atrium

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See also: Atrium and átrium

English[edit]

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A library atrium.

Etymology[edit]

From Latin ātrium (entry hall), from Etruscan.

Pronunciation[edit]

  • IPA(key): /ˈeɪ.tɹi.əm/
  • Hyphenation: a‧tri‧um

Noun[edit]

atrium (plural atria or atriums)

  1. (architecture) A central room or space in ancient Roman homes, open to the sky in the middle; a similar space in other buildings.
  2. (architecture) A square hall lit by daylight from above, into which rooms open at one or more levels.
  3. (anatomy) A cavity, entrance, or passage.
    an atrium of the infundibula of the lungs
  4. (biology) Any enclosed sexine and nexine layers, widening toward the interior of the grain.
    • 1965, Janet Kircher Warter, Palynology of a Lignite of Lower Eocene (Wilcox) Age from Kemper County[1], page 52:
      Nexine 0.5μ thick, separating from the sexine about 5μ from the pore and forming a deep, well-defined atrium.

Synonyms[edit]

Translations[edit]

Derived terms[edit]


Finnish[edit]

Noun[edit]

atrium

  1. atrium (central room in Roman homes)
  2. atrium (square hall lit from above)

Declension[edit]

Inflection of atrium (Kotus type 5/risti, no gradation)
nominative atrium atriumit
genitive atriumin atriumien
partitive atriumia atriumeja
illative atriumiin atriumeihin
singular plural
nominative atrium atriumit
accusative nom. atrium atriumit
gen. atriumin
genitive atriumin atriumien
partitive atriumia atriumeja
inessive atriumissa atriumeissa
elative atriumista atriumeista
illative atriumiin atriumeihin
adessive atriumilla atriumeilla
ablative atriumilta atriumeilta
allative atriumille atriumeille
essive atriumina atriumeina
translative atriumiksi atriumeiksi
instructive atriumein
abessive atriumitta atriumeitta
comitative atriumeineen

Synonyms[edit]


French[edit]

Etymology[edit]

Borrowing from Latin ātrium. Doublet of aître.

Noun[edit]

atrium m (plural atriums)

  1. atrium

Latin[edit]

Etymology[edit]

Related to āter, or from Etruscan.

Pronunciation[edit]

Noun[edit]

ātrium n (genitive ātriī); second declension

  1. a welcoming room in a Roman villa; reception hall
  2. a hall, court in a temple

Declension[edit]

Second declension.

Case Singular Plural
nominative ātrium ātria
genitive ātriī
ātrī1
ātriōrum
dative ātriō ātriīs
accusative ātrium ātria
ablative ātriō ātriīs
vocative ātrium ātria

1Found in older Latin (until the Augustan Age).

Derived terms[edit]

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Descendants[edit]

References[edit]

  • ātrĭum in Charlton T. Lewis and Charles Short (1879) A Latin Dictionary, Oxford: Clarendon Press
  • atrium in Charlton T. Lewis (1891) An Elementary Latin Dictionary, New York: Harper & Brothers
  • ATRIUM in Charles du Fresne du Cange’s Glossarium Mediæ et Infimæ Latinitatis (augmented edition, 1883–1887)
  • ātrĭum” on page 182/3 of Félix Gaffiot’s Dictionnaire Illustré Latin-Français, Hachette (1934)
  • atrium in Harry Thurston Peck, editor (1898) Harper's Dictionary of Classical Antiquities, New York: Harper & Brothers
  • atrium in William Smith et al., editor (1890) A Dictionary of Greek and Roman Antiquities, London: William Wayte. G. E. Marindin
  • ātrium” on page 199 of the Oxford Latin Dictionary (1st ed., 1968–82)
  • atrium” on page 67 of Jan Frederik Niermeyer’s Mediae Latinitatis Lexicon Minus (1976)