[edit]

(nhĩ, nhải, nhãi)

  1. This term needs a translation to English. Please help out and add a translation, then remove the text {{rfdef}}.