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Translingual[edit]

Stroke order
耳-bw.png
Japanese stroke order
耳-jbw.png
Stroke order
耳-order.gif

Alternative forms[edit]

When part of a compound character, particularly as the left radical, the bottom horizontal stroke may not cross at bottom right. This is a script variant, found for example in Japanese .

Etymology[edit]

Historical forms of the character
Oracle bone script Bronze inscriptions Large seal script Small seal script
耳-oracle.svg 耳-bronze.svg 耳-bigseal.svg 耳-seal.svg

Pictogram (象形) – an ear. The opening of the ear becomes the surrounding box 口, the cartilage inside the ear yields the lines 二, while the earlobe becomes the lower right corner 十.

Han character[edit]

(radical 128 +0, 6 strokes, cangjie input 尸十 (SJ), four-corner 10400)

Derived characters[edit]

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  • KangXi: page 965, character 5
  • Dai Kanwa Jiten: character 28999
  • Dae Jaweon: page 1413, character 12
  • Hanyu Da Zidian: volume 4, page 2783, character 1
  • Unihan data for U+8033

Chinese[edit]

simp. and trad.

Etymology[edit]

The anatomical sense is from Proto-Sino-Tibetan *r/g-na.

Pronunciation[edit]


Middle Chinese pronunciation (, reconstructed)
Character (), Pronunciation 1/1

Initial: (38)
Final:
Division: III

Openness: Open
Tone: Rising (X)

Fanqie:
Zhengzhang
Shangfang
Bernard
Karlgren
Li
Rong
Pan
Wuyun
Edwin
Pulleyblank
Wang
Li
Shao
Rongfen
/ȵɨX/ /ȵʑiX/ /ȵiəX/ /ȵɨX/ /ȵɨX/ /ȵʑĭəX/ /ȵʑieX/
Old Chinese pronunciation (, reconstructed)
Baxter-Sagart system 1.1 (2014)
Character Modern Beijing
(Pinyin)
Middle Chinese Old Chinese English
ěr ‹ nyiX › /*C.nəʔ/ ear
ěr ‹ nyiX › /*nəʔ/ =⽽而已 “that’s all”

Notes for Old Chinese notations in the Baxter-Sagart system:

  • Parentheses "()" indicate uncertain presence;
  • Square brackets "[]" indicate uncertain identity, e.g. *[t] as coda may in fact be *-t or *-p;
  • Angle brackets "<>" indicate infix;
  • Hyphen "-" indicates morpheme boundary;
  • Period "." indicates syllable boundary.
Zhengzhang system (2003)
Character No. Phonetic
component
Rime
group
Rime
subdivision
Corresponding
MC rime
Old Chinese Notes
2783 0 /*njɯʔ/

Definitions[edit]

  1. ear
    耳朵
  2. an ear-like object
  3. an object, which like the ears, is found on both sides
  4. handle, knob
  5. to hear; to hear of
  6. (→ (ér)) (phrase-final particle) merely; only, that's all

Compounds[edit]


Japanese[edit]

Kanji[edit]

(grade 1 “Kyōiku” kanji)

Readings[edit]

Compounds[edit]

Kanji in this term
みみ
Grade: 1
kun'yomi

Pronunciation[edit]

Noun[edit]

‎(hiragana みみ, romaji mimi)

  1. an ear; ears
    が痒いのです。
    みみがかゆいのです。
    Mimi ga kayui no desu.
    My ear is itchy.
  2. of bread, the crust

Derived terms[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ 2006, 大辞林 (Daijirin), Third Edition (in Japanese), Tōkyō: Sanseidō, ISBN 4-385-13905-9
  2. ^ 1998, NHK日本語発音アクセント辞典 (NHK Japanese Pronunciation Accent Dictionary) (in Japanese), Tōkyō: NHK, ISBN 978-4-14-011112-3

Korean[edit]

Hanja[edit]

‎(i)
Eumhun:

  • Sound (hangeul):  (McCune-Reischauer: i, Yale: i)
  • Name (hangeul): ()
  1. This entry needs a definition. Please add one, then remove {{defn}}.

Okinawan[edit]

Kanji[edit]

Compounds[edit]

Etymology[edit]

Cognate with mainland Japanese ‎(mimi).

Noun[edit]

‎(hiragana みん, romaji min)

  1. ear

Vietnamese[edit]

Han character[edit]

(nhĩ, nhải, nhãi)

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