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U+9F8D, 龍
CJK UNIFIED IDEOGRAPH-9F8D

[U+9F8C]
CJK Unified Ideographs
[U+9F8E]
See also:

Translingual[edit]

Stroke order
龍-order.gif
Traditional
Shinjitai
Simplified

Han character[edit]

(radical 212 +0, 16 strokes, cangjie input 卜月卜尸心 (YBYSP), four-corner 01211)

  1. Kangxi radical #212, (dragon).

Derived characters[edit]

Descendants[edit]

References[edit]

  • KangXi: page 1536, character 33
  • Dai Kanwa Jiten: character 48818
  • Dae Jaweon: page 2076, character 1
  • Hanyu Da Zidian: volume 7, page 4803, character 1
  • Unihan data for U+9F8D

Chinese[edit]

trad.
simp.
alt. forms

Glyph origin[edit]

Historical forms of the character
Oracle bone script Bronze inscriptions Large seal script Small seal script
龍-oracle.svg 龍-bronze.svg 龍-bigseal.svg 龍-seal.svg
Characters in the same phonetic series () (Zhengzhang, 2003) 
Old Chinese
*ʔslaːŋʔ, *roŋ
*broːŋ
*rroːŋ, *sroːŋ, *roːŋ
*roːŋ, *roːŋʔ, *roŋ
*roːŋ
*roːŋ, *roŋs
*roːŋ, *roːŋʔ
*roːŋ
*roːŋ, *roːŋs
*roːŋ
*roːŋ, *roŋ
*roːŋ
*roːŋ, *roːŋʔ, *r'oŋʔ
*roːŋ
*roːŋ, *roːŋʔ
*roːŋ, *roŋ
*roːŋ
*roːŋʔ
*roːŋʔ
*roːŋʔ
*roːŋʔ, *roŋs
*b·roŋ, *mroːŋ
*roŋ, *roŋs
*roŋʔ
*roŋʔ
*roŋʔ
*r̥ʰoŋʔ
*kloŋ, *kloŋs, *qroːɡ

Pictogram (象形) – originally a serpent with prominent whiskered mouth and eyes.

Current form developed in large seal script, with serpent’s body on right (tail at upper right, legs on right), whiskered/fanged mouth at lower left, and eyes/crown at upper left. Left side was subsequently simplified and abstracted, with some influence of and /. Note that existed as a traditional variant dating back to large seal script, and figures a dragon seen face-on, rather than curled around.

Etymology[edit]

From Proto-Sino-Tibetan *m-bru(ŋ/k)(dragon; thunder). Cognate with Tibetan འབྲུག('brug, dragon; thunder). The STEDT database also lists (OC *ɡ·ruːŋ, “thunder; sound of thunder”) and (OC *bruːɡ, “hail”) as cognates. Also compare (OC *brɯŋs, “sound of thunder”) and 霹靂 (“thunder”).

This word is found in many languages of the region. Compare Proto-Hmong-Mien *-roŋ(dragon) (White Hmong zaj), Proto-Vietic *-roːŋ(dragon) (Vietnamese rồng), Vietnamese thuồng luồng(serpent-like monster), Khmer រោង(roŭng, year of the dragon), Thai มะโรง(má-roong, dragon; year of the dragon), Lao ມະໂລງ(ma lōng, year of the dragon).

Pronunciation[edit]


Note:
  • lêng - vernacular;
  • gêng - vernacular (only used in 龍眼);
  • liông - literary.

  • Dialectal data
Variety Location
Mandarin Beijing /luŋ³⁵/
Harbin /luŋ²⁴/
Tianjin /luŋ⁴⁵/
Jinan /luŋ⁴²/
Qingdao /ləŋ⁴²/
Zhengzhou /luŋ⁴²/
/lyuŋ⁴²/
Xi'an /luŋ²⁴/
Xining /luə̃²⁴/
Yinchuan /luŋ⁵³/
Lanzhou /lũn⁵³/
Ürümqi /luŋ⁵¹/
Wuhan /noŋ²¹³/
Chengdu /noŋ³¹/
Guiyang /noŋ²¹/
Kunming /loŋ³¹/
Nanjing /loŋ²⁴/
Hefei /ləŋ⁵⁵/
Jin Taiyuan /luəŋ¹¹/
Pingyao /luŋ¹³/
Hohhot /lũŋ³¹/
Wu Shanghai /loŋ²³/
Suzhou /loŋ¹³/
Hangzhou /loŋ²¹³/
Wenzhou /liɛ³¹/
Hui Shexian /lʌ̃⁴⁴/
Tunxi /lin⁴⁴/
Xiang Changsha /loŋ¹³/
Xiangtan /nən¹²/
Gan Nanchang /luŋ⁴⁵/
Hakka Meixian /liuŋ¹¹/
Taoyuan /lioŋ¹¹/
Cantonese Guangzhou /loŋ²¹/
Nanning /luŋ²¹/
Hong Kong /luŋ²¹/
Min Xiamen (Min Nan) /liɔŋ³⁵/
/liŋ³⁵/
Fuzhou (Min Dong) /lyŋ⁵³/
Jian'ou (Min Bei) /lœyŋ³³/
Shantou (Min Nan) /loŋ⁵⁵/
/leŋ⁵⁵/
Haikou (Min Nan) /loŋ³¹/
/liaŋ³¹/

Rime
Character
Reading # 1/1
Initial () (37)
Final () (7)
Tone (調) Level (Ø)
Openness (開合) Open
Division () III
Fanqie
Reconstructions
Zhengzhang
Shangfang
/lɨoŋ/
Pan
Wuyun
/lioŋ/
Shao
Rongfen
/lioŋ/
Edwin
Pulleyblank
/luawŋ/
Li
Rong
/lioŋ/
Wang
Li
/lĭwoŋ/
Bernard
Karlgren
/li̯woŋ/
Expected
Mandarin
Reflex
lóng
Zhengzhang system (2003)
Character
Reading # 1/2 2/2
No. 8436 8763
Phonetic
component
Rime
group
Rime
subdivision
0 0
Corresponding
MC rime
Old
Chinese
/*b·roŋ/ /*mroːŋ/
Notes

Definitions[edit]

  1. (mythology) Chinese dragon
  2. (mythology) Western dragon
  3. (figuratively) emperor; sovereign; king; of the emperor
  4. (figuratively) chief; hero; towering figure
  5. (by extension) dragon-shaped object; long object
  6. (by extension) dragon-adorned object
  7. (zoology) Short for 恐龍恐龙 (kǒnglóng, “dinosaur”).
  8. (Min Dong) to become clear-minded; to be revitalised
  9. A surname​.

Compounds[edit]


Japanese[edit]

Kanji[edit]

(“Jinmeiyō” kanji used for nameskyūjitai kanji, shinjitai form )

  1. dragon

Readings[edit]

Usage notes[edit]

Kyūjitai; simplified into as isolated shinjitai kanji, but used in Jōyō characters and (latter Jōyō as of 2010).

Noun[edit]

‎(kyūjitai kanji, shinjitai kanji , hiragana たつ, romaji tatsu)

  1. dragon
    • 931938, Wamyō Ruijushō, book 8, page 1:
      文字集畧云、龍、力鍾反、太都、○下總本有和名二字、神代紀齋明紀同訓、按太都 [...]

‎(kyūjitai kanji, shinjitai kanji , hiragana りゅう, romaji ryū)

  1. dragon

Proper noun[edit]

‎(kyūjitai kanji, shinjitai kanji , hiragana りゅう, romaji Ryū)

  1. A male given name
  2. A surname​.

References[edit]


Korean[edit]

Hanja[edit]

‎(ryong>yong, rong>nong, mang, chong)
Eumhun:

  • Sound (hangeul): >, >, ,  (McCune-Reischauer: ryong>yong, rong>nong, mang, ch'ong, Yale: lyong>yong, long>nong, mang, chong)
  • Name (hangeul): ()
  1. dragon
  2. king

compounds[edit]


Vietnamese[edit]

Han character[edit]

(long, lỏng, lung, lúng, luồng)

  1. This term needs a translation to English. Please help out and add a translation, then remove the text {{rfdef}}.