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See also: and
U+7C60, 籠
CJK UNIFIED IDEOGRAPH-7C60

[U+7C5F]
CJK Unified Ideographs
[U+7C61]

Translingual[edit]

Traditional
Shinjitai
(extended)
Simplified

Han character[edit]

(radical 118, +16, 22 strokes, cangjie input 竹卜月心 (HYBP), four-corner 88211, composition)

Derived characters[edit]

References[edit]

  • KangXi: page 904, character 45
  • Dai Kanwa Jiten: character 26752
  • Dae Jaweon: page 1329, character 33
  • Hanyu Da Zidian (first edition): volume 5, page 3031, character 3
  • Unihan data for U+7C60

Chinese[edit]

trad.
simp.
alternative forms

Glyph origin[edit]

Phono-semantic compound (形聲, OC *roːŋ, *roːŋʔ, *roŋ): semantic + phonetic (OC *b·roŋ, *mroːŋ).

Pronunciation 1[edit]


Note:
  • lè̤ng - vernacular;
  • lùng - literary.
  • Min Nan
  • Note:
    • láng, lâng - vernacular;
    • lông, lóng - literary.
    Note:
    • lang5 - vernacular;
    • long5 - literary;
    • lêng5 - used in 籠床.
  • Wu

    • Dialectal data
    Variety Location
    Mandarin Beijing /luŋ³⁵/
    Harbin /luŋ²⁴/
    Tianjin /luŋ⁴⁵/
    Jinan /luŋ⁴²/
    Qingdao /ləŋ⁴²/
    Zhengzhou /luŋ⁴²/
    Xi'an /luŋ²⁴/ 蒸~
    /luŋ⁵³/ ~子
    Xining /luə̃²⁴/
    Yinchuan /luŋ⁵³/
    Lanzhou /lũn⁴⁴²/
    Ürümqi /luŋ⁵¹/
    Wuhan /noŋ²¹³/
    Chengdu /noŋ³¹/
    Guiyang /noŋ²¹/
    Kunming /loŋ⁵³/
    Nanjing /loŋ²⁴/
    Hefei /ləŋ⁵⁵/
    Jin Taiyuan /luəŋ¹¹/
    Pingyao /luŋ¹³/
    Hohhot /lũŋ³¹/
    Wu Shanghai /loŋ²³/
    Suzhou /loŋ¹³/
    Hangzhou /loŋ²¹³/
    Wenzhou /loŋ³¹/
    Hui Shexian /lʌ̃⁴⁴/
    Tunxi /lan⁴⁴/
    Xiang Changsha /loŋ¹³/
    Xiangtan /nən¹²/
    Gan Nanchang /luŋ⁴⁵/
    Hakka Meixian /luŋ⁴⁴/
    Taoyuan /luŋ²⁴/
    Cantonese Guangzhou /loŋ²¹/
    Nanning /luŋ²¹/
    Hong Kong /luŋ²¹/
    Min Xiamen (Min Nan) /lɔŋ³⁵/
    /laŋ³⁵/
    Fuzhou (Min Dong) /løyŋ⁵³/
    Jian'ou (Min Bei) /lɔŋ³³/
    Shantou (Min Nan) /laŋ⁵⁵/
    /leŋ⁵⁵/
    Haikou (Min Nan) /loŋ³³/
    /laŋ³¹/

    Rime
    Character
    Reading # 1/3
    Initial () (37)
    Final () (1)
    Tone (調) Level (Ø)
    Openness (開合) Open
    Division () I
    Fanqie
    Reconstructions
    Zhengzhang
    Shangfang
    /luŋ/
    Pan
    Wuyun
    /luŋ/
    Shao
    Rongfen
    /luŋ/
    Edwin
    Pulleyblank
    /ləwŋ/
    Li
    Rong
    /luŋ/
    Wang
    Li
    /luŋ/
    Bernard
    Karlgren
    /luŋ/
    Expected
    Mandarin
    Reflex
    lóng
    BaxterSagart system 1.1 (2014)
    Character
    Reading # 1/2
    Modern
    Beijing
    (Pinyin)
    lóng
    Middle
    Chinese
    ‹ luwng ›
    Old
    Chinese
    /*k.rˁoŋ/
    English cage, coop

    Notes for Old Chinese notations in the Baxter–Sagart system:

    * Parentheses "()" indicate uncertain presence;
    * Square brackets "[]" indicate uncertain identity, e.g. *[t] as coda may in fact be *-t or *-p;
    * Angle brackets "<>" indicate infix;
    * Hyphen "-" indicates morpheme boundary;

    * Period "." indicates syllable boundary.
    Zhengzhang system (2003)
    Character
    Reading # 1/3
    No. 8412
    Phonetic
    component
    Rime
    group
    Rime
    subdivision
    0
    Corresponding
    MC rime
    Old
    Chinese
    /*roːŋ/

    Definitions[edit]

    1. bamboo-made implement for holding soil
    2. bamboo-made cage (for animals); coop
    3. bamboo container, holder, hoop, basket, steamer (for buns, dumplings), etc.

    Pronunciation 2[edit]



    Rime
    Character
    Reading # 2/3
    Initial () (37)
    Final () (7)
    Tone (調) Level (Ø)
    Openness (開合) Open
    Division () III
    Fanqie
    Reconstructions
    Zhengzhang
    Shangfang
    /lɨoŋ/
    Pan
    Wuyun
    /lioŋ/
    Shao
    Rongfen
    /lioŋ/
    Edwin
    Pulleyblank
    /luawŋ/
    Li
    Rong
    /lioŋ/
    Wang
    Li
    /lĭwoŋ/
    Bernard
    Karlgren
    /li̯woŋ/
    Expected
    Mandarin
    Reflex
    lóng
    Zhengzhang system (2003)
    Character
    Reading # 3/3
    No. 8439
    Phonetic
    component
    Rime
    group
    Rime
    subdivision
    0
    Corresponding
    MC rime
    Old
    Chinese
    /*roŋ/

    Definitions[edit]

    1. () A kind of bamboo produced in the Lingnan region of China.

    Pronunciation 3[edit]


    Note:
    • lē̤ng - vernacular;
    • lūng - literary.
  • Min Nan
  • Note:
    • láng - vernacular;
    • lóng - literary.
    Note:
    • lang2 - vernacular;
    • long2 - literary.
  • Wu

    Rime
    Character
    Reading # 3/3
    Initial () (37)
    Final () (1)
    Tone (調) Rising (X)
    Openness (開合) Open
    Division () I
    Fanqie
    Reconstructions
    Zhengzhang
    Shangfang
    /luŋX/
    Pan
    Wuyun
    /luŋX/
    Shao
    Rongfen
    /luŋX/
    Edwin
    Pulleyblank
    /ləwŋX/
    Li
    Rong
    /luŋX/
    Wang
    Li
    /luŋX/
    Bernard
    Karlgren
    /luŋX/
    Expected
    Mandarin
    Reflex
    lǒng
    BaxterSagart system 1.1 (2014)
    Character
    Reading # 2/2
    Modern
    Beijing
    (Pinyin)
    lǒng
    Middle
    Chinese
    ‹ luwngX ›
    Old
    Chinese
    /*k.rˁoŋʔ/
    English basket; cage

    Notes for Old Chinese notations in the Baxter–Sagart system:

    * Parentheses "()" indicate uncertain presence;
    * Square brackets "[]" indicate uncertain identity, e.g. *[t] as coda may in fact be *-t or *-p;
    * Angle brackets "<>" indicate infix;
    * Hyphen "-" indicates morpheme boundary;

    * Period "." indicates syllable boundary.
    Zhengzhang system (2003)
    Character
    Reading # 2/3
    No. 8431
    Phonetic
    component
    Rime
    group
    Rime
    subdivision
    0
    Corresponding
    MC rime
    Old
    Chinese
    /*roːŋʔ/

    Definitions[edit]

    1. to cover (all); to encompass; to include
    2. to shroud; to envelop; to enshroud
    3. to hide (one's hands, e.g. in the sleeves)
    4. to twine; to wind; to tie up
    5. to light (a fire); to kindle
    6. large bamboo box; trunk

    Compounds[edit]


    Japanese[edit]

    Kanji[edit]

    Shinjitai

    Kyūjitai

    (common “Jōyō” kanjikyūjitai kanji, shinjitai form )

    Readings[edit]

    Compounds[edit]

    Etymology 1[edit]

    Kanji in this term
    かご
    Grade: S
    kun’yomi

    Appears to be derived from a compound of an uncertain element ka and (ko) below, with ko changing to go as an instance of rendaku (連濁).

    Pronunciation[edit]

    Noun[edit]

    (かご) (kago (kyūjitai, shinjitai )

    1. a cage
    2. a basket
    Derived terms[edit]

    Proper noun[edit]

    (かご) (Kago (kyūjitai, shinjitai )

    1. a surname

    Etymology 2[edit]

    Kanji in this term

    Grade: S
    kun’yomi

    ⟨ko1/kʷo//ko/

    From Old Japanese.

    Noun[edit]

    () (ko (kyūjitai, shinjitai )

    1. a basket, especially one made of bamboo
    2. Short for 伏せ籠 (fusego): This term needs a translation to English. Please help out and add a translation, then remove the text {{rfdef}}.
    Derived terms[edit]

    Etymology 3[edit]

    Kanji in this term
    ろう
    Grade: S
    kan’on

    From Middle Chinese (MC luŋ) and (MC luŋX).

    Noun[edit]

    (ろう) (

    1. Alternative spelling of (): a jail, prison; a cage; food (usually meat) used in offerings

    Affix[edit]

    (ろう) (

    1. basket
    2. bring in
    3. seclude oneself
    Derived terms[edit]

    References[edit]

    1. ^ 2006, 大辞林 (Daijirin), Third Edition (in Japanese), Tōkyō: Sanseidō, →ISBN
    2. ^ 1998, NHK日本語発音アクセント辞典 (NHK Japanese Pronunciation Accent Dictionary) (in Japanese), Tōkyō: NHK, →ISBN

    Korean[edit]

    Etymology[edit]

    From Middle Chinese (MC luŋ, luŋX). Recorded as Middle Korean 로ᇰ〯 (Yale: lwǒng) in Hunmong Jahoe (訓蒙字會 / 훈몽자회), 1527.

    Pronunciation[edit]

    • Phonetic hangeul: [롱/농]

    Hanja[edit]

    Korean Wikisource has texts containing the hanja:

    Wikisource

    (eumhun 바구니 (daebaguni rong), South Korea 바구니 (daebaguni nong))

    1. Hanja form? of / (basket).

    Compounds[edit]

    References[edit]

    • 국제퇴계학회 대구경북지부 (國際退溪學會 大邱慶北支部) (2007). Digital Hanja Dictionary, 전자사전/電子字典. [1]

    Old Japanese[edit]

    Etymology[edit]

    (This etymology is missing or incomplete. Please add to it, or discuss it at the Etymology scriptorium.)

    Noun[edit]

    (ko1) (kana )

    1. a basket, especially one made of bamboo
      • c. 759, Man'yōshū (book 1, poem 1)[1]
        毛与美母乳布久思毛與美夫君志持...
        ko1 mo yo2 mi1-ko1 moti pukusi mo yo2 mi1-bukusi moti...
        Girl with your basket, with your pretty basket, with your shovel, with your pretty shovel...[2]

    Derived terms[edit]

    Descendants[edit]

    • Japanese: (こ, ko)

    References[edit]

    1. ^ Satake, Akihiro; Hideo Yamada; Rikio Kudō; Masao Ōtani; Yoshiyuki Yamazaki (c. 759) Shin Nihon Koten Bungaku Taikei 1: Man’yōshū 1 (in Japanese), Tōkyō: Iwanami Shoten, published 1999, →ISBN.
    2. ^ Bjarke Frellesvig (2010) A History of the Japanese Language, Cambridge University Press, →ISBN, page 20

    Vietnamese[edit]

    Han character[edit]

    (lồng, lung, ruồng, luông, luồng)

    1. This term needs a translation to English. Please help out and add a translation, then remove the text {{rfdef}}.