atrium

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English[edit]

A library atrium.

Etymology[edit]

From Latin ātrium (entry hall), from Etruscan.

Pronunciation[edit]

  • IPA(key): /ˈeɪ.tɹi.əm/
  • (file)
  • Hyphenation: a‧tri‧um

Noun[edit]

atrium (plural atria or atriums)

  1. (architecture) A central room or space in ancient Roman homes, open to the sky in the middle; a similar space in other buildings.
  2. (architecture) A square hall lit by daylight from above, into which rooms open at one or more levels.
  3. (anatomy) A cavity, entrance, or passage.
    an atrium of the infundibula of the lungs
  4. (biology) Any enclosed body cavity or chamber.
  5. (anatomy) An upper chamber of the heart that receives blood from the veins and forces it into a ventricle. In higher vertebrates, the right atrium receives blood from the superior vena cava and inferior vena cava, and the left atrium receives blood from the left and right pulmonary veins.
  6. (anatomy) A microscopic air sac within a pulmonary alveolus.
  7. (palynology) A cavity inside a porate aperture of a pollen grain formed by the separation of the sexine and nexine layers, widening toward the interior of the grain.
    • 1965, Janet Kircher Warter, Palynology of a Lignite of Lower Eocene (Wilcox) Age from Kemper County[1], page 52:
      Nexine 0.5μ thick, separating from the sexine about 5μ from the pore and forming a deep, well-defined atrium.

Synonyms[edit]

Meronyms[edit]

Holonyms[edit]

  • (chamber of the heart): heart

Derived terms[edit]

Translations[edit]

Further reading[edit]

Anagrams[edit]

Etruscan[edit]

Romanization[edit]

atrium

  1. Romanization of 𐌀𐌕𐌓𐌉𐌖𐌌

Finnish[edit]

Etymology[edit]

From Latin ātrium.

Pronunciation[edit]

  • IPA(key): /ˈɑtrium/, [ˈɑ̝t̪rium]
  • Rhymes: -ɑtrium
  • Syllabification(key): at‧ri‧um

Noun[edit]

atrium

  1. atrium (central room in Roman homes)
  2. atrium (square hall lit from above)

Declension[edit]

Inflection of atrium (Kotus type 5/risti, no gradation)
nominative atrium atriumit
genitive atriumin atriumien
partitive atriumia atriumeja
illative atriumiin atriumeihin
singular plural
nominative atrium atriumit
accusative nom. atrium atriumit
gen. atriumin
genitive atriumin atriumien
partitive atriumia atriumeja
inessive atriumissa atriumeissa
elative atriumista atriumeista
illative atriumiin atriumeihin
adessive atriumilla atriumeilla
ablative atriumilta atriumeilta
allative atriumille atriumeille
essive atriumina atriumeina
translative atriumiksi atriumeiksi
abessive atriumitta atriumeitta
instructive atriumein
comitative See the possessive forms below.
Possessive forms of atrium (Kotus type 5/risti, no gradation)
first-person singular possessor
singular plural
nominative atriumini atriumini
accusative nom. atriumini atriumini
gen. atriumini
genitive atriumini atriumieni
partitive atriumiani atriumejani
inessive atriumissani atriumeissani
elative atriumistani atriumeistani
illative atriumiini atriumeihini
adessive atriumillani atriumeillani
ablative atriumiltani atriumeiltani
allative atriumilleni atriumeilleni
essive atriuminani atriumeinani
translative atriumikseni atriumeikseni
abessive atriumittani atriumeittani
instructive
comitative atriumeineni
second-person singular possessor
singular plural
nominative atriumisi atriumisi
accusative nom. atriumisi atriumisi
gen. atriumisi
genitive atriumisi atriumiesi
partitive atriumiasi atriumejasi
inessive atriumissasi atriumeissasi
elative atriumistasi atriumeistasi
illative atriumiisi atriumeihisi
adessive atriumillasi atriumeillasi
ablative atriumiltasi atriumeiltasi
allative atriumillesi atriumeillesi
essive atriuminasi atriumeinasi
translative atriumiksesi atriumeiksesi
abessive atriumittasi atriumeittasi
instructive
comitative atriumeinesi
first-person plural possessor
singular plural
nominative atriumimme atriumimme
accusative nom. atriumimme atriumimme
gen. atriumimme
genitive atriumimme atriumiemme
partitive atriumiamme atriumejamme
inessive atriumissamme atriumeissamme
elative atriumistamme atriumeistamme
illative atriumiimme atriumeihimme
adessive atriumillamme atriumeillamme
ablative atriumiltamme atriumeiltamme
allative atriumillemme atriumeillemme
essive atriuminamme atriumeinamme
translative atriumiksemme atriumeiksemme
abessive atriumittamme atriumeittamme
instructive
comitative atriumeinemme
second-person plural possessor
singular plural
nominative atriuminne atriuminne
accusative nom. atriuminne atriuminne
gen. atriuminne
genitive atriuminne atriumienne
partitive atriumianne atriumejanne
inessive atriumissanne atriumeissanne
elative atriumistanne atriumeistanne
illative atriumiinne atriumeihinne
adessive atriumillanne atriumeillanne
ablative atriumiltanne atriumeiltanne
allative atriumillenne atriumeillenne
essive atriuminanne atriumeinanne
translative atriumiksenne atriumeiksenne
abessive atriumittanne atriumeittanne
instructive
comitative atriumeinenne
third-person possessor
singular plural
nominative atriuminsa atriuminsa
accusative nom. atriuminsa atriuminsa
gen. atriuminsa
genitive atriuminsa atriumiensa
partitive atriumiaan
atriumiansa
atriumejaan
atriumejansa
inessive atriumissaan
atriumissansa
atriumeissaan
atriumeissansa
elative atriumistaan
atriumistansa
atriumeistaan
atriumeistansa
illative atriumiinsa atriumeihinsa
adessive atriumillaan
atriumillansa
atriumeillaan
atriumeillansa
ablative atriumiltaan
atriumiltansa
atriumeiltaan
atriumeiltansa
allative atriumilleen
atriumillensa
atriumeilleen
atriumeillensa
essive atriuminaan
atriuminansa
atriumeinaan
atriumeinansa
translative atriumikseen
atriumiksensa
atriumeikseen
atriumeiksensa
abessive atriumittaan
atriumittansa
atriumeittaan
atriumeittansa
instructive
comitative atriumeineen
atriumeinensa

Synonyms[edit]

Further reading[edit]

French[edit]

Etymology[edit]

Borrowed from Latin ātrium. Doublet of aître.

Pronunciation[edit]

Noun[edit]

atrium m (plural atriums)

  1. atrium

Further reading[edit]

Indonesian[edit]

Indonesian Wikipedia has an article on:
Wikipedia id

Etymology[edit]

From Dutch atrium, from Latin ātrium (entry hall), from Etruscan.

Pronunciation[edit]

  • IPA(key): [at̚ˈriʊm]
  • Hyphenation: at‧ri‧um

Noun[edit]

atrium (first-person possessive atriumku, second-person possessive atriummu, third-person possessive atriumnya)

  1. atrium:
    Synonym: serambi
    1. (architecture) a central room or space in ancient Roman homes, open to the sky in the middle; a similar space in other buildings.
      Synonym: beranda
    2. (anatomy) cavity, entrance, or passage.
    3. (anatomy) one of two upper chambers of the heart.

Further reading[edit]

Latin[edit]

Etymology[edit]

Related to Etruscan 𐌀𐌕𐌓𐌉𐌖𐌌 (atrium).

Pronunciation[edit]

Noun[edit]

ātrium n (genitive ātriī or ātrī); second declension

  1. a welcoming room in a Roman villa; reception hall
  2. a hall, court in a temple

Declension[edit]

Second-declension noun (neuter).

Case Singular Plural
Nominative ātrium ātria
Genitive ātriī
ātrī1
ātriōrum
Dative ātriō ātriīs
Accusative ātrium ātria
Ablative ātriō ātriīs
Vocative ātrium ātria

1Found in older Latin (until the Augustan Age).

Derived terms[edit]

Descendants[edit]

  • Inherited:
    • Northern Gallo-Romance:
      • Old French: aitre
        • French: aître
        • Norman: aistre (merged with some Norse root, hence the unetymological ⟨s⟩)
    • Ibero-Romance:
  • Borrowed:

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  • ātrĭum”, in Charlton T. Lewis and Charles Short (1879) A Latin Dictionary, Oxford: Clarendon Press
  • atrium”, in Charlton T. Lewis (1891) An Elementary Latin Dictionary, New York: Harper & Brothers
  • atrium in Charles du Fresne du Cange’s Glossarium Mediæ et Infimæ Latinitatis (augmented edition with additions by D. P. Carpenterius, Adelungius and others, edited by Léopold Favre, 1883–1887)
  • ātrĭum in Gaffiot, Félix (1934) Dictionnaire illustré latin-français, Hachette, page 182/3
  • atrium”, in Harry Thurston Peck, editor (1898) Harper's Dictionary of Classical Antiquities, New York: Harper & Brothers
  • atrium”, in William Smith et al., editor (1890) A Dictionary of Greek and Roman Antiquities, London: William Wayte. G. E. Marindin
  • ātrium” on page 199 of the Oxford Latin Dictionary (1st ed., 1968–82)
  • Niermeyer, Jan Frederik (1976), “atrium”, in Mediae Latinitatis Lexicon Minus, Leiden, Boston: E. J. Brill, page 67

Norwegian Bokmål[edit]

Noun[edit]

atrium n (definite singular atriet, indefinite plural atrier, definite plural atria or atriene)

  1. (architecture) an atrium

Norwegian Nynorsk[edit]

Noun[edit]

atrium n (definite singular atriet, indefinite plural atrium, definite plural atria)

  1. (architecture) an atrium

Polish[edit]

Polish Wikipedia has an article on:
Wikipedia pl

Etymology[edit]

Borrowed from Latin ātrium.

Pronunciation[edit]

Noun[edit]

atrium n

  1. (architecture) atrium (a square hall lit by daylight from above, into which rooms open at one or more levels)
  2. (architecture, Ancient Rome) atrium (a central room or space in ancient Roman homes, open to the sky in the middle; a similar space in other buildings)
  3. (anatomy) atrium (one of two upper chambers of the heart)
    Synonym: przedsionek

Declension[edit]

Derived terms[edit]

adjective

Further reading[edit]

  • atrium in Wielki słownik języka polskiego, Instytut Języka Polskiego PAN
  • atrium in Polish dictionaries at PWN

Romanian[edit]

Etymology[edit]

Borrowed from Latin atrium.

Noun[edit]

atrium n (uncountable)

  1. atrium

Declension[edit]