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See also:
U+8033, 耳
CJK UNIFIED IDEOGRAPH-8033

[U+8032]
CJK Unified Ideographs
[U+8034]

Translingual[edit]

Stroke order
6 strokes
Stroke order (Japan)
6 strokes
Stroke order
耳-order.gif
Stroke order
(Japan)
耳-jorder.gif

Alternative forms[edit]

When part of a compound character, particularly as the left radical, the bottom horizontal stroke may not cross at bottom right. This is a script variant, found for example in Japanese .

Han character[edit]

(radical 128, +0, 6 strokes, cangjie input 尸十 (SJ), four-corner 10400)

  1. Kangxi radical #128, ⽿.

Derived characters[edit]

References[edit]

  • KangXi: page 965, character 5
  • Dai Kanwa Jiten: character 28999
  • Dae Jaweon: page 1413, character 12
  • Hanyu Da Zidian (first edition): volume 4, page 2783, character 1
  • Unihan data for U+8033





Chinese[edit]

simp. and trad.

Glyph origin[edit]

Historical forms of the character
Shang Western Zhou Warring States Shuowen Jiezi (compiled in Han) Liushutong (compiled in Ming)
Bronze inscriptions Oracle bone script Bronze inscriptions Chu Slip and silk script Qin slip script Small seal script Transcribed ancient scripts
耳-bronze-shang.svg 耳-oracle.svg 耳-bronze.svg 耳-silk.svg 耳-slip.svg 耳-seal.svg 耳-bigseal.svg

Pictogram (象形) – an ear.

Etymology 1[edit]

From Proto-Sino-Tibetan *r/g-na (ear).

Pronunciation[edit]


Note: ngi2 - variant pronunciation.
Note:
  • ngê - vernacular;
  • ngī - literary.
  • Min Nan
  • Note:
    • hī/hǐ/hīⁿ - vernacular;
    • ní/jí/jíⁿ - literary.
    Note:
    • hin6 - vernacular;
    • re2 - literary.
  • Wu
  • Note:
    • 3nyi - vernacular;
    • 3hher - literary.
  • Xiang

    Rime
    Character
    Reading # 1/1
    Initial () (38)
    Final () (19)
    Tone (調) Rising (X)
    Openness (開合) Open
    Division () III
    Fanqie
    Reconstructions
    Zhengzhang
    Shangfang
    /ȵɨX/
    Pan
    Wuyun
    /ȵɨX/
    Shao
    Rongfen
    /ȵʑieX/
    Edwin
    Pulleyblank
    /ȵɨX/
    Li
    Rong
    /ȵiəX/
    Wang
    Li
    /ȵʑĭəX/
    Bernard
    Karlgren
    /ȵʑiX/
    Expected
    Mandarin
    Reflex
    ěr
    BaxterSagart system 1.1 (2014)
    Character
    Reading # 1/2
    Modern
    Beijing
    (Pinyin)
    ěr
    Middle
    Chinese
    ‹ nyiX ›
    Old
    Chinese
    /*C.nəʔ/
    English ear

    Notes for Old Chinese notations in the Baxter–Sagart system:

    * Parentheses "()" indicate uncertain presence;
    * Square brackets "[]" indicate uncertain identity, e.g. *[t] as coda may in fact be *-t or *-p;
    * Angle brackets "<>" indicate infix;
    * Hyphen "-" indicates morpheme boundary;

    * Period "." indicates syllable boundary.
    Zhengzhang system (2003)
    Character
    Reading # 1/1
    No. 2783
    Phonetic
    component
    Rime
    group
    Rime
    subdivision
    0
    Corresponding
    MC rime
    Old
    Chinese
    /*njɯʔ/

    Definitions[edit]

    1. ear
    2. ear-like object
    3. an object, which like the ears, is found on both sides
      •   ―  ěrfáng  ―  (please add an English translation of this example)
      • /   ―  ěrmén  ―  (please add an English translation of this example)
    4. handle; knob
    5. to hear; to hear of
    6. A surname​.
    Synonyms[edit]

    Etymology 2[edit]

    (This etymology is missing or incomplete. Please add to it, or discuss it at the Etymology scriptorium.)

    Pronunciation[edit]



    Rime
    Character
    Reading # 1/1
    Initial () (38)
    Final () (19)
    Tone (調) Rising (X)
    Openness (開合) Open
    Division () III
    Fanqie
    Reconstructions
    Zhengzhang
    Shangfang
    /ȵɨX/
    Pan
    Wuyun
    /ȵɨX/
    Shao
    Rongfen
    /ȵʑieX/
    Edwin
    Pulleyblank
    /ȵɨX/
    Li
    Rong
    /ȵiəX/
    Wang
    Li
    /ȵʑĭəX/
    Bernard
    Karlgren
    /ȵʑiX/
    Expected
    Mandarin
    Reflex
    ěr
    BaxterSagart system 1.1 (2014)
    Character
    Reading # 2/2
    Modern
    Beijing
    (Pinyin)
    ěr
    Middle
    Chinese
    ‹ nyiX ›
    Old
    Chinese
    /*nəʔ/
    English =⽽而已 “that’s all”

    Notes for Old Chinese notations in the Baxter–Sagart system:

    * Parentheses "()" indicate uncertain presence;
    * Square brackets "[]" indicate uncertain identity, e.g. *[t] as coda may in fact be *-t or *-p;
    * Angle brackets "<>" indicate infix;
    * Hyphen "-" indicates morpheme boundary;

    * Period "." indicates syllable boundary.
    Zhengzhang system (2003)
    Character
    Reading # 1/1
    No. 2783
    Phonetic
    component
    Rime
    group
    Rime
    subdivision
    0
    Corresponding
    MC rime
    Old
    Chinese
    /*njɯʔ/

    Definitions[edit]

    1. (→ (ér)) Phrase-final particle: merely; only; that's all

    Etymology 3[edit]

    Pronunciation[edit]


    Definitions[edit]

    1. Only used in 耳孫耳孙 (réngsūn).

    Compounds[edit]

    References[edit]


    Japanese[edit]

    Kanji[edit]

    (grade 1 “Kyōiku” kanji)

    Readings[edit]

    Compounds[edit]


    Kanji in this term
    みみ
    Grade: 1
    kun’yomi

    Pronunciation[edit]

    Noun[edit]

    (みみ) (mimi

    1. ear; ears
      (みみ)(かゆ)いのです。
      Mimi ga kayui no desu.
      My ear is itchy.
    2. crust (of bread)
    3. selvedge (woven edge of a bolt of fabric)

    Derived terms[edit]

    References[edit]

    1. ^ 2006, 大辞林 (Daijirin), Third Edition (in Japanese), Tōkyō: Sanseidō, →ISBN
    2. ^ 1998, NHK日本語発音アクセント辞典 (NHK Japanese Pronunciation Accent Dictionary) (in Japanese), Tōkyō: NHK, →ISBN

    Korean[edit]

    Hanja[edit]

    (eumhun (gwi i))

    1. ear

    Okinawan[edit]

    Kanji[edit]

    Compounds[edit]

    Etymology[edit]

    Cognate with mainland Japanese (mimi).

    Noun[edit]

    (hiragana みん, romaji min)

    1. ear

    Vietnamese[edit]

    Han character[edit]

    (nhĩ, nhải, nhãi)

    1. This term needs a translation to English. Please help out and add a translation, then remove the text {{rfdef}}.