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See also:
U+8033, 耳
CJK UNIFIED IDEOGRAPH-8033

[U+8032]
CJK Unified Ideographs
[U+8034]

Translingual[edit]

Stroke order
6 strokes
Japanese stroke order
6 strokes
Stroke order
耳-order.gif

Alternative forms[edit]

When part of a compound character, particularly as the left radical, the bottom horizontal stroke may not cross at bottom right. This is a script variant, found for example in Japanese .

Han character[edit]

(radical 128 +0, 6 strokes, cangjie input 尸十 (SJ), four-corner 10400)

  1. Kangxi radical #128, ⽿.

Derived characters[edit]

References[edit]

  • KangXi: page 965, character 5
  • Dai Kanwa Jiten: character 28999
  • Dae Jaweon: page 1413, character 12
  • Hanyu Da Zidian: volume 4, page 2783, character 1
  • Unihan data for U+8033

Chinese[edit]

simp. and trad.

Glyph origin[edit]

Historical forms of the character
Shang Western Zhou Shuowen Jiezi (compiled in Han) Liushutong (compiled in Ming)
Oracle bone script Bronze inscriptions Small seal script Transcribed ancient scripts
耳-oracle.svg 耳-bronze.svg 耳-seal.svg 耳-bigseal.svg
Characters in the same phonetic series () (Zhengzhang, 2003) 
Old Chinese
*nɯːs, *njɯs
*miː
*mniʔ
*mniʔ
*mniʔ
*njis, *njoŋ
*nɯʔ
*n̥ʰɯʔ
*njɯ, *njɯs
*njɯ, *njɯs
*njɯʔ
*njɯʔ, *njɯs
*njɯʔ
*njɯs
*njɯs
*njɯs
*njɯs
*njɯs
*njɯs, *rnɯːɡ

Pictogram (象形) – an ear.

Etymology 1[edit]

From Proto-Sino-Tibetan *r/g-na (ear).

Pronunciation[edit]


Note: ngi2 - variant pronunciation.
Note:
  • ngê - vernacular;
  • ngī - literary.
Note:
  • hī/hǐ/hīⁿ - vernacular;
  • ní/jí/jíⁿ - literary.
Note:
  • hin6 - vernacular;
  • re2 - literary.
Note:
  • 3nyi - vernacular;
  • 3hher - literary.

Rime
Character
Reading # 1/1
Initial () (38)
Final () (19)
Tone (調) Rising (X)
Openness (開合) Open
Division () III
Fanqie
Reconstructions
Zhengzhang
Shangfang
/ȵɨX/
Pan
Wuyun
/ȵɨX/
Shao
Rongfen
/ȵʑieX/
Edwin
Pulleyblank
/ȵɨX/
Li
Rong
/ȵiəX/
Wang
Li
/ȵʑĭəX/
Bernard
Karlgren
/ȵʑiX/
Expected
Mandarin
Reflex
ěr
Baxter-Sagart system 1.1 (2014)
Character
Reading # 1/2
Modern
Beijing
(Pinyin)
ěr
Middle
Chinese
‹ nyiX ›
Old
Chinese
/*C.nəʔ/
English ear

Notes for Old Chinese notations in the Baxter-Sagart system:

* Parentheses "()" indicate uncertain presence;
* Square brackets "[]" indicate uncertain identity, e.g. *[t] as coda may in fact be *-t or *-p;
* Angle brackets "<>" indicate infix;
* Hyphen "-" indicates morpheme boundary;

* Period "." indicates syllable boundary.
Zhengzhang system (2003)
Character
Reading # 1/1
No. 2783
Phonetic
component
Rime
group
Rime
subdivision
0
Corresponding
MC rime
Old
Chinese
/*njɯʔ/

Definitions[edit]

  1. ear
  2. ear-like object
  3. an object, which like the ears, is found on both sides
    •   ―  ěrfáng  ―  (please add an English translation of this example)
    • /   ―  ěrmén  ―  (please add an English translation of this example)
  4. handle; knob
  5. to hear; to hear of
  6. A surname​.
Synonyms[edit]
Dialectal synonyms of 耳朵 (“ear”) [map]
Variety Location Words
Classical Chinese
Formal (Written Standard Chinese) 耳朵
Mandarin Beijing 耳朵
Taiwan 耳朵
Harbin 耳朵
Shenyang 耳朵
Hailar 耳朵
Ulan Hot 耳朵
Tongliao 耳朵
Chifeng 耳朵
Bayanhot 耳朵
Jinan 耳朵
Muping 耳朵
Luoyang 耳道
Jiedian 耳朵
Xi'an 耳朵
Zhengzhou 耳朵
Xining 耳朵
Xuzhou 耳朵
Yinchuan 耳朵
Lanzhou 耳朵
Ürümqi 耳朵耳瓜子耳朵瓜子
Wuhan 耳凍
Chengdu 耳朵
Guiyang 耳朵
Guilin 耳朵
Liuzhou 耳朵
Kunming 耳朵
Yangzhou 耳頭
Nanjing 耳朵
Hefei 耳道
Nantong 耳頭
Cantonese Guangzhou 耳仔
Hong Kong 耳仔
Shunde 耳仔
Foshan 耳仔
Zhongshan 耳仔
Dongguan 耳吉
Hong Kong (Weitou) 耳仔耳吉
Taishan 耳仔
Doumen 耳仔
Kaiping 耳仔
Shaoguan 耳仔耳朵
Yunfu 耳仔
Yangjiang 耳仔
Lianjiang 耳仔
Nanning 耳朵耳仔
Wuzhou 耳朵耳仔
Yulin 耳鬼
Hepu 耳朵
Kuala Lumpur 耳仔
Gan Nanchang 耳朵
Lichuan 耳朵
Pingxiang 耳朵
Hakka Meixian 耳公
Luchuan 耳朵
Changting 耳朵
Wuping 耳腦耳公
Ninghua 耳朵
Yudu 耳朵
Miaoli (N. Sixian) 耳公
Liudui (S. Sixian) 耳公
Hsinchu (Hailu) 耳空
Dongshi (Dabu) 耳公
Zhuolan (Raoping) 耳空耳窟仔
Yunlin (Zhao'an) 耳子
Hong Kong 耳公
Sabah 耳吉耳朵耳珠
Senai 耳公
Singkawang 耳空
Huizhou Shexian 耳朵
Tunxi 耳朵
Jixi 耳朵
Jin Taiyuan 耳朵
Xinzhou 耳朵
Baochang 耳朵
Jining 耳朵
Hohhot 耳朵
Baotou 耳朵
Dongsheng 耳朵
Linhe 耳朵
Haibowan 耳朵
Min Bei Jian'ou 耳仔耳川
Min Dong Fuzhou 耳囝
Changle
Fuqing 耳囝
Yongtai 耳囝
Gutian 耳囝
Fu'an 耳栳
Ningde 耳囝
Shouning 耳栳
Zhouning 耳栳
Fuding 耳栳
Matsu
Min Nan Xiamen 耳仔耳空
Quanzhou 耳仔耳空
Zhangzhou 耳仔耳空
Taipei 耳仔
Kaohsiung 耳仔
Tainan 耳仔
Taichung 耳仔
Wuqi 耳仔
Hsinchu 耳仔
Taitung 耳仔
Lukang 耳仔
Sanxia 耳仔
Yilan 耳仔
Kinmen
Magong 耳仔
Penang 耳仔
Singapore 耳仔
Philippines (Manila) 耳仔
Pingnan 耳朵
Chaozhou
Shantou
Haifeng
Johor Bahru
Haikou
Leizhou
Puxian Min Putian 耳空
Xianyou 耳空耳囝
Pinghua Nanning 耳朵
Guilin 耳朵
Wu Shanghai 耳朵
Suzhou 耳朵耳朵管
Hangzhou 耳朵
Wenzhou 耳朵
Chongming 耳朵
Danyang 耳朵
Jinhua 耳朵
Ningbo 耳朵
Xiang Changsha 耳朵
Shuangfeng 耳凍
Loudi 耳朵
Quanzhou 耳朵

Etymology 2[edit]

EB1911 - Volume 01 - Page 001 - 1.svg This entry lacks etymological information. If you are familiar with the origin of this term, please add it to the page per etymology instructions. You can also discuss it at the Etymology scriptorium.

Pronunciation[edit]


Rime
Character
Reading # 1/1
Initial () (38)
Final () (19)
Tone (調) Rising (X)
Openness (開合) Open
Division () III
Fanqie
Reconstructions
Zhengzhang
Shangfang
/ȵɨX/
Pan
Wuyun
/ȵɨX/
Shao
Rongfen
/ȵʑieX/
Edwin
Pulleyblank
/ȵɨX/
Li
Rong
/ȵiəX/
Wang
Li
/ȵʑĭəX/
Bernard
Karlgren
/ȵʑiX/
Expected
Mandarin
Reflex
ěr
Baxter-Sagart system 1.1 (2014)
Character
Reading # 2/2
Modern
Beijing
(Pinyin)
ěr
Middle
Chinese
‹ nyiX ›
Old
Chinese
/*nəʔ/
English =⽽而已 “that’s all”

Notes for Old Chinese notations in the Baxter-Sagart system:

* Parentheses "()" indicate uncertain presence;
* Square brackets "[]" indicate uncertain identity, e.g. *[t] as coda may in fact be *-t or *-p;
* Angle brackets "<>" indicate infix;
* Hyphen "-" indicates morpheme boundary;

* Period "." indicates syllable boundary.
Zhengzhang system (2003)
Character
Reading # 1/1
No. 2783
Phonetic
component
Rime
group
Rime
subdivision
0
Corresponding
MC rime
Old
Chinese
/*njɯʔ/

Definitions[edit]

  1. (→ (ér)) Phrase-final particle: merely; only; that's all

Etymology 3[edit]

Pronunciation[edit]


Definitions[edit]

  1. Only used in 耳孫耳孙 (réngsūn).

Compounds[edit]


Japanese[edit]

Kanji[edit]

(grade 1 “Kyōiku” kanji)

Readings[edit]

Compounds[edit]


Kanji in this term
みみ
Grade: 1
kun’yomi

Pronunciation[edit]

Noun[edit]

(hiragana みみ, rōmaji mimi)

  1. ear; ears
     (みみ) (かゆ)いのです。
    Mimi ga kayui no desu.
    My ear is itchy.
  2. crust (of bread)

Derived terms[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ 2006, 大辞林 (Daijirin), Third Edition (in Japanese), Tōkyō: Sanseidō, →ISBN
  2. ^ 1998, NHK日本語発音アクセント辞典 (NHK Japanese Pronunciation Accent Dictionary) (in Japanese), Tōkyō: NHK, →ISBN

Korean[edit]

Hanja[edit]

(i)

  • Eumhun:
    • Sound (hangeul): (McCune-Reischauer: i, Yale: i)
    • Name (hangeul):
  1. ear

Okinawan[edit]

Kanji[edit]

Compounds[edit]

Etymology[edit]

Cognate with mainland Japanese (mimi).

Noun[edit]

(hiragana みん, romaji min)

  1. ear

Vietnamese[edit]

Han character[edit]

(nhĩ, nhải, nhãi)

  1. This term needs a translation to English. Please help out and add a translation, then remove the text {{rfdef}}.