lung

Definition from Wiktionary, the free dictionary
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See also: lúng, lừng, and lưng

English[edit]

English Wikipedia has an article on:
Wikipedia

Etymology[edit]

From Middle English lunge, longe, from Old English lungen, from Proto-Germanic *lunganjō, an enlargement of *lungô (the light organ, lung), from Proto-Indo-European *lengʷʰ- (not heavy, agile, nimble); compare *h₁lengʷʰ-, whence ultimately also light. Cognate with West Frisian long, Dutch long, German Lunge, Danish lunge, Norwegian lunge, Swedish lunga, Icelandic lunga, and also Russian лёгкое (ljóxkoje) (lung), Ancient Greek ἐλαφρός (elaphrós, light in weight) and perhaps Albanian lungë (blister, bulge). Compare Latin levis and Old English lēoht (Modern English light). See also lights (lungs). Superseded non-native Middle English pomoun (lung), borrowed from Old French poumon, pomon (lung).

Pronunciation[edit]

  • enPR: lŭng, IPA(key): /ˈlʌŋ/
  • (file)
  • Rhymes: -ʌŋ

Noun[edit]

lung (plural lungs)

  1. (anatomy) A biological organ of vertebrates that controls breathing and oxygenates the blood.
    • 1913, Joseph C. Lincoln, chapter 7, in Mr. Pratt's Patients:
      I made a speaking trumpet of my hands and commenced to whoop “Ahoy!” and “Hello!” at the top of my lungs. […] The Colonel woke up, and, after asking what in brimstone was the matter, opened his mouth and roared “Hi!” and “Hello!” like the bull of Bashan.
  2. (in the plural) Capacity for exercise or exertion; breath.
    He hasn't the lungs to play long rallies like he use to.
  3. That which supplies oxygen or fresh air, such as trees, parklands, forest, etc., to a place.
    • 1898, H.G. Wells, The War of the Worlds, London: William Heinemann, page 123:
      Afterwards he found that the vague feeling of alarm had spread to the clients of the underground railway, and that the Sunday excursionists began to return from all the South-Western "lungs" - Barnes, Wimbledon, Richmond Park, Kew, and so forth - at unnaturally early hours[.]

Synonyms[edit]

  • (organ): (in the plural) bellows (informal or archaic), (in the plural) lights (of an animal, used as food)

Derived terms[edit]

See also[edit]

Translations[edit]


Aromanian[edit]

Alternative forms[edit]

Etymology[edit]

From Latin longus. Compare Romanian lung.

Adjective[edit]

lung m (feminine lunghe, masculine plural lundz, feminine plural lundzi)

  1. long

Related terms[edit]

See also[edit]


Indonesian[edit]

Indonesian Wikipedia has an article on:
Wikipedia id

Pronunciation[edit]

  • IPA(key): [ˈlʊŋ]
  • Hyphenation: lung

Etymology 1[edit]

(This etymology is missing or incomplete. Please add to it, or discuss it at the Etymology scriptorium.).

Noun[edit]

lung (first-person possessive lungku, second-person possessive lungmu, third-person possessive lungnya)

  1. curve, bend.
    Synonym: keluk
  2. archer's bow.
    Synonym: busur

Etymology 2[edit]

Inherited from Malay [Term?], from Hokkien [Term?] (láng, lâng, lông, lóng, “bamboo container”).

Noun[edit]

lung (first-person possessive lungku, second-person possessive lungmu, third-person possessive lungnya)

  1. bottomless coffin.

Etymology 3[edit]

Noun[edit]

lung (first-person possessive lungku, second-person possessive lungmu, third-person possessive lungnya)

  1. alternative spelling of long (large firecracker).

Further reading[edit]


Lashi[edit]

Pronunciation[edit]

Verb[edit]

lung

  1. to force someone to put (something inside something)

References[edit]

  • Hkaw Luk (2017) A grammatical sketch of Lacid[1], Chiang Mai: Payap University (master thesis)

Old French[edit]

Adjective[edit]

lung m (oblique and nominative feminine singular lunge)

  1. (Anglo-Norman) Alternative form of long

Declension[edit]

Derived terms[edit]


Romanian[edit]

Etymology[edit]

From the Latin longus (long, adjective), from Proto-Indo-European *dl̥h₁gʰós (long).

Pronunciation[edit]

Adjective[edit]

lung m or n (feminine singular lungă, plural lungi)

  1. long
    Asta e o stradă foarte lungă!
    This is a really long street!

Declension[edit]

Antonyms[edit]

Derived terms[edit]

Related terms[edit]

See also[edit]


Romansch[edit]

Etymology[edit]

From Latin longus.

Adjective[edit]

lung m (feminine singular lunga, masculine plural lungs, feminine plural lungas)

  1. long

Vietnamese[edit]

Pronunciation[edit]

Adverb[edit]

lung (𢥆)

  1. (of thought) very hard

Adjective[edit]

lung

  1. (only in compounds) loose

Derived terms[edit]

Derived terms