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Character
Unicode name CJK UNIFIED IDEOGRAPH-9F8D
Code point U+9F8D
Entity number 龍
Unicode block CJK Unified Ideographs
[U+9F8C] [U+9F8E]

Translingual[edit]

Stroke order
龍-order.gif
Traditional
Shinjitai
Simplified

Etymology[edit]

Historical forms of the character
Oracle bone script Bronze inscriptions Large seal script Small seal script
龍-oracle.svg 龍-bronze.svg 龍-bigseal.svg 龍-seal.svg

Originally a serpent with prominent whiskered mouth and eyes, alternatively interpreted (in oracle script) as a crown ().

Current form developed in large seal script, with serpent’s body on right (tail at upper right, legs on right), whiskered/fanged mouth at lower left, and eyes/crown at upper left. Left side was subsequently simplified and abstracted, with some influence of and /. Note that existed as a traditional variant dating back to large seal script, and figures a dragon seen face-on, rather than curled around.

Han character[edit]

(radical 212 +0, 16 strokes, cangjie input 卜月卜尸心 (YBYSP), four-corner 01211)

Derived characters[edit]

Descendants[edit]

References[edit]

  • KangXi: page 1536, character 33
  • Dai Kanwa Jiten: character 48818
  • Dae Jaweon: page 2076, character 1
  • Hanyu Da Zidian: volume 7, page 4803, character 1
  • Unihan data for U+9F8D

Chinese[edit]

trad.
simp.

Pronunciation[edit]


Dialectal pronunciations ()
Variety Location
Mandarin Beijing /luŋ³⁵/
Harbin /luŋ²⁴/
Tianjin /luŋ⁴⁵/
Jinan /luŋ⁴²/
Qingdao /ləŋ⁴²/
Zhengzhou /luŋ⁴²/
/lyuŋ⁴²/
Xi'an /luŋ²⁴/
Xining /luə̃²⁴/
Yinchuan /luŋ⁵³/
Lanzhou /lũn⁵³/
Ürümqi /luŋ⁵¹/
Wuhan /noŋ²¹³/
Chengdu /noŋ³¹/
Guiyang /noŋ²¹/
Kunming /loŋ³¹/
Nanjing /loŋ²⁴/
Hefei /ləŋ⁵⁵/
Jin Taiyuan /luəŋ¹¹/
Pingyao /luŋ¹³/
Hohhot /lũŋ³¹/
Wu Shanghai /loŋ¹³/
Suzhou /loŋ¹³/
Hangzhou /loŋ²¹³/
Wenzhou /liɛ³¹/
Hui Shexian /lʌ̃⁴⁴/
Tunxi /lin⁴⁴/
Xiang Changsha /loŋ¹³/
Xiangtan /nən¹²/
Gan Nanchang /luŋ⁴⁵/
Hakka Meixian /liuŋ¹¹/
Taoyuan /lioŋ¹¹/
Cantonese Guangzhou /loŋ²¹/
Nanning /luŋ²¹/
Hong Kong /luŋ²¹/
Min Xiamen (Min Nan) /liɔŋ³⁵/
/liŋ³⁵/
Fuzhou (Min Dong) /lyŋ⁵³/
Jian'ou (Min Bei) /lœyŋ³³/
Shantou (Min Nan) /loŋ⁵⁵/
/leŋ⁵⁵/
Haikou (Min Nan) /loŋ³¹/
/liaŋ³¹/
Middle Chinese pronunciation (, reconstructed)
Character (), Pronunciation 1/1

Initial: (37)
Final:
Division: III

Openness: Open
Tone: Level (Ø)

Fanqie:
Zhengzhang
Shangfang
Bernard
Karlgren
Li
Rong
Pan
Wuyun
Edwin
Pulleyblank
Wang
Li
Shao
Rongfen
/lɨoŋ/ /li̯woŋ/ /lioŋ/ /lioŋ/ /luawŋ/ /lĭwoŋ/ /lioŋ/
Old Chinese pronunciation (, reconstructed)
Baxter-Sagart system 1.1 (2014)
Character Modern Beijing
(Pinyin)
Middle Chinese Old Chinese English
lóng ‹ ljowng › /*[mə]-roŋ/ dragon
máng ‹ mæwng › /*mˤroŋ/ variegated

Notes for Old Chinese notations in the Baxter-Sagart system:

  • Parentheses "()" indicate uncertain presence;
  • Square brackets "[]" indicate uncertain identity, e.g. *[t] as coda may in fact be *-t or *-p;
  • Angle brackets "<>" indicate infix;
  • Hyphen "-" indicates morpheme boundary;
  • Period "." indicates syllable boundary.
Zhengzhang system (2003)
Character No. Phonetic
component
Rime
group
Rime
subdivision
Corresponding
MC rime
Old Chinese Notes
8436 0 /*b·roŋ/

Definitions[edit]

  1. Chinese dragon
  2. Western dragon
  3. symbolic of the emperor

Compounds[edit]

References[edit]


Japanese[edit]

Noun[edit]

‎(kyūjitai kanji, shinjitai kanji , hiragana たつ, romaji tatsu)

  1. dragon
    • 931938, Wamyō Ruijushō, book 8, page 1:
      文字集畧云、龍、力鍾反、太都、○下總本有和名二字、神代紀齋明紀同訓、按太都 [...]

‎(kyūjitai kanji, shinjitai kanji , hiragana りゅう, romaji ryū)

  1. dragon

Proper noun[edit]

‎(kyūjitai kanji, shinjitai kanji , hiragana りゅう, romaji Ryū)

  1. A male given name
  2. A surname​.

Kanji[edit]

(uncommon “Hyōgai” kanji)

  1. dragon

Readings[edit]

Usage notes[edit]

Kyūjitai; simplified into as isolated shinjitai kanji, but used in Jōyō characters and (latter Jōyō as of 2010).

References[edit]


Korean[edit]

Hanja[edit]

‎(ryong, yong, rong, nong, mang, chong) (hangeul , , , , , , McCune-Reischauer ryong, yong, rong, nong, mang, ch'ong, Yale lyong, yong, long, nong, mang, chong)

  1. This entry needs a definition. Please add one, then remove {{defn}}.

Vietnamese[edit]

Han character[edit]

(long, lỏng, lung, lúng, luồng)

  1. This entry needs a definition. Please add one, then remove {{defn}}.