atrium

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English[edit]

A library atrium.

Etymology[edit]

From Latin ātrium (entry hall), from Etruscan.

Pronunciation[edit]

  • IPA(key): /ˈeɪ.tɹi.əm/
  • (file)
  • Hyphenation: a‧tri‧um

Noun[edit]

atrium (plural atria or atriums)

  1. (architecture) A central room or space in ancient Roman homes, open to the sky in the middle; a similar space in other buildings.
  2. (architecture) A square hall lit by daylight from above, into which rooms open at one or more levels.
  3. (anatomy) A cavity, entrance, or passage.
    an atrium of the infundibula of the lungs
  4. (biology) Any enclosed body cavity or chamber.
  5. (anatomy) An upper chamber of the heart that receives blood from the veins and forces it into a ventricle. In higher vertebrates, the right atrium receives blood from the superior vena cava and inferior vena cava, and the left atrium receives blood from the left and right pulmonary veins.
  6. (anatomy) A microscopic air sac within a pulmonary alveolus.
  7. (palynology) A cavity inside a porate aperture of a pollen grain formed by the separation of the sexine and nexine layers, widening toward the interior of the grain.
    • 1965, Janet Kircher Warter, Palynology of a Lignite of Lower Eocene (Wilcox) Age from Kemper County[1], page 52:
      Nexine 0.5μ thick, separating from the sexine about 5μ from the pore and forming a deep, well-defined atrium.

Synonyms[edit]

Meronyms[edit]

Holonyms[edit]

  • (chamber of the heart): heart

Derived terms[edit]

Translations[edit]

Further reading[edit]

Anagrams[edit]


Etruscan[edit]

Romanization[edit]

atrium (atrium)

  1. Romanization of 𐌀𐌕𐌓𐌉𐌖𐌌

Finnish[edit]

Etymology[edit]

From Latin ātrium.

Pronunciation[edit]

  • IPA(key): /ˈɑtrium/, [ˈɑt̪rium]
  • Rhymes: -ɑtrium
  • Syllabification(key): at‧ri‧um

Noun[edit]

atrium

  1. atrium (central room in Roman homes)
  2. atrium (square hall lit from above)

Declension[edit]

Inflection of atrium (Kotus type 5/risti, no gradation)
nominative atrium atriumit
genitive atriumin atriumien
partitive atriumia atriumeja
illative atriumiin atriumeihin
singular plural
nominative atrium atriumit
accusative nom. atrium atriumit
gen. atriumin
genitive atriumin atriumien
partitive atriumia atriumeja
inessive atriumissa atriumeissa
elative atriumista atriumeista
illative atriumiin atriumeihin
adessive atriumilla atriumeilla
ablative atriumilta atriumeilta
allative atriumille atriumeille
essive atriumina atriumeina
translative atriumiksi atriumeiksi
instructive atriumein
abessive atriumitta atriumeitta
comitative atriumeineen
Possessive forms of atrium (type risti)
possessor singular plural
1st person atriumini atriumimme
2nd person atriumisi atriuminne
3rd person atriuminsa

Synonyms[edit]


French[edit]

Etymology[edit]

Borrowed from Latin ātrium. Doublet of aître.

Pronunciation[edit]

Noun[edit]

atrium m (plural atriums)

  1. atrium

Further reading[edit]


Indonesian[edit]

Indonesian Wikipedia has an article on:
Wikipedia id

Etymology[edit]

From Dutch atrium, from Latin ātrium (entry hall), from Etruscan.

Pronunciation[edit]

  • IPA(key): [at̚ˈriʊm]
  • Hyphenation: at‧ri‧um

Noun[edit]

atrium (first-person possessive atriumku, second-person possessive atriummu, third-person possessive atriumnya)

  1. atrium:
    Synonym: serambi
    1. (architecture) a central room or space in ancient Roman homes, open to the sky in the middle; a similar space in other buildings.
      Synonym: beranda
    2. (anatomy) cavity, entrance, or passage.
    3. (anatomy) one of two upper chambers of the heart.

Further reading[edit]


Latin[edit]

Etymology[edit]

Related to Etruscan 𐌀𐌕𐌓𐌉𐌖𐌌 (atrium).

Pronunciation[edit]

Noun[edit]

ātrium n (genitive ātriī or ātrī); second declension

  1. a welcoming room in a Roman villa; reception hall
  2. a hall, court in a temple

Declension[edit]

Second-declension noun (neuter).

Case Singular Plural
Nominative ātrium ātria
Genitive ātriī
ātrī1
ātriōrum
Dative ātriō ātriīs
Accusative ātrium ātria
Ablative ātriō ātriīs
Vocative ātrium ātria

1Found in older Latin (until the Augustan Age).

Derived terms[edit]

Descendants[edit]

  • Inherited:
    • Northern Gallo-Romance:
      • Old French: aitre
        • French: aître
        • Norman: aistre (merged with some Norse root, hence the unetymological ⟨s⟩)
    • Ibero-Romance:
  • Borrowed:

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  • ātrĭum”, in Charlton T. Lewis and Charles Short (1879) A Latin Dictionary, Oxford: Clarendon Press
  • atrium”, in Charlton T. Lewis (1891) An Elementary Latin Dictionary, New York: Harper & Brothers
  • atrium in Charles du Fresne du Cange’s Glossarium Mediæ et Infimæ Latinitatis (augmented edition with additions by D. P. Carpenterius, Adelungius and others, edited by Léopold Favre, 1883–1887)
  • ātrĭum in Gaffiot, Félix (1934) Dictionnaire illustré latin-français, Hachette, page 182/3
  • atrium”, in Harry Thurston Peck, editor (1898) Harper's Dictionary of Classical Antiquities, New York: Harper & Brothers
  • atrium”, in William Smith et al., editor (1890) A Dictionary of Greek and Roman Antiquities, London: William Wayte. G. E. Marindin
  • ātrium” on page 199 of the Oxford Latin Dictionary (1st ed., 1968–82)
  • Niermeyer, Jan Frederik (1976), “atrium”, in Mediae Latinitatis Lexicon Minus, Leiden, Boston: Brill, page 67

Norwegian Bokmål[edit]

Noun[edit]

atrium n (definite singular atriet, indefinite plural atrier, definite plural atria or atriene)

  1. (architecture) an atrium

Norwegian Nynorsk[edit]

Noun[edit]

atrium n (definite singular atriet, indefinite plural atrium, definite plural atria)

  1. (architecture) an atrium

Polish[edit]

Polish Wikipedia has an article on:
Wikipedia pl

Etymology[edit]

Borrowed from Latin ātrium.

Pronunciation[edit]

Noun[edit]

atrium n

  1. (architecture) atrium (a square hall lit by daylight from above, into which rooms open at one or more levels)
  2. (architecture, Ancient Rome) atrium (a central room or space in ancient Roman homes, open to the sky in the middle; a similar space in other buildings)
  3. (anatomy) atrium (one of two upper chambers of the heart)
    Synonym: przedsionek

Declension[edit]

Derived terms[edit]

adjective

Further reading[edit]

  • atrium in Wielki słownik języka polskiego, Instytut Języka Polskiego PAN
  • atrium in Polish dictionaries at PWN

Romanian[edit]

Etymology[edit]

From Latin atrium.

Noun[edit]

atrium n (uncountable)

  1. atrium

Declension[edit]