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U+96F9, 雹
CJK UNIFIED IDEOGRAPH-96F9

[U+96F8]
CJK Unified Ideographs
[U+96FA]

Translingual[edit]

Han character[edit]

(radical 173, +5, 13 strokes, cangjie input 一月心口山 (MBPRU), four-corner 10712, composition)

References[edit]

  • KangXi: page 1372, character 26
  • Dai Kanwa Jiten: character 42248
  • Dae Jaweon: page 1882, character 3
  • Hanyu Da Zidian (first edition): volume 6, page 4061, character 5
  • Unihan data for U+96F9

Chinese[edit]

simp. and trad.

Glyph origin[edit]

Historical forms of the character
Shang Warring States Shuowen Jiezi (compiled in Han) Liushutong (compiled in Ming)
Oracle bone script Chu Slip and silk script Small seal script Transcribed ancient scripts
雹-oracle.svg 雹-silk.svg 雹-seal.svg 雹-bigseal.svg

Phono-semantic compound (形聲, OC *bruːɡ): semantic  (rain) + phonetic  (OC *pruː).

Etymology[edit]

From Proto-Sino-Tibetan *m-bru(ŋ/k) (dragon; thunder), whence also (OC *b·roŋ, *mroːŋ, “dragon”) (STEDT).

Pronunciation[edit]


Note:
  • dok5-4, tok5-4 - vernacular;
  • bok5, bau1 - literary.
  • Gan
  • Hakka
  • Jin
  • Min Bei
  • Min Dong
  • Note:
    • pĕ̤k - vernacular;
    • pâu - literary.
  • Min Nan
  • Note:
    • pha̍uh/phàu/phau/phāu - vernacular;
    • pa̍k - literary.
  • Wu
  • Xiang

    Rime
    Character
    Reading # 1/1
    Initial () (3)
    Final () (10)
    Tone (調) Checked (Ø)
    Openness (開合) Open
    Division () II
    Fanqie
    Reconstructions
    Zhengzhang
    Shangfang
    /bˠʌk̚/
    Pan
    Wuyun
    /bᵚɔk̚/
    Shao
    Rongfen
    /bɔk̚/
    Edwin
    Pulleyblank
    /baɨwk̚/
    Li
    Rong
    /bɔk̚/
    Wang
    Li
    /bɔk̚/
    Bernard
    Karlgren
    /bʱɔk̚/
    Expected
    Mandarin
    Reflex
    BaxterSagart system 1.1 (2014)
    Character
    Reading # 1/1
    Modern
    Beijing
    (Pinyin)
    báo
    Middle
    Chinese
    ‹ bæwk ›
    Old
    Chinese
    /*C.[b]ˁruk/
    English hail

    Notes for Old Chinese notations in the Baxter–Sagart system:

    * Parentheses "()" indicate uncertain presence;
    * Square brackets "[]" indicate uncertain identity, e.g. *[t] as coda may in fact be *-t or *-p;
    * Angle brackets "<>" indicate infix;
    * Hyphen "-" indicates morpheme boundary;

    * Period "." indicates syllable boundary.
    Zhengzhang system (2003)
    Character
    Reading # 1/1
    No. 310
    Phonetic
    component
    Rime
    group
    Rime
    subdivision
    1
    Corresponding
    MC rime
    Old
    Chinese
    /*bruːɡ/

    Definitions[edit]

    1. hail

    Synonyms[edit]

    Descendants[edit]

    • Zhuang: lwgbag

    Compounds[edit]


    Japanese[edit]

    Kanji[edit]

    (uncommon “Hyōgai” kanji)

    1. hail

    Readings[edit]

    Etymology[edit]

    Kanji in this term
    ひょう
    Hyōgaiji
    kun’yomi
    Japanese Wikipedia has an article on:
    Wikipedia ja
    雹 (hyō)

    Perhaps from (hyō, ice) (This etymology is missing or incomplete. Please add to it, or discuss it at the Etymology scriptorium.)

    Pronunciation[edit]

    Noun[edit]

    (ひょう) (hyō

    1. hail
    2. a hailstone

    Derived terms[edit]


    Korean[edit]

    Hanja[edit]

    (bak) (hangeul , revised bak, McCune–Reischauer pak, Yale pak)

    1. This term needs a translation to English. Please help out and add a translation, then remove the text {{rfdef}}.

    Vietnamese[edit]

    Han character[edit]

    (bạc, bão)

    1. This term needs a translation to English. Please help out and add a translation, then remove the text {{rfdef}}.